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29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Potential of CSP in India Shirish Garud, Fellow and Area Convenor, TERI.

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Presentation on theme: "29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Potential of CSP in India Shirish Garud, Fellow and Area Convenor, TERI."— Presentation transcript:

1 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Potential of CSP in India Shirish Garud, Fellow and Area Convenor, TERI

2 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Outline Why India Needs CSP Why India Needs CSP Indian Energy scenarioIndian Energy scenario Global trendsGlobal trends Climate Change Action PlanClimate Change Action Plan Solar Resource Solar Resource Potential for CSP in India Potential for CSP in India Grid Connected Large ScaleGrid Connected Large Scale DistributedDistributed Way Forward Way Forward

3 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Why India Needs CSP Why India Needs CSP Indian Energy scenarioIndian Energy scenario Global trendsGlobal trends Climate Change Action PlanClimate Change Action Plan

4 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Electricity fuel mix 71% 7,231 MW 29% 2,944 MW Other RE Wind Total installed capacity as on is % 90% 9,755 MW 10% 1,141 MW Other RE Wind 10,897 MW 23% Hydro 39,222 MW

5 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Energy supply Coal Major energy source. Biomass Primary source of cooking energy in > 80% rural households. Electricity All India average shortage ~ 11.6 % Peak Load supply shortage ~ 15 % Base Load supply shortage ~ 9 % Energy security concern Around 75 % of the petroleum supply is imported Even coal is being imported

6 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi …Energy supply Poor electrification status 78 million households (44%) in the country do not have access to electricity 1,25,000 villages are un-electrified Electricity supply situation is generally poor in even electrified villages

7 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi 10 th Plan ( ) performance Achievement 51.5% of the target SECTOR THERMAL (MW) HYDRO (MW) NUCLEAR (MW) TOTAL (MW) TargetAchievedTargetAchievedTargetAchievedTargetAchieved Central State Private Total

8 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Import dependence FuelScenario2001/022011/122021/222031/32 Coal BAU4%9%49%72% Energy efficient 4%10%52%64% Oil BAU69%65%74%88% 69%61%48%76% Gas BAU0%17%34%34% 0%22%34%34% Source: TERI study

9 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Estimated growth in electricity generation capacity ( ) Source: Planning Commission, 2005

10 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Energy mix under alternative scenarios

11 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi National Solar Mission Proposed targets Proposed targets 20 GW by GW by GW by 2030 or 10-12% of total power generation capacity estimated for that year100 GW by 2030 or 10-12% of total power generation capacity estimated for that year 4-5GW of installed solar manufacturing capability by GW of installed solar manufacturing capability by 2017

12 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Global investments in renewable energy Source: REN21, 2009 Billion Dollars Investments in solar PV 32% (US$38.4 billion)

13 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Global scenario in RE development All countries taking bold action in promoting and installing RE systems EU: target of 20% energy from renewables by 2020EU: target of 20% energy from renewables by 2020 Australia: target of 20% energy (GWh of electricity) from renewables by 2020Australia: target of 20% energy (GWh of electricity) from renewables by 2020 China: 15% RE in energy mix by 2020, 30% or more by 2050China: 15% RE in energy mix by 2020, 30% or more by 2050 USA: in the process of finalising a 20% target to be achieved by RE (15%) & EE (5%)USA: in the process of finalising a 20% target to be achieved by RE (15%) & EE (5%) India needs to be ambitious in setting a target (in terms of GWh, not GW)

14 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Solar Resource in India 5 trillion kWh/year theoretical potential 5 trillion kWh/year theoretical potential Sunny areas Sunny areas Most of the country receives more than 4kWh/m 2 /dayMost of the country receives more than 4kWh/m 2 /day More than 300 sunny days in the most part of the countryMore than 300 sunny days in the most part of the country Potential being mapped by IMD, and few other institutes. Potential being mapped by IMD, and few other institutes. IMD, MNRE has published solar energy resource handbook IMD, MNRE has published solar energy resource handbook

15 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Solar radiation map of India If one percent of the land is used to harness solar energy for electricity generation at an overall efficiency of 10%; 492 x 10 6 MU/year electricity can be generated

16 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Government initiatives GBI (Generation Based incentives) for Solar power projects (2008) GBI (Generation Based incentives) for Solar power projects (2008) Solar Mission under National Action Plan for Climate Change Solar Mission under National Action Plan for Climate Change GBIs and incentive schemes from state governments GBIs and incentive schemes from state governments

17 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi CSP worldwide More than 10 different technology combinations More than 10 different technology combinations More than 400MW installed capacity More than 400MW installed capacity More than 8GW installed capacity projects announced More than 8GW installed capacity projects announced

18 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Role India can play Global hub for manufacturing CSP Global hub for manufacturing CSP Global test facilities Global test facilities Different climatic conditionsDifferent climatic conditions Abundant sunlightAbundant sunlight Technical man powerTechnical man power Large scale Power plants Large scale Power plants 4-5 GW by 2020 is easily possible4-5 GW by 2020 is easily possible Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, MP, Haryana, Tamilnadu, AP potential statesRajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, MP, Haryana, Tamilnadu, AP potential states

19 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi What India should do Government Government Back up the plans with realistic and strong policy pushBack up the plans with realistic and strong policy push Solar plants and manufacturing base development Solar plants and manufacturing base development Low cost financing and fiscal incentives Low cost financing and fiscal incentives IndustryIndustry Move fast to develop manufacturing capability Move fast to develop manufacturing capability Develop R & D base Develop R & D base Appropriate technology adaptation Appropriate technology adaptation Financing and insurance institutionsFinancing and insurance institutions Low cost financing Low cost financing Risk mitigation instruments for solar plants Risk mitigation instruments for solar plants

20 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Suggestions to move forward Strong long term policy initiative Strong long term policy initiative Support to various promising technologies Support to various promising technologies Cost should not be barrier in initial projectsCost should not be barrier in initial projects National Plan for large scale solr power development National Plan for large scale solr power development Solar Park conceptSolar Park concept Solar CSP test facilities in atleast two locations Solar CSP test facilities in atleast two locations Incentives for industries to develop sub- components (e.g.mirrors, Coatings, Structures)Incentives for industries to develop sub- components (e.g.mirrors, Coatings, Structures) Indigenous technology developmentIndigenous technology development

21 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Suggestions to move forward Long term low cost finance for capital investments Long term low cost finance for capital investments RE targets for Distribution agencies can be enhanced RE targets for Distribution agencies can be enhanced RE targets for industries, Gencos? RE targets for industries, Gencos?

22 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi TERIs activities Feasibility studies for solar power plants Feasibility studies for solar power plants Two projects under finalisationTwo projects under finalisation Institutional Expertise in Institutional Expertise in SimulationsSimulations Solar radiation analysisSolar radiation analysis Development of technologies,Development of technologies, Strong R & D capabilitiesStrong R & D capabilities Think tank for the Government Think tank for the Government Working on solar park concept Working on solar park concept

23 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi A technological society has two choices. First it can wait until catastrophic failures expose systemic deficiencies, distortion and self-deceptions… Secondly, a culture can provide social checks and balances to correct for systemic distortion prior to catastrophic failures.

24 29 th July 2009 ASSOCHAM South Asia Renewable Energy Conference, New Delhi Thank you!!! Contact: Cell Cell


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