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Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Vocational Education in the UAE: Challenges, Opportunities & Strategies Skills for Employability Advisory.

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Presentation on theme: "Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Vocational Education in the UAE: Challenges, Opportunities & Strategies Skills for Employability Advisory."— Presentation transcript:

1 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Vocational Education in the UAE: Challenges, Opportunities & Strategies Skills for Employability Advisory Group Meeting Dr. Naji Al Mahdi Executive Director National Institute for Vocational Education (NIVE) October 2009 1

2 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية The National Institute for Vocational Education (NIVE) is an initiative of the Knowledge and Human Development Authority (KHDA) of Dubai. NIVE aims to provide flexible, high quality, world-class vocational education, benchmarked against professional standards that meets the current and future needs of stakeholders, government, the community, employers and individuals in the UAE and the Gulf region. The National Institute of Vocational Education (NIVE) 2

3 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية NIVE is a co-ed institution that provides education for all including students with special needs NIVE is currently accredited by BTEC and offers FD, ND and HND programmes in Business, Banking, IT, Health and Safety, and Jewellery Business Management. NIVE operates on a demand led business model where programmes are negotiated with sponsors from government, business and industry. The majority of students are recruited into organisations before the start of their programmes. The National Institute of Vocational Education (NIVE) 3

4 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Dubai Strategic Plan 2015 KHDA Strategic Plan Needs of Business and Industry Aspiration of Students The Education Sector NIVE Drivers 4

5 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية In Dubais Strategic Plan GDP is forecast to grow at 11% annually to 2015 Post 2015 growth is projected to be led by the service sector Note: Source: Dubai Statistical Centre Annual Yearbook, 2005 GDP Growth by Industry, (05 – 20) Dubai Economic Position & Projections 5

6 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Note: Source: Dubai Statistics Centre, Dubai Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Parthenon analysis Population is projected to more than double by 2020 The white collar segment is projected to grow at ~7% Population Growth by Type, (05 – 20) Dubai Demographics Population Projections 6

7 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Note: Industry growth rates pegged based on Dubai Strategy Document. Growth biased towards service sector post 2010. Growth accounts for both blue collar as well as white collar workers. Source: Dubai Statistics Centre, Dubai Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Parthenon analysis Workforce Growth by Industry, (05 – 20) The workforce is set to more that double by 2020 The highest growth rates are projected in service sectors such as Finance and Real Estate Workforce Growth Industry Manpower Projections 7

8 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية At current tertiary level enrollment rates 25K Emirati students will enter the workforce as skilled white collar workers by 2020 There is a forecasted shortage of 118K white collar workers which will have to be filled by expatriates Note: Emirati tertiary enrolment ratio taken to be 40%, tertiary enrolment age accounted between 20 and 24, inclusive. Current estimates of Knowledge workers includes UAE Nationals employed by the government Source: Dubai Statistics Centre, Dubai Chamber of Commerce and Industry, UNESCO institute for statistics, Parthenon analysis White Collar Workers – Supply and Demand, (05 – 20) Knowledge Workforce Supply and Demand

9 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Labour Market Challenges in the UAE IssuesChallenges Arabic LanguageOften incompatible with labour market needs. Large Youth PopulationPressure on education and labour market for first time job seekers. Education Systems Not outcome-based, lacks benchmarking and progression paths. Large Government Sector offering more benefits More pressure for government or semi-government jobs and little focus on private sector and entrepreneurial activities. Duality of Labour Law Offering more benefits in certain sectors. 9

10 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Labour Market Challenges in the UAE IssuesChallenges Youth UnemploymentNot enough suitable jobs being created at the lower level and education is not enough for high added value jobs. Low Female ParticipationFewer female employment opportunities and education not geared to job opportunities available. Expatriate WorkforceLarge numbers of highly educated expatriate workforce available at lower wages. 10

11 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Challenges to developing Quality VE in UAE IssuesChallenges Negative branding perceived as manual labour, as last resort for low achievers as cul de sac with no progression Outside mainstream education Sets outside the academic system Detached from business and industry Fragmented (in-company, school level, tertiary level, professional development) Poorly funded Outdated focuses on old skills and technologies Supply oriented Misinterpreted in business context 11

12 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Challenges to developing Quality VE in UAE IssueChallenge Unknown Standards Lack of benchmarking Not recognised by HE Lack of vocational qualification framework Limited examples of good vocational education Not linked to practices in business and industry Limited Limited in range Mostly for males Weak Quality Culture System attitude towards quality Intrusive nature of quality Poorly Rewarded Graduates Low paid graduate Lower status graduates 12

13 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Opportunities for developing quality VE in UAE IssueChallenge Applying a Quality ModelVocational framework Linkages with jobs and employers Clear specification of curricula Transparent quality assurance system Benchmarking Re-branding VEIntegrating VE with HE Improving rewards and status of graduates Offering international scholarships to VE graduates Partnering with major employers (including government) National campaigning 13

14 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Opportunities for developing quality VE in UAE IssueChallenge Extending the Range and Levels of VE Offering multi-level programmes Offering programmes across the range of vocation Improving the Intake of VEGreater selectivity of students Offering career guidance Partnering with schools Improving Enabling InputsTeaching and learning (Learning time, Teaching methods, Assessment, feedback, incentives) Teaching and learning materials Physical infrastructure and facilities Human resources ( teachers, principals, verifiers, supervisors and administrators) Institutional governance 14

15 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Opportunities for developing quality VE in UAE IssueChallenge Improving Graduates Characteristics Attributes Attitude Behaviour Knowledge of subject Knowledge of industry Soft skills Job specific skills Work experience 15

16 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Employee Characteristics most difficult to find 16

17 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Employee characteristics to develop most in the next 5 years by country (%) TotalIndia South Africa ChinaUAEBrazil Base : All Recruitment19441403141 Creativity/innovation434630424649 Professional qualifications423948523244 Ability to work in a team39512839 Leadership skills385428452044 Relevant previous experience312938483215 Multi-tasking314428193922 Academic qualifications303243132434 An ability to learn and develop293428322427 Commitment to the role293728292229 Hard working283228292429 Staff management skills2834352324 Client management skills273215352037 Integrity/honesty262920351234 17

18 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Strategies Re-inventing the educational system Alignment of education with future goals and strategies Integration of the whole educational structure Provision of labour market information system Utilisation of international best practice Attracting and retaining highly skilled employees Invigoration of the role of business and industry Creation of quality assurance and vocational framework 18

19 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Strategies Re-inventing the educational system Aligning education with future goals and strategies Integrating the whole educational structure Creating a labour market information system Utilising international best practice Attracting and retaining highly skilled employees Enhancing the role of business and industry Creating quality assurance and vocational framework 19

20 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Strategies Re-inventing the educational system Alignment of education with future goals and strategies Integration of the whole educational structure Provision of labour market information system Utilisation of international best practice Attracting and retaining highly skilled employees Invigoration of the role of business and industry Creation of quality assurance and vocational framework 20

21 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Strategies Re-inventing the educational system Alignment of education with future goals and strategies Integration of the whole educational structure Provision of labour market information system Utilisation of international best practice Attracting and retaining highly skilled employees Invigoration of the role of business and industry Creation of quality assurance and vocational framework 21

22 Building National Competencies نبني المهارات الوطنية Thank You 22


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