Presentation on theme: "KEY CONCEPT Cell cycle regulation is necessary for healthy growth."— Presentation transcript:
1 KEY CONCEPT Cell cycle regulation is necessary for healthy growth.
2 Internal factorskinases change the activity of other molecules by adding a phosphate groupcyclins –are rapidly made and destroyed at different points of the cell cycle. This helps cells advance to different stages of the cells cycle.External factorscell to cell contactgrowth factors which stimulate internal factors that affect the cell cycle (cell division)
3 Internal and external factors regulate cell division. External factors include physical and chemical signals.Growth factors are proteins that stimulate cell division.Most mammal cells form a single layer in a culture dish and stop dividing once they touch other cells.
4 Carcinogens are substances known to promote cancer. Ex. Air pollution, tobacco smoke, mutated genes carried by viruses.Standard cancer treatments typically kill both cancerous and healthy cells.
5 Cancer cells do not carry out necessary functions. Cancer cells come from normal cells with damage to genes involved in cell-cycle regulation.
6 Cell division is uncontrolled in cancer. Cancer cells form disorganized clumps called tumors-disorganized clumps of cancer cells that do not carry out normal functionsBenign tumors remain clustered and can be removed.Malignant tumors metastasize, or break away, and can form more tumors.cancer cellbloodstreamnormal cell
7 Apoptosis is programmed cell death. a normal feature of healthy organismscaused by a cell’s production of self-destructive enzymes1.occurs in development of infants2.Helps rid thebody ofunhealthy cellswebbed fingers