3 The Context and Overview Food processing sector critical for achieving growth in the agricultural sector which in turn a pre-requisite for healthy growth of Indian economyGrowth of sector essential to meet the twin national objectives of “inclusive growth” and “food security”.The 11th Plan- significant progress of the sector in terms of both approach and scale of the Government programmes, with stress on appropriate backward linkages and emphasis on synergy between production and processing.
4 Growth of Food Processing Sector Capital Investment in Registered Units in Food Processing Sector (Rs. in Crore)Source: Annual Survey of Industries
5 Contribution to GDP (% Growth) GDP at 2004-05 Prices Source : National Accounts Statistics 2011
6 Food Processing Sector– Growth Potential Increasing Urbanisation - Lifestyle and AspirationsIncreasing Nuclear Families and Working WomenIncreasing spending on processed food productsFood Processing Demand DriversChanging demographics – Rise in disposable incomesDemand for Functional Foods/ NeutraceuticalsGrowth of Organised Retail and Private Label Penetration
7 Food Processing Sector– Demand Advantage Shift in Demographic profile: A largely untapped domestic market of 1 Billion Consumers with 65% of population below 35 years of age.Growing Middle Class- from its current size of 50 Mn to 583 Mn people by (Source: McKinsey & Co.)Higher Disposable income: Increase in per capita income and purchasing power.Increased consumer awareness towards quality and hygiene aspects of the Food
8 Food Processing Sector– Impediments Supply Chain Institutional Gaps (procurement dependence on APMC markets )Inadequate link between production and processing (lack of processable varieties)Supply Chain Infra Gaps (Lack of primary processing, storage and distribution facilities)Challenges for Food Processing SectorLack of product development and InnovationSeasonality of operations and low capacity utilizationInadequate focus on quality and safety standards
9 Cumulative Wastage (%) Wastage of Agriculture ProduceA nation wide study on quantitative assessment of harvest and post harvest losses for 46 agricultural produces in 106 randomly selected districts was carried out by CIPHET.Percentage of losses estimated for major produces-CropCumulative Wastage (%)CerealsPulsesOil Seeds6.0Fruits & VegetablesMilk0.8Fisheries2.9Meat2.3Poultry3.7Source: A study by CIPHET, 2010
10 Mega Food Park Scheme- The Need Food processing sector- a sunrise sector, is capital intensive with long gestation periodsHence, incentives from the Govt. required to promote private investment in the sectorThe Scheme conceptualized on an Industrial Park Model and customized to the need of food processing sector. Aim also to overcome the weakness plaguing the sectorGrant assistance to be provided to entrepreneurs for setting up common infrastructureThe common infrastructure to act as the feeder point for processing units to be set up in the periphery area
12 Mega Food Park Model: An Illustration FieldCollection CentersPrimary ProcessingCenters:Pre-cooling, Gradingpulping Sorting, waxing,packing ,Temporary storageCentral ProcessingCenter:Pulping, Aseptic packing,CA chamber, Cold StoreQC lab, Logistics centeretcMegaFood ParkCPCImporterExporterValue added ProductDomestic salesFresh ProductsPPCDomesticRetail salesFarmer GroupsSelf Help GroupsIndividual farmers
13 Mega Food Park Scheme - Background MFPs to provide state-of-the art infrastructure facilities – to enable setting up of food processing unitsSetting up common facilities along with processing units in the peripheryExpected to facilitate the achievement of the ‘Vision 2015’ of the Ministry-, i.e. to raisethe processing of perishables in the country from the existing 6% to 20%,value addition from 20% to 35% andcountry’s share in global food trade from 1.5% to 3%Scheme formed to accelerate growth of food processing industry in the countryDemand driven with focus on both backward and forward integration30 Mega Food Parks to be set up during the11th FYP
14 Envisaged Outcomes- Mega Food Parks Scheme Increased realization for farmers,Creation of high quality processing infrastructure including efficient supply chain,Reduction in wastage,Capacity building of producers and processors,Significant direct and indirect employment generation
15 Salient Features of the Scheme Enabling Infrastructure Creation along the supply chainCreation of CPC, PPCs and CCsCommon Facilities and amenities to be assistedLeverage investments in food processing unitsProvision for Standard Design Factory and Plug & Play facilities for Micro and Small EnterprisesProject to be implemented through a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV): As private led initiative
16 Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) SPV, to be a Body Corporate registered under the Companies Act, and can be constituted by stakeholders like infrastructure developers, FIs/Banks/PE Firms, Org. retailers, Food Processors, 3PL & other service providers, Farmer Orgs. etc…Each SPV to haveAt least three entrepreneurs / business units, with the entrepreneurs being independent of each other and business units with no common directors.At least one should be from the food processing sector with at least 26% equity in the SPVSPVs to bring in at least 20% of the eligible project cost, including the cost of land, as their contribution- 10% in case of Difficult, hilly & ITDP notified areasEligible project cost- total project cost minus cost of land, pre-operative expenses and MMWC. Interest during Construction (IDC), a part of pre-operative expenses, shall be considered under eligible project cost.
17 SPV..Contd. ..Combined net worth of the shareholders of the SPV should not be less than Rs. 50 Cr- Food Processor should have at least Rs. 10 Cr of net worthEach member in the SPV must have a net worth of 1.5 times of their proposed equity contribution to ensure requisite contribution for the projectGovernment agencies may also become shareholders in SPV, with maximum equity of 26% so as to ensure private sector character of the SPV
18 Salient Features of the Scheme.. Contd. Grant Assistance for creation of common infrastructure facilities and setting up of processing unitsTypical Project Cost envisaged – Rs Cr to Rs Cr.Assistance from Ministry-50% of the eligible project cost limited to Rs crore in general areas75% of eligible project cost limited to Rs crore in difficult & hilly areas and ITDP notified areasCost of land, pre-operative expenses and margin money for working capital not eligible for grant under the SchemeThe eligible project cost- total project cost minus cost of land, pre-operative expenses and margin money for working capital. However, Interest during Construction (IDC) is a part of pre-operative expenses and shall be considered under eligible project cost.
19 Eligible Project Components in MFP Core Processing FacilitiesPrimary Processing Centers: Sorting and grading, dry warehouses, cold stores including pre-cooling, reefer vans, mobile pre-coolers and collection vans etcCentral Processing Center: Sorting and grading, Packaging, Dry warehouses, Specialized storage facilities, Pre-cooling and Ripening chambers etc, IQF, Cold chain infrastructure, Irradiation facilities, Steam generation & sterilization units, Food incubation-cum-development centers, QC Lab etc.At least 35% of the eligible project cost shall be towards creation of above mentioned facilities
20 Project Components in MFP.. Contd. Factory BuildingsProvision For MSEs – A maximum of 10% of total allotable area for setting up Standard Design Factory Sheds for MSEsEnabling Basic InfrastructureRoads, drainage, water supply, electricity supply including captive power plant, ETP & STP, weighbridges etcNon –core InfrastructureAdmin buildings, training centers, canteen, workers hostel, trade/display center etc: Cost of non-core infrastructure facilities, not exceeding 10% of the eligible project cost, would be eligible for grant purpose
21 Investment Opportunities- Mega Food Parks Investment through Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) in the Mega Food parksOpportunities to join project specific SPV as co-promoter/s: Investment in the form of equity participation15 projects taken up in 1st and 2nd Phases and 15 projects in the 3rd phase (status detailed in later slides)As partners in SPV, the members, collectively, would be responsible for development, implementation and management of common facilities to be created in the Project100 percent FDI is permitted in Food Processing Sector: A USPThe MFP would have plots of varying sizes that FP companies can take on lease and make use of the common facilities to manufacture processed food
22 Investment Opportunities.. Contd. Investment in the Processing Units in the Mega Food Parks13 Mega Food Parks under implementation– each Park shall provide developed infrastructure for setting up about 25 to 30 processing units leading to a total of about units17 more projects in the pipeline for approval- Shall provide for setting up of over 400 unitsGiven leverage of investment envisaged, these 30 Parks expected to have a combined investment of over Rs crore.Overall, the 30 Mega Food Parks shall provide for setting up of about food processing including ancillary unitsA unique opportunity for investors, including foreign investors, keen to engage in/enter the food processing sector
23 Proposed Pattern of Assistance During 12th Plan Mega Food ParksGeneral Areas35% of eligible project cost subject to a maximum of Rs. 25 crore per project .Interest 6% per annum subject to a maximum of Rs. 10 crore per project.Difficult Areas50% of eligible project cost subject to a maximum of Rs. 25 crore per project.Interest 7% per annum subject to a maximum of Rs. 15 crore per project
24 Proposed Pattern of Assistance During 12th Plan Mini Food ParksGeneral Areas35% of eligible project cost subject to a maximum of Rs. 15 crore per project .Interest 6% per annum subject to a maximum of Rs. 6 crore per project.Difficult Areas50% of eligible project cost subject to a maximum of Rs. 15 crore per project.Interest 7% per annum subject to a maximum of Rs. 9 crore per project
26 Current Status of Projects 11th Plan proposed for setting up of 30 Mega Food Park Projects :-10 projects approved by CCEA in05 projects approved by CCEA in15 projects approved by CCEA in
27 Current Status of Projects Out of 30 projects, Final Approval has been accorded to 13 projectsOut of these 13 projects, 7 (Punjab, Assam, West Bengal, Tripura, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka) are at advanced stages and rest are at different stages of implementation.15 projects have been accorded “In-principle” approval in the month of September, 2012 whereas two projects accorded “In-principle” approval earlier are yet to complete formalities for final approval
28 Location of Mega Food Parks Projects accorded Final approvalProjects accorded In-principle Approval (1st & 2nd Phase)Projects accorded In-principle Approval (3rd Phase)
29 The National Mission on Food Processing The Ministry has launched “National Mission on Food Processing” (NMFP) w.e.f. 1st April, 2012 in cooperation with State Governments during 12th Five Year Plan.This is aimed at ensuring better outreach of various schemes / programmes of the Ministry and provide more flexibility to suit local needs.Applications are being received and processed by the State Governments
30 Schemes covered under the Mission (NMFP) Scheme for technology up-gradation, setting up/modernization/expansion of food processing industriesScheme for Modernization of AbattoirsScheme for Human Resource DevelopmentScheme for Promotional ActivitiesCold chain projects for non-horticultural products
31 Objectives of NMFPTo propagate significance of food processing for enhancing agricultural productivity and farmers income in the CountryTo assist the State Govts. in creating requisite synergy between their agricultural plans and development of food processing sectorTo assist the State Governments in addressing both institutional and infrastructural gaps along the Value Chains and thus create efficient Supply Chains for agricultural producesTo promote initiatives for skill development, training and entrepreneurshipTo assist MSMEs in setting up/modernization of processing unitsTo assist food processing industry to meet requisite standards in terms of food safety laws and market demand, both domestic and international
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