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Business training English language London excellence International House London international Systemic Functional Grammar – Can SFG resolve those myths.

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Presentation on theme: "Business training English language London excellence International House London international Systemic Functional Grammar – Can SFG resolve those myths."— Presentation transcript:

1 business training English language London excellence International House London international Systemic Functional Grammar – Can SFG resolve those myths pedagogic grammar perpetuates? Chia Suan Chong Chia.Chong@IHLondon.com

2 business training English language London excellence International House London international Label the parts in this sentence: I cant possibly cover all of Systemic Functional Grammar in half an hour!

3 business training English language London excellence International House London international Did you say: Icantpossiblycoverall of SFGin half an hour. subjectauxiliary modal adverbverbobjectadverbial phrase

4 business training English language London excellence International House London international But if you used the part of speech verb, why not: Parts of speech/ Class label: nouns, verbs, adverbs, determiners etc...do not show the part it plays in a structure. Only functions in pedagogic structures: subjects & objects. Icantpossiblycoverall of SFGin half an hour. pronounaux modaladverbverbnoun phraseadv phrase

5 business training English language London excellence International House London international What is SFG? Grammar: the organisation of language; Chomsky: grammar hard-wired into brain; vs Halliday: Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny; language acquisition is an interplay between nature & nurture; Learning a language is learning how to mean (Halliday, 1975); a child learns structures that reflect the functions required to serve his/her life.

6 business training English language London excellence International House London international What, then, are the functions of language? Hallidays 3 metafunctions Interpersonal metafunction Textual metafunction Experiential metafunction

7 business training English language London excellence International House London international 1. Interpersonal Metafunction: The Clause as Exchange Declaratives Coursebook grammar canconfusestudents. subjectfinitepredicatorcomplement Mood Residue Studentscouldhave beenconfused. subjectpast finitepredicatorcomplement Mood Residue Coursebooksdo notusefunctional labels. subjectnegative finite predicatorcomplement Mood Residue

8 business training English language London excellence International House London international Interrogatives Question tags/Mood tags Imperatives Canwefinda solution? finitesubjectpredicatorcomplement MoodResidue SFGcaninformour teachingcantit? subjectfinitepredicatecomplementfinitesubject MoodResidueMood Tag Thinkabout it! No finiteNo subjectpredicatorcomplement MoodResidue

9 business training English language London excellence International House London international The subject carries the responsibility for the validity of the clause. The finite carries the validity of the proposition. Together, the subject and the finite (the mood) represent the point of view of the speaker while the residue carries the actual content. Manipulating the mood enables us to indicate polarity (negative or positive), indicate time, indicate modality, make interrogatives and imperatives, make question tags

10 business training English language London excellence International House London international In fact, the finite is the core bandied about in exchanges. Boss:You didnt teach the students any real grammar! Chia: Yes, I did! Boss: No, you didnt! Chia:Did! Boss:Didnt!

11 business training English language London excellence International House London international Understanding the mood element,......explains the appearance of the dummy auxiliary do/did. The audiencelooked (did look)at me strangely. subjectpast finitelook predicatorcomplement MoodResidue Didthe audiencelookat you strangely? finitesubjectpredicatorcomplement MoodResidue

12 business training English language London excellence International House London international It also explains the different meanings of......as in you are not allowed to leave;...as in you are allowed not to leave. Youmay notleavethis room. subjectnegative finitepredicatorcomplement MoodResidue Youmaynot leavethis room. subject finitepredicatorcomplement MoodResidue

13 business training English language London excellence International House London international...which perhaps clarifies the difference between... and... Youmustnot leavethis room. subjectfinitepredicatorcomplement MoodResidue Youdon thave to leavethis room. subjectnegative finitepredicatorcomplement MoodResidue

14 business training English language London excellence International House London international Name these tenses and aspects: I am speaking at the IATEFL conference. I am going to be telling them about SFG. When I decided to submit the proposal, I had already talked about this subject many times...at the pub. I will try not to get carried away with the theory. I am going to have irritated a few people by the end of this talk because I will have shaken quite a few beliefs about language.

15 business training English language London excellence International House London international Using SFG, We model ourselves into the past, present or future according to the finite. The predicate gives the point of event as seen from that modelled self indicated by the finite. Thus, I am speaking – present-in-present I am going to be telling – present-in-future I had already talked – past-in-past I am going to have irritated – past-in-future I will have shaken – past-in-future

16 business training English language London excellence International House London international Complete the following with –ing or to-inf. Deny + ______Agree + ______ Enjoy + ______ Hope + ______ Imagine + ______Want + ______ and... Remember + ? ; Hate + ? ; Regret + ? Can you find a rule thats useful for students? Perfective (to-inf): unreal – future, appearance, goal, intentions, proposal; Imperfective (-ing): real – present, reality, happening, action, proposition.

17 business training English language London excellence International House London international Why do we use the passive? Raymond Murphy probably owns an island in the Caribbean. The island in the Caribbean is probably owned by Raymond Murphy.

18 business training English language London excellence International House London international 2. Textual Metafunction: The Clause as Message Raymond Murphyprobablyownsan island in the Caribbean. ThemeRheme Given-------------------------------------------------------------------------------New The island in the Caribbean isprobablyownedby Raymond Murphy ThemeRheme Given-------------------------------------------------------------------------------New

19 business training English language London excellence International House London international What, therefore, is the difference between... I cancelled the meeting. I called the meeting off. And why cant we say, I called off it?

20 business training English language London excellence International House London international Compare: Icancelledthe meeting ThemeRheme Given-----------------------------------------------------New Icancelledthe meeting ThemeRheme Given-----------------------------------------------------New Icalledthe meetingoff. ThemeRheme Given-----------------------------------------------------New

21 business training English language London excellence International House London international Today, happen something really strange. X Reformulation: Today, something really strange happened. How can we leave something really strange in the new position? What happened today was something really strange. The thing that happened today was really strange. Something happened today. It was really strange.

22 business training English language London excellence International House London international 3. Experiential Metafunction: The Clause as Representation Who does what to whom? The clause represents the content of our experiences Grammatical system of transitivity Different functional labels for Participants (realised by nominal groups) Processes (realised by verbal groups) Circumstances (realised by prepositional phrases or adverbials)

23 business training English language London excellence International House London international Material processes (doing & happening) e.g. build, chase, write, etc. Igavethe audience a bribeduring my talk. ActorProcess:materialBeneficiaryGoalCircumstance Igavea bribeto the audienceduring my talk. ActorProcess:materialGoalBeneficiaryCircumstance The audiencewas givena bribeduring my talk. BeneficiaryProcess:materialGoalCircumstance A bribewas givento the audienceduring my talk. GoalProcess:materialBeneficiaryCircumstance

24 business training English language London excellence International House London international Mental processes (sensing) Emotion e.g. like, hate, etc. Cognition e.g. imagine, know, etc. Perception e.g. hear, feel, etc. Desideration e.g. want, desire, etc. Ilovethis audience! SensorProcess: Mental: EmotionPhenomenon

25 business training English language London excellence International House London international Existential processes (introducing) Relational processes (being & having) Verbal Processes with projections The lady in the back rowisgorgeous. CarrierProcess: RelationalAttribute Thereismoneyin my bag for everyone. Process: ExistentialExistentCircumstantial Adjunct Shesaid,Your talkismost intriguing! SayerProcess: Verbal QuotingQuoted

26 business training English language London excellence International House London international Different process types have different basic unmarked forms. e.g. Unmarked present tense for material processes is the present-in-present relational and mental process is present simple. Therefore, I hate theoretical grammars but Im loving this one.

27 business training English language London excellence International House London international Thank you for listening! Chia.Chong@IHLondon.com Twitter: chiasuan


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