Presentation on theme: "History of Suffrage Suffrage – right to vote (Franchise) 1776: Male White Over age 21 Land Owning Literate Passed Religious test Paid Tax."— Presentation transcript:
History of Suffrage Suffrage – right to vote (Franchise) 1776: Male White Over age 21 Land Owning Literate Passed Religious test Paid Tax 2011: Male/Female All Races Over age 18 No ownership qualifications No tests, etc.
History of Suffrage 1810: most religious tests, property requirements had been eliminated After Civil War 13 th Amendment outlawed slavery 14 th gave citizenship rights to former slaves 15 th outlawed denying right to vote based on race NOT enforced Voting Discrimination Poll Taxes & Literacy tests
History of Suffrage 1920 19 th Prohibited denying right to vote based on gender 1960’s 23 rd Amendment – Residents of DC granted right to vote for President 24 th – outlawed poll taxes 1970’s 26 th – Voting age lowered to 18 Vietnam War
Voter Participation Who can vote? Citizens of the United States Legal residents of the state they will vote in At least 18 years old States have restricted the voting rights of Mentally incompetent Convicted of serious crimes Dishonorably Discharged from Military Can restrict, as long as it doesn’t contradict Constitution
Voter Participation In November ‘08, only 56.8% of eligible people voted in the Presidential election Participation is even lower for off-year elections Off year – Congressional elections held between Presidential elections Idiotes – non-voter in Ancient Greece
Voter Participation Why do people not vote? Inconvenience, long lines, etc. Don’t believe their vote will make a difference Distrust of politics or candidates Bad weather on voting day Misunderstanding voter registration requirements Voter apathy “Time-Zone Fallout”
Voter Participation People are more likely to vote: The older the individual gets The more education the individual earns The more money the individual makes In Presidential election years When the race is very close & highly contested