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Presentation on theme: "ACCREDITATION IN FOOD SECTOR Emerging Scenario"— Presentation transcript:

Anil Jauhri Director (NABCB) QUALITY COUNCIL OF INDIA New Delhi

International trade governed by WTO agreements Rules for Standards and Conformity laid down in TBT/SPS agreements Regulations on health and safety grounds – Food sector highly regulated – standards enforced by law – product requirements, system approach – GMP/GHP/HACCP Voluntary regime – ISO 9000/22000, number of retail driven initiatives in Europe/USA – BRC, IFS, SQF, GFSI etc Indian food industry to prepare for both

3 IMPLICATIONS Common to both regimes - Requirements (Regulations/standards) prescribed –to be complied with – need for checking compliance Checking compliance to prescribed standards – conformity assessment – inspection, testing, certification Confidence in conformity assessment International acceptability for facilitating trade - Need for recognition of inspection/testing/ certification across borders Accomplished through accreditation

4 WTO AGREEMENTS SPS Agreement - Equivalence-allows use of different standards & different inspection methods for same level of protection-encourages members to enter into bilateral/multilateral recognition agreements (Article 4) TBT Agreement - Mutual recognition of conformity assessment in other countries – Accreditation (Article 6)

“Members shall ensure, whenever possible, that results of conformity assessment procedures in other Members are accepted…adequate and enduring technical competence of the relevant conformity assessment bodies in the exporting Member, so that confidence in the continued reliability of their conformity assessment results can exist; in this regard, verified compliance, for instance through accreditation, with relevant guides or recommendations issued by international standardizing bodies shall be taken into account as an indication of adequate technical competence” Article 6

6 ACCREDITATION Third-party attestation related to a conformity assessment body conveying formal demonstration of its competence to carry out specific conformity assessment tasks – ISO 17000 Conformity assessment bodies – Certification bodies/ Inspection bodies/Labs QCI – responsible for national accreditation structure International Accreditation Forum (IAF) – Pacific Accreditation Cooperation (PAC) - NABCB member from India International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC) – Asia Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (APLAC) - NABL member from India Basis of accreditation – generally international standards on conformity assessment developed by ISO/ IAF or ILAC guidance documents

ISO CASCO - ISO's policy development committee on conformity assessment ISO Requirements for Management Systems CBs ISO Requirements for CBs for FSMS - basis for operation of CBs as well as their accreditation – cross refers to ISO 17021 ISO Requirements for Testing labs ISO Guide 65 Requirements for Product CBs – covers Products, Process or Service certification ISO Requirements for Inspection Bodies

8 CODEX STANDARDS Codex Committee on Food Inspection & Certification (CCFICS) CAC/GL 20 Principles for Food Import and Export Certification and Inspection CAC/GL 26 Design, Operation, Assessment and Accreditation of Food Import and Export Inspection and Certification Systems CAC/GL 27 Guidelines for the Assessment of the Competence of Testing Laboratories Involved in the Import and Export Control of Foods CAC/GL 28 Food Control Laboratory Management: Recommendations CAC/GL 34 Judgement of Equivalence Agreements Regarding Food Imports and Export Inspection and Certification Systems New subject – National Food Control Systems

9 EMERGING REGIME Regulatory regime – Regulatory bodies increasingly seeking accredited CABs – more prevalent in non-food sectors – growing in food - e.g. HACCP accreditation in Australia on Victorian Meat Authority’s request in 1997 – UK DEFRA to use accredited micro labs Voluntary standards – market driven - ISO 9001, ISO generally retail industry driven – Globalgap, GFSI, SQF – prescribe accreditation to international standards as requirement for CBs and Labs EC Regulation – legislation on accreditation in July 2008 – wef 1 Jan 2010 – single national accreditation body – impact worldwide

10 Emerging Structure Government
(to enact legislation) Regulatory Bodies – may be sector specific like Food, Drugs (to enforce the law) Accreditation Body (technical competence of CABs) Conformity Assessment Bodies (CABs) (support regulation – voluntary certification/quality assurance) Manufacturers and Service providers Common man – recipient of goods and services

11 INDIAN SCENARIO Integrated food law – FSSA, 2006
Prescribes NABL accreditation for food labs (Section 43) Provision for food safety audit agencies (Section 44) To use NABCB accredited bodies for MMPO Cognizance of voluntary certification – draft licensing rules QCI framing regulations for notifying testing/ referral labs - recognizing certification/ inspection bodies based on accreditation Voluntary initiatives – CWG initiative for eateries – NABCB accredited certification bodies – currently 3 CBs approved

Financial assistance DCSSI – subsidy for ISO 9000/14000/ NABCB accreditation; APEDA – CBs for HACCP to be NABCB accredited for ISO 22000 MFPI – financial assistance for HACCP implementation – NABCB accredited certification Others UNWFP – suppliers to have ISO certificate from NABCB accredited CBs

13 ABOUT QCI Established in 1997 by a Cabinet decision – in partnership with CII, FICCI, ASSOCHAM Autonomous body – regd as society - Chairman appointed by PM (Ratan Tata, Venu Srinivasan, Dr. R.A.Mashelkar) Provide accreditation structure in the country Spread quality movement in India – assigned National Quality Campaign funded by Govt Provide right and unbiased information on quality & related standards Represent India’s interest in international fora Help establish brand equity of Indian products and services

14 STRUCTURE OF QCI National Accreditation Board for Certification Bodies (NABCB) – inspection/certification bodies National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL) – currently society under DST – testing/calibration/medical labs National Accreditation Board for Education and Training (NABET) – auditors/consultants/training programmes National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare providers (NABH) – hospitals, blood banks, National Board for Quality Promotion (NBQP) Quality Information and Enquiry Service

Accreditation Bodies to comply with ISO – Peer Assessment – signatory to MRAs NABCB - Signed PAC MLA for QMS – Aug 2002;IAF MLA for QMS – Sept Signed PAC MLA for EMS – July IAF MLA for EMS – Oct 2007 NABCB accreditation equivalent worldwide and certificates with NABCB logo acceptable internationally No equivalence yet in FSMS/HACCP certification NABL – signatory to ILAC/APLAC MRAs for Testing and Calibration Labs since 2000; APLAC MRA for medical labs Dec 2008 Sum up – India has world class accreditation infrastructure

Recognition of certification/inspection/ testing by Indian conformity assessment bodies in other countries – NABCB signatory to IAF MLA on QMS certification – NABL signatory to ILAC MLA – certificates/test reports issued by accredited CABs accepted worldwide Reduces risk for government, business and customers - ensures through regular surveillance that Conformity assessment bodies are both independent and competent – ensure AB logo on your certificates Lower cost of accreditation – in turn lower cost of certification/inspection/testing for industry – enhances competitiveness

Quality Council of India 2nd Floor, Institution of Engineers Building 2, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg New Delhi INDIA Tel : /9260/0567/8057 Fax: Website :

18 Thank You .

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