2 Why Solar Energy? The World Bank reports that one-third of Indian businesses believe that unreliable electricity is one of their primary impediments to doing business. In addition, coal shortages are further straining power generation capabilitiessituations of limited energy resources, especially the provision of electricity in rural areasGreenhouse gases - responsible for increasing global warming on earthEnergy reaching the earth is incredible. By one calculation, 30 days of sunshine striking the Earth have the energy equivalent of the total of all the planet’s fossil fuels, both used and unused.
4 In a recently published article in New York Times, it is reported that India is working towards becoming a global leader and a hub of solar power, something the developed nations like Germany, Spain and US were recognized for.This is arising out Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) which the Government of India has declared. As per the mi ssionIndia plans to add MW of Solar Power Generation Capacity by Further the plan envisages MW by 2030 and MW by the middle of this century
5 National Solar Mission The National Solar Mission is a major initiative of the Government of India and State Governments to promote ecologically sustainable growth while addressing India’s energy security challenge. It will also constitute a major contribution by India to the global effort to meet the challenges of climate change.
6 India Developing Solar Projects 100 MW MNRE scheme— PPAs have been signed with state utilities— 20MWs per State and 1 MWs per Project Developer— IREDA - The administrator
7 India Developing Solar Projects 150MW PV NVVN scheme— Bid Process Completed on 16 Nov 10— Max Discount offered was 696 Paisa500 MW NVVN solar thermal Scheme— Bid Process completed on 16 Nov 10— Max Discount offered was 482 paisa
8 India – Focus on Solar Energy Manufacturing India is focusing on solar energy for a major contribution in its energy needsMeanwhile, India's PV manufacturing sector is developing fast.Indian Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh announced : ‘We will pool all our scientific, technical and managerial talents with financial sources to develop solar energy as a source of abundant energy to power our economy and to transform the lives of our people and change the face of India.’US Marketing Company DCI : India is the second best country after China for business investment. DCI cites India’s labour, including its supply, skills level and cost, as the main reason for this positive perception.In March 2007 the Indian government announced a semiconductor policy under its Special Incentive Package Scheme (SIPS) which provides 20% of the capital expenditure during the first 10 years for semiconductor industries, including manufacturing activities related to solar PV technology located in Special Economic Zones (SEZ) and 25% for industries not located in an SEZ.
9 Indian companies step into Solar Energy Andhra Pradesh has set up ‘FabCity’ in the capital, Hyderabad, at an estimated cost of Rs135 billion (US$3.18 billion). Spread over 1200 acres (486 ha), FabCity will house semiconductor manufacturing companies working to meet the needs of the electronic hardware sector and fabrication units for solar PV.Reliance Industries leads the field with the highest volume of investment, with a recent grid connected PV project of 1.3 MW in New DelhiThe company, Moser baer, till recently had a capacity of 200 MW in photo voltaic (PV) cells and 50 MW in thin films has announced plans to expand to 1 GW over next few years.Indosolar, a company that had issued an IPO recently has a capacity of 160 MW in solar photovoltaic cells and had announced plans to increase the manufacturing capacity to 260 MW by 2011.Solar Semiconductors are shipping 15MW of panels from their unit in Hyderabad every month..their inventory is only for few days.
10 Meanwhile, US-based Signet Solar has signed a memorandum of understanding with the government of Tamil Nadu to manufacture 300 MW of thin-film PV modules in a project worth an estimated $500 million.The plant will be located in the Sriperumbudur SEZ. It will initially export most of its production, but will serve the Indian market as domestic demand picks up. Signet Solar plans to build three plants (1 GW) in India over the next 10 years at multiple locations.Solar Semiconductor has an order book of $1.5–2 billion to be delivered in the next 2–3 years. It has orders to supply PV modules to leading players in the global solar market including Q Cells AG, IBC Solar and ersol Solar Energy of Germany and Motech Industries of Taiwan
11 News from manufacturers Solar Semiconductor’s supply contract with Q-Cells is worth several million, for example. The company already has two operating facilities with an installed capacity of 60–70 MW on the outskirts of Hyderabad.
12 News from Manufacturers Mola Solaire Produktions GmbH, a manufacturer of multi-crystalline and mono-crystalline solar wafers, has signed a five-year contract to supply 125 MW of multi-crystalline solar wafers to XL Telecom & Energy Ltd between 2008 and 2013.Sharp, the global leader in solar PV technology, recently made a foray into solar energy in India with its Sharp Business Systems India Ltd subsidiary.
13 News from Manufacturers It is not just foreign interests that are exploring the possibility of expanding solar PV capacities in India.Tata BP Solar, a joint venture between Tata Power and BP, aims to increase its Photovoltaic (PV) cell manufacturing capacity from the present 84 MW to 180 MW in this fiscal. This is a part of its mega expansion plan to ultimately realize a manufacturing capacity of 300 MW by 2012
14 Solar PV Advantage India Most urban and industrial centers in India are experiencing peak electricity shortages of over 15%.India has come up with a plan to develop 60 cities as ‘solar cities.’ The proposal envisages a minimum 10% reduction in total demand of conventional energy after five years in each of these cities through efficiency and renewable energy measures.To keep pace with the global trend of exercising feed-in-tariff solar power, Govt. of India has already initiated many programsIndia is well endowed with solar insolation (average of 6 kwh/ sq.mt./day).The solar energy industry in India has gained momentum and should be able to keep pace with National Solar Mission.Gujrat has been pioneer in the Indian States to lead the Solar Project by announcing the solar policyRajasthan Solar Policy is in draft stage and may be declared at any time
15 Solar PV Advantage India Solar PV, on the other hand, is a technology that offers a solution for a number of problems associated with fossil fuels. It is clean, decentralized, indigenous and does not need continuous import of a resource.On top of that, India has among the highest solar irradiance in the world which makes solar PV all the more attractive for India.India (Orissa and Andhra Pradesh) also houses some of the best quality reserves of silica (basic feedstock for metal grade Si).India has demonstrated globally proven metallurgical processing capacities and capabilities.India is already an established low cost producer and assembler of solar PV cells and modules
16 Solar PV Advantage India The Government of India has kept a target of electrification ofall villages‘Power for all by 2012’ with a minimum energy Consumption of 1 unit per day per family.Solar PV based decentralized distributed generation can contribute to thistarget**India is one of the fastest growing economies globally and energy is one of the basic requirements to maintain this rate of growth and to serve its developmental objectives.
17 Solar PV Advantage India India has, in the past three decades, been implementing a large RE program and solar, including solar PV, is a focus area. As a part of the RE program in India, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) launched a country-wide Solar Photovoltaic Program two decades ago.Under this program, almost 1.1 million solar PV based systems have been installed, including5.85 lakh solar lanterns,3.64 lakh solar home lighting systems,69,500 street lighting systems,7,068 solar water pumps and2.65 MWp of stand alone and2.1 MWp grid interactive solar PV power plants.
18 Benefits to The Economy, Environment, You, and Me We need reliable, clean, abundant, affordable and safe energy.Solar electric power systems can be easily sited at the point of use with no environmental impact.The Indian solar industry - a potential employer of men and women in high-value, high-tech jobs.
19 Final ThoughtArgument that sun provides power only during the day is countered by the fact that 70% of energy demand is during daytime hours. At night, traditional methods can be used to generate the electricity.Goal is to decrease our dependence on fossil fuels.Currently, 75% of our electrical power is generated by coal-burning and nuclear power plants.Mitigates the effects of acid rain, carbon dioxide, and other impacts of burning coal and counters risks associated with nuclear energy.pollution free, indefinitely sustainable
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