Presentation on theme: "Context Clues and Word Structure"— Presentation transcript:
1Context Clues and Word Structure Ms. ChristophESE ~ Intensive Reading
2Words and Phrases in Context The student selects and uses strategies to understand words and text and to make and confirm inferences from what is read, including interpreting diagrams, graphs, and statistical illustrations. (LA.A.1.4.2)
3You need to be able to do the following: Figure out the meaning of words by using context clues (looking at how the word is being used)Draw conclusions and make inferences (put 2 and 2 together and get 4)Read between the linesUnderstand, analyze, and explain diagrams, graphs, and other illustrations
4Sample Question: Context Clues Today the provisions of the Geneva Treaty, which have been amendedand expanded several times, are more commonly known as the GenevaConventions. They provide rules about the treatment of prisoners of war,civilians, hospitals and medical transports, as well as members of the armedforces.What does the word Conventions mean in this excerpt from the article on the Geneva Treaty?a. Established customs or traditionsb. Groups of people assembling togetherc. International agreements on specific subjectsd. Members of an organization conducting business
5What is a context clue?Text that surrounds a word and gives a hint to its meaning.Examples
6Description Description: explains what the word is like. The path to the Dead Place was torturous. Itwound through forests and zigzaggedthrough narrow valleys.
7ComparisonComparison: likens an idea/word to what is already known (“like” and “as” are signal words)Those summer days stayed in his memoryindelibly, like pictures carved in stone.
8ContrastContrast: Shows the difference between one word and the idea expressed by another word (“although,” “but,” “however,” and “yet” are signal words)She sat mesmerized by the teacher’s lecture,but moved on to her next class once the bellrang.
9Cause and EffectCause and effect: meaning of a word is found by discovering the effect of its action (“because,” “since,” “therefore,” and “consequently” are signal words)People began a boycott of the city bussystem, therefore the buses traveled emptywhile many people walked to work.
10InferenceInference: the main idea of a passage helps determine a word’s meaningThere was the shriek of a door being tornfrom its hinges. Screams and barking cries ofconsternation came from the television set. Thephotograph of Harrison Bergeron on the screenjumped again and again, as though dancing to thetune of an earthquake.
11AppositiveAppositive: word or a phrase that is placed next to another word in order to explain or define it.The pilot calibrated the knobs on theinstrument panel, making small adjustmentsuntil the plane was level.
12ExampleExample: providing a model or sample of an unfamiliar word to help determine its meaningHer speech was indecipherable. (For example) Noone could understand what she said.
13Biped = an animal with two feet Word StructureStructure: using the parts of a word to understand its meaningBiped = an animal with two feet(bi = two, ped= foot)
14The basic parts of words are: (The structure of a word = how a word is built) Prefix: can be considered a syllable that is attached to the beginning of the word that changes the meaning of the word.Root or base: Refers to the essential part of the word and is where derives its meaning.Suffix: A letter or letters added to the end of the word that can change its tense.