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Ada Woo, PhD Senior Psychometrician, NCSBN

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1 Ada Woo, PhD Senior Psychometrician, NCSBN
Medication Aide Certification Examination (MACE™) and Standard Setting Process Ada Woo, PhD Senior Psychometrician, NCSBN

2 Outline Overview of test development process MACE item development
2010 national MACE standard setting 2010 medication aide job analysis 2011 medication aide knowledge survey

3 MACE Test Development Process
Job Analysis Content Outline Item Writing and Item Review Subject Matter Expert (SME) Panel Review Editorial Review Building Test Forms Setting the Passing Standard Pretesting of Items Administering Examinations

4 NCSBN and MACE: Historical Background
At the 2005 NCSBN Delegate Assembly, following a motion from the floor, the delegates passed the resolution to investigate the possibility of a competency examination for medication assistive personnel. In 2007, the delegates adopted the Medication Assistant-Certified (MA-C) Model Curriculum.

5 MA-C Model Curriculum Provide the boards with a curriculum for
MA-Cs that will assist the boards in their mission of public protection Allow for uniformity in MA-C education across boards and other regulating agencies Consist of 60 hours of didactic training and 40 hours of supervised clinical practicum Content modules comprising the didactic portion are provided in five modules, including recommended times for each

6 MACE Test Development In August 2008, NCSBN acquired exclusive ownership of the MACE examination. NCSBN is responsible for the development of MACE content. Two MACE item writing and review workshops were conducted during May and May 19-21, 2009 in NCSBN offices. Fifteen subject matter experts (SMEs) representing six states and a wide range of expertise participated in the workshops.

7 Participants from May 12 – 14, 2009 meeting
Name NCSBN Area State Job Title Julie Bucher, RN I OR Program Director Bernadette Murphy, MBA, BSN, RN Nurse Educator Nancy Stephen, RN Nurse Manager Anne Citarella, RN II IA Assistant Professor Victor Palmer, RN Assistant Program Manager for Allied Health and Long-Term Care Mary Jameson, RN MO Staff RN/CNA-CMT-CPR-Insulin Instructor Jill Layne, BSN Director of Nursing Mary Stassi, RNC Health Occupations Coordinator Penny Worthley, RN,C, LNHA Staff Education Coordinator Avril Marshall, BA, RN IV DC Instructor Dorothy Kritsch, BSN, RN, NJ Professional Service Rep.

8 Participants from May 19 – 21, 2009 meeting
Name NCSBN Area State Job Title Lisa Bare, RN III NC Assistant Director of Nursing Bethany Davis, BSN, RN Nursing Instructor Lynn Thorpe, MSN, RN Competency Evaluator/examiner for nurse aide candidates

9 Procedures of Item Writing and Review Meetings/Workshops
SMEs discussed a proposed content outline constructed based on the requirement listed in MA-C Model Curriculum. After adopting the content outline, the SMEs established weights/percentages for each content category. SMEs reviewed items administered on recent MACE test forms based on item statistics. In all, 180 items were identified for review. SMEs reviewed items for accuracy and appropriateness of entry-level medication aide range of authorized duties.

10 MACE™ Item Writing and Review--Summary of Activity
Workshop Outcome MACE™ Item Writing and Review--Summary of Activity Item disposition Total items written/reviewed Approved for pretest Future rewrites Activity at Meeting Newly written (total number) 91 Newly written approved for pretest 52 Client specific items with stats 180 Client specific items approved for pretest 57 Items identified as problematic 14 Total Items Approved for Pretest 109 Total Items Reviewed 271

11 MACE Content Outline I. Authorized Duties A. Building Relationships
B. Role of Delegating/Supervising Nurse C. Role of MA-C 1. Permitted Duties 2. Restrictions/Limitations D. The Process of Delegation 1. Responsibility of MA-C When Accepting Delegation Tasks E. Specific Legal and Ethical Issues

12 (con’t) MACE Content Outline
II. Medication Administration A. Administering and Charting Medications 1. Medication Orders 2. Documentation of Medication Administration 3. Storage 4. Disposal B. Safety and Rights of Medication Administration C. Preparation and Actual Medication Administration D. Prevention of Medication Errors E. Routes of Administration F. Factors Affecting How the Body Uses Medication G. Classifications/Categories of Medications Related to Body Systems and Actions (e.g., antimicrobials, cardiovascular, dermatological, endocrine…) H. Rights of Individuals

13 (con’t) MACE Content Outline
III. Medication Concepts and Measurements A. Medication Basics 1. Terminology and abbreviations 2. Dosage Range 3. Actions and Implications 4. Therapeutic and other side effects (e.g. idiosyncratic, paradoxical, antagonist) 5. Precautions 6. Allergic and Adverse Reactions 7. Interactions B. Forms of Medication 1. Liquid 2. Solid and semi-solids C. Mathematics, Weights and Measures

14 (con’t) MACE Content Outline
IV. Observation, Care and Reporting A. Causes and Reporting of Medication Errors B. Reporting of Symptoms and Side Effects C. Reporting Any Change From Client’s Normal Condition D. Location of Resources and References (e.g., nurse, pharmacist, physician, package/drug insert, drug reference manuals)

15 National MACE Standard Setting
The purpose is to determine a passing score for the National MACE examination in compliance with the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing Used criterion-referenced standard setting method Used modified-Angoff procedures Used two test forms (total of 78 unique items)

16 Subject Matter Experts
SME Area State Work Setting Bernadette Murphy, MBA, BSN, RN I OR State Hospital Nancy Stephen, RN Jill Layne, BSN, RN II MO Continuing Care Retirement Community (CCRC) TyAnn Bell, CNA, CMT CCRC Victor Palmer, RN IA Community College Lynn Thorpe, MSN, RN III NC Competency Evaluation Martha Holloway, MS, RN AL Public Schools Jeanne Delicata, MSN, RN, ACNS, BC IV ME Veterans Home Lynn Johnston, MS, BSN, RN Maryann Ingram, LPN MD Nursing Home

17 Standard Setting Procedures
Received overview of standard setting process Discussed qualifications for taking the MACE examination and define minimally competent candidates Reviewed content outline Received standard setting training Rated practice items Reviewed and discussed practice item ratings Rated first batch of actual items Rated remaining items Discussed results from round 1 ratings Conducted round 2 ratings

18 Raw Cut-score (50 item test) Intraclass Rating Reliability
Results Form and Round % Cut-score Raw Cut-score (50 item test) Standard Deviation Intraclass Rating Reliability Form 1 Round 1 77.94% 38.97 (39) 2.71 0.74 Form 2 Round 1 77.31% 38.66 (39) 2.45 0.70 Form 1 Round 2 79.45% 39.77 (40) 3.12 0.77 Form 2 Round 2 78.94% 39.47 (40) 3.17 0.75 Ratings became more consistent among judges from round 1 to round 2. Judges unanimously agreed that the national MACE passing standard should be set at 40 (out of 50) for 2010 national MACE test forms.

19 Post-Workshop Questionnaire
Question 1: I feel the training was adequate. Average rating: 3.73 Question 2: I understood the definition of a “minimally competent examinee”. Average rating : 3.73 Question 3: I understood the rating process. Average rating : 3.82 Question 4: I feel my opinion was considered. Average rating : 3.91 Question 5: The practice exercises helped me understand the process. Rating scale: 1 = strongly disagree 2 = disagree 3 = agree 4 = strongly agree

20 Some Feedback from SMEs
Staff was wonderful about explaining the process of standard setting. It was a great experience. Great experience. The exercise validated the process of the cut score. This was a wonderful opportunity to be able to participate in this workshop. I look forward to participating again soon in other projects. From a state evaluator’s and nurse educators perspective, the workshop was relevant in understanding the concepts and dynamics involved in establishing a minimum for safe medication administration of entry level certified medication aides.

21 (con’t) SME Feedback Excellent process of standard setting! Everyone’s opinion was valued and respected. Thorough explanations. It was a great process! Invite me back! Thank you for allowing me to participate in this process. I see and better understand how the NCSBN works to keep the public safe. I enjoyed the experience and feel the process was very fair and accurate. Very informative and enjoyable! Staff was most helpful. Thanks for the opportunity.

22 2010 Medication Aide Job Analysis Proposed Timeline and Next Steps
October 2010 – August 2011 1. Develop methodology plan 2. Host SME workshop 3. Develop surveys and correspondence 4. Mail pre-survey notice and surveys 5. Collect data 6. Analyze data 7. Conduct nonresponder study 8. Finalize report 9. Publish research brief 10. Host SME Test Specification workshop

23 2010 Medication Aide Knowledge Survey Proposed Timeline and Next Steps
April 2011 – November 2011 1. Develop methodology plan 2. Host SME workshop 3. Develop surveys and correspondence 4. Mail pre-survey notice and surveys 5. Collect data 6. Analyze data 7. Conduct nonresponder study 8. Finalize report 9. Publish research brief

24 How you can assist in the 2010 Medication Aide Surveys
No National Registry Challenges in obtaining mailing addresses for a nationally representative sample Examples from other nursing survey studies: Nurse Aide 2010 JA and KSA Surveys – Randomly selected 6,500 nursing directors from hospitals, nursing homes and long term care facilities based on a facility mailing list NCLEX-RN 2008 practice analysis – Randomly sampled 6,000 NCLEX-RN candidates who passed the examination from January 1 to April 13, 2008.

25 MACE Publications MACE Item Writing and Review Workshop Report - https://www.ncsbn.org/MACE_Item_Writing_Workshop_Report.pdf MACE Standard Setting Workshop Report - https://www.ncsbn.org/Standard_Setting_Report_for_MACE.pdf Medication Assistant-Certified (MA-C) Model Curriculum - https://www.ncsbn.org/07_Final_MAC.pdf Quick Reference to MA-C Model Curriculum - https://www.ncsbn.org/07_new_MACChecklist.pdf

26 Thank You!


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