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Orchestrating A Career for Leadership Angela Barron McBride Distinguished Professor-Dean Emerita Indiana University School of Nursing.

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Presentation on theme: "Orchestrating A Career for Leadership Angela Barron McBride Distinguished Professor-Dean Emerita Indiana University School of Nursing."— Presentation transcript:


2 Orchestrating A Career for Leadership Angela Barron McBride Distinguished Professor-Dean Emerita Indiana University School of Nursing

3 Overview of Presentation Developing leadership Leadership=full career Five career stages and mentoring needed at each stage Final thoughts

4 Developing Leadership Leadership as personal qualitiesself- aware, creative, resilient, responsive, analytic, values-driven Leadership as goal attainment interpersonal and communication effectiveness, resource development Leadership as transformationalstrategic vision, innovation, altering organizational realities

5 Nursing Leadership ……a process whereby the leader (either emergent or formally designated) catalyzes/inspires others to achieve shared values and goals in an environment where the meanings of health and aging are evolving, thus the need to design new ways of doing things……

6 Leadership and Research: The Overlap ……clear statement of problem, team building, understanding the demands of the larger environment, thinking in a fresh way about issues, strategizing, designing processes to achieve goals, obtaining resources, evaluating outcomes, and using any successes in furtherance of the next round of goals……

7 Leadership=Career Development Benner, P. (1984). From novice to expert. Menlo Park, CA: Addison-Wesley. Care, N. S. (1984). Career choice. Ethics, 94, 283-302. Dalton, G. W., Thompson, P.H., & Price, R. L. (1977). The four stages of professional careers: A new look at performance by professionals. Organizational Dynamics, 6, 19-42

8 Five Career Stages Preparation PI Stage Development of Home Setting Development of Science Gadfly (Wise Person) Period

9 Career Steps: From Novice to Expert Center Grants (P30, P50, P60) Research Training Grants (R37, T32) Research Project Grant (R01) Planning or Exploratory Award (R21) Mentored Career Awards (K01, K08, K23) Small Pilot Grant (R03) Post-Doc (F32) Pre-Doc. (F31) developed by Dr. Taylor Harden Expert Novice

10 Stage I. PREPARATION Central Activity: Learning Primary Relationship: Student, Teaching/Research Assistant Major Theme: Assimilating values, knowledge base, and inquiry skills important to specialty and to development of excellence

11 PREPARATION Obtain formal education (undergraduate, graduate, postdoctoral research training) and appropriate additional credentials Seek socialization experiences, including joining professional organizations and working as a teaching and/or research assistant

12 Develop the habits of precision (e.g., time management, bookmarking internet sites, organizing files and lists of contacts) Attend to information technology (IT) learning needs Learn to network Observe/analyze the successful, and seek their mentoring

13 Find workable strategies for personal stress management, so you can manage the long run Begin to build CV with validating outcomes, e.g., funding, refereed presentations and publications, honors, committee service Honestly analyze strengths and limitations

14 Stage I Mentoring Model values and practices Encourage problem solving Help set short-term and career goals Connect to resources Guide to experiences that build skills and expand vision Welcome to profession and identity as a scholar/leader

15 Stage II. PI STAGE Central Activity: Moving from fledgling to competence Primary Relationship: Colleague Major Theme: Dealing with the inevitable gap between ideals learned and the realities of work setting

16 PI STAGE Establish program of scholarship Build collegial network, clinical connections, and research team Develop as master teacher (developing NLNs Certified Nurse Educator competencies) Take full advantage of strengths, opportunities, and aspirations of home setting Join discourse community of field as first author and peer reviewer

17 Obtain needed resources, e.g., RWJFs Nurse Faculty Scholar Program Figure out how to turn all investments into outcomes and to juggle tripartite academic mission Participate in governance Learn anew to give and get criticism Learn to articulate the meaning of your work in a range of groups Mentor less experienced/educated

18 Stage II Mentoring Help navigate inner workings of institution Open doors of opportunity Direct to resources Facilitate networking Provide feedback so teaching and research improve Keep focus on meeting institutional benchmarks of success

19 Stage III. DEVELOPMENT OF HOME SETTING Central Activity: Facilitating home institution while moving from competence to expertise Primary Relationship: Mentor, Committee Chair, Administrator, Supervisor Major Theme: Assuming responsibility for development of others and of setting

20 DEVELOPMENT OF HOME SETTING Expand purview of own work, e.g., establishing multi-site and/or multidisciplinary collaborations Learn to juggle multiple grants Develop junior colleagues Lead curriculum and program initiatives

21 Engage in strategic planning Build home settings infrastructure, resources, and image Develop political savvy and a tolerance for ambiguity Serve as advisor/officer in organizations Obtain additional leadership training, e.g., RWJF Executive Nurse Fellowship

22 Stage III Mentoring Ask clarifying questions Share successes, failures, tips Provide feedback regarding strategy and tactics Suggest possible next steps Discuss how to improve mentoring Help person make best use of others Nominate for local/regional honors

23 Stage IV. DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE Central Activity: Shaping health care, profession, specialty Primary Relationship: Leader, Board Member, Administrator Major Theme: Exercising power of authority and creating a vision for the future

24 DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE Consult in area of expertise Articulate research agenda of specialty/field Participate in consensus endeavors Influence translation of research to practice and policy Work with other fields to achieve common goals

25 Build professions and/or specialtys infrastructure, resources, and image Establish reputation/legacy, e.g., new programs within a professional association Leadership in interdisciplinary efforts and organizations Prepare successor generations Consider positions beyond discipline- specific; prepare for that leadership

26 Stage IV Mentoring Provide tips on effective board behavior Recommend for opportunities Expand vision Help strategize Sponsor for national and international honors

27 Stage V. GADFLY Wise Person PERIOD Central Activity: Continue to shape health care and profession Primary Relationship: Coach, Leader, Board Member Major Theme: Exercising power of authority when no longer constrained by institutional obligations


29 GADFLY PERIOD Serve as a consultant to regional, national, and/or international efforts and organizations Speak and write provocatively about issues of the day, so as to push dialogue and challenge to new ways of thinking Expand appreciation for complexity of human condition

30 Function as a wise, affirming (wo)man, e.g., recommending colleagues for honors/special experiences Take on special projects that require synthesizing skills and high-level integrative abilities Coach todays leaders

31 Stage V Mentoring Assist in envisioning post-retirement opportunities Discuss how to help todays leaders Sponsor for national and international honors

32 Final Thoughts Preparation for interdisciplinary leadership increasingly important We live each day suspended between maximizing strengths/opportunities and ruminating about limitations/ problems; focusing on the former will energize while focusing on the latter will drain

33 CAREER Career résumé lines, but more than a long list. Whats core is the sum total of meaning. Mentored, then mentoring. The challenge is to give away self as you build substance in place. ABM

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