Presentation on theme: "The Danish Model of Flexicurity – An Active Labour Market Strategy for Older Workers International Seminar for Experts organised in the series Great Debates."— Presentation transcript:
The Danish Model of Flexicurity – An Active Labour Market Strategy for Older Workers International Seminar for Experts organised in the series Great Debates by the Cicero Foundation Paris 10 and 11 March 2005 Thomas Qvortrup Christensen
Outline The Danish labour market Flexicurity Special cases for older workers Summary
The Danish situation on the labour market Low unemployment in relation to other EU Member States and a significant fall in unemployment in the 90s. Among the countries with the highest participation and employment rates. But, at the same time, we are the country with the biggest number of people on public support. Demographic challenge: More people in the high age groups - fewer in the work force.
Unemployment in Denmark,
Persons on transfer payments,
Inside and outside labour market
Characteristics of the Danish employment policy The active labour market policy in Denmark has traditionally been built on a broad political consensus. A high degree of regionalisation of the administration - 14 independent regions/counties in Denmark. Close involvement of the social partners: In connection with labour marker reforms, the social partners have supported the active line. Involvement of the social partners in the regional management and implementation of the measures.
Flexible Labour market Generous benefitsystem Active labour market policy (ALMP) Qualification effect Motivation effect High flexibility Many job openings: job shifts per year new jobs per year jobs disappear each year Benefits High compensation for low-wage groups: 90 pct. Duration: 4 years ALMP Emphasis on upgrading of skills Test of availability The Danish flexicurity model
Latest labour market reform More people at employment 2002 The vision of the one string system More direct ways into employment External stakeholders It should pay to work Away from the flexicurity model
Older workers in a flexicurity context Rules for older workers –Early retirement benefit –Longer UI for unemployed older than 55 years –Forced early retirement for 60 + if unemployed more than 2½ years –Activation from 6 months for 60+
Activation 50 years+
Share of long-term unemployed 50 years +
Unemployment and activation 50 years+
Unemployment in Sweden and Denmark
Summary Can the Danish model be adopted ? Challenges for the Danish flexicurity model The older workers
Labour force and employed
The Danish flexicurity model Unemployment insurance 180,000 persons recieving unem- ployment benefits Active labour market policy The labour market employed 2,8 mill.