Presentation on theme: "Enlargement, borders and Schengen-acquis Wouter van de Rijt CICERO CONFERENCE Paris, 13 May 2004 Lauteur sexprime en son nom personnel sans engager lInstitution."— Presentation transcript:
Enlargement, borders and Schengen-acquis Wouter van de Rijt CICERO CONFERENCE Paris, 13 May 2004 Lauteur sexprime en son nom personnel sans engager lInstitution à laquelle il appartient
Schengen map: changes on 1 May 2004 + in 2005 + in 2007 (?)
A few figures to show the differences of situations where the Schengen acquis shall apply (pop./$ per y.) France58,80526,050 Germany 82,079 28,260 Great Britain58,97020,710 Greece10,662 12,010 Iceland 371 26,580 Italy56,78320,120 Luxembourg425 45,360 Netherlands15,73125,820 Norway4,420 36,090 Portugal9,928 10,450 Soon no landborder anymore 18.000 kilometers of coast Only 1 external border: the airport
- New Member states borders - Turkeys borders zPoland s borders Belarus 407 km, Czech Republic 658 km, Germany 456 km, Lithuania 91 km, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 206 km, Slovakia 444 km, Ukraine 526 km z Czech republic border countries: z one external border, the airport of Prague z Slovenia border countries: Austria 330 km, Croatia 670 km, Italy 232 km, Hungary 102 km z Turkey border countries: Armenia 268 km, Azerbaijan 9 km, Bulgaria 240 km, Georgia 252 km, Greece 206 km, Iran 499 km, Iraq 352 km, Syria 822 km
The example of Finland Source : René Nyberg, Finlands Ambassador to Russia 6.1 million crossings of the Finnish section of the Schengen frontier. Over 60 per cent were Russian citizens. 1.6 million Russians visited Finland last year. About 3% of visa applications were rejected and only 3,444 persons were turned back at the border in the whole of last year. The most common reasons were alcohol smuggling or suspected prostitution. the equipment and techniques applied are a mix of traditional and high tech. To our great surprise the sophisticated methods of detecting forgeries have been less in use than anticipated. Instead of clumsy attempts to forge visas or passports, Russian have come up with an ingenious and telling solution - change of identity. If Mr. Ivanov is denied entry he comes back as Mr. Petrov. The photo is genuine, the other data likewise, but the man is new, at least to the visa bank computer. The champion so-far had seven different identities, all documented in genuine Russian passports issued by different authorities. The signing of a readmission treaty with the Community is evidently the key to any liberalisation of visa policies
Enlarging the Schengen- acquis zSpecific procedure of reinforced cooperation, like for the zrefer to Accession Treaties, art 3 zsplit into two categories (2004 - 2007?) zdistinguish between nMS and UK/IRL zSwitzerland zvoting rules,...
The Decision making procedure towards full Schengen implementation zevaluations zinspections zrecommendations zfollow up zCouncil Decisions (different phases, individual nMS or Big Bang)
How to check the acquis ? zFundamentals, znon-binding provisions (Catalogue), zinspection reports, zdevelopments of the acquis, zEuropean Border Agency zSchengen facility - 969.000.000
European Border Agency zAs of 1 January 2005 zOperational cooperation between MS zAssistance in training zRisk analyses zResearch zJoint return operations zEBA will include Norway/Iceland and more or less UK and IRL
SIS I - II Political and technologic choices: zHit-no hit or investigation system ? zDNA database zCounterfeit money, zStolen art zLink with Europol ? zPolitical masters and the mastering of choices (Minister Dankert and User Agents 4.0 et 4.1)
Other relevant issues zVIS zdocument security zpassenger data zEnhanced security dialogue
And what about the other side of the borders ? zExternal relations, border management, passengers data etc. zLiaison officers zRUS, UKR, US, CDN zdata protection, professionalism etc zNew Neighbourhood policy zWestern Balkans
Javier Solanas Security strategy zAdopted by the European Council on 12 December 2003 zlinking internal to external threats zperceiving new threats zsuggesting new means zlink between CFSP and JHA
More than 40 years after John Kennedy: Where is the last frontier ?