Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Applications of corpus analysis in EAP: research, learning, and teaching Martin Hewings The University of Birmingham

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Applications of corpus analysis in EAP: research, learning, and teaching Martin Hewings The University of Birmingham"— Presentation transcript:

1 Applications of corpus analysis in EAP: research, learning, and teaching Martin Hewings The University of Birmingham m.j.hewings@bham.ac.uk

2 Corpus analysis in EAP research Students learning from corpora: Data-driven learning and an alternative Teachers learning from corpora: Classroom applications Outline of talk

3

4 22%

5 Features of 23 JEAP corpus papers Paper types –18 corpus analyses Corpus content –13 writing; 4 speech; one both; journal articles predominant; focus on single soc sci disciplines Corpus types –mainly expert/ published Focus of analysis –mainly particular lexical/ grammatical features

6 JEAP papers Corpus papers

7 Typically… written corpora expert/ published corpora particular (soc sci) disciplines lexical/ grammatical focus

8 Corpus research for EAP Typically… written corpora expert/ published corpora particular (soc sci) disciplines lexical/ grammatical focus Corpus research for EAP: the future? more speech & CMC more learner corpora more sci disciplines/ more comparison greater number of areas of investigation

9 DDL: exposes students to target language forms provides authentic examples provides information beyond dictionary or grammar encourages inductive learning encourages learner autonomy Corpora as resources for learners: data- driven learning (DDL)

10 …an exceptional group of students – highly acculturated into the genres of their discourse communities, mostly on the way to their PhDs, eager to perfect their English, possessing of advanced computer skills, and perfectly comfortable with quantitative data. Lee & Swales (2006): DDL

11 DDL: some reservations lack of evidence to link DDL to language improvement are the outcomes worth the time, effort and money? it doesnt suit all students

12 An example: MBA students use of I Research article (RA) corpus: 120, 000 words MBA corpus: essays, 22,000 words Selecting corpus data for students (as an alternative to DDL)

13 MBA corpus on TV or from magazine, I am in the opinion that service more consumption of fuels. I am almost certain that there world imports composition. I believe services commodities s composition. In the future I believe there will be a new osing a million dollars. So I believe services commodities w ector. As a result of this, I can predict that there will mports appeared. After 1987, I do not think that there was a mports about one third. But I don't think it will grow so er. As a result, therefore, I expect that the countries more than other commodities. I expect service industry will ervices" and is intangible. I feel that the intangible veloped in the next future. I personally see the above idea world. But, before I go on, I should make a point. After ore detail analysis, I think I should take deeper consideratio a long term point of view, I suppose the composition of

14

15 RA corpus uring the estimation period. I also computed Patell's (1976, p. y. The question: When should I buy? has one logical answer: (SVR) metric (in all cases), I choose to present only the result he wall' statements such as 'I don't care how you do it, just do on environment. In addition, I examine several subhypotheses bas Size Test. In this section, I first test the hypothesis of diff y perennial question: should I invest now or wait for the as a long way from reality: 'I just did not want to be part of a ep asking themselves,'How do I know? What evidence is there?' Th y? By information technology I mean the hardware and software, c I were doing this what would I need?' Another useful heuristic r ed per ASR No. 190. That is, I test the hypothesis that inflatio e key questions such as: 'If I were doing this what would I need h domestically and globally. I will, therefore, focus more on th Journals: published writing

16 RA corpus uring the estimation period. I also computed Patell's (1976, p. y. The question: When should I buy? has one logical answer: (SVR) metric (in all cases), I choose to present only the result he wall' statements such as 'I don't care how you do it, just do on environment. In addition, I examine several subhypotheses bas Size Test. In this section, I first test the hypothesis of diff y perennial question: should I invest now or wait for the as a long way from reality: 'I just did not want to be part of a ep asking themselves,'How do I know? What evidence is there?' Th y? By information technology I mean the hardware and software, c I were doing this what would I need?' Another useful heuristic r ed per ASR No. 190. That is, I test the hypothesis that inflatio e key questions such as: 'If I were doing this what would I need h domestically and globally. I will, therefore, focus more on th Journals: published writing

17 RA corpus uring the estimation period. I also computed Patell's (1976, p. y. The question: When should I buy? has one logical answer: (SVR) metric (in all cases), I choose to present only the result he wall' statements such as 'I don't care how you do it, just do on environment. In addition, I examine several subhypotheses bas Size Test. In this section, I first test the hypothesis of diff y perennial question: should I invest now or wait for the as a long way from reality: 'I just did not want to be part of a ep asking themselves,'How do I know? What evidence is there?' Th y? By information technology I mean the hardware and software, c I were doing this what would I need?' Another useful heuristic r ed per ASR No. 190. That is, I test the hypothesis that inflatio e key questions such as: 'If I were doing this what would I need h domestically and globally. I will, therefore, focus more on th Journals: published writing

18 What adverbs come before… ……. similar but not …….different? ……. different but not …..similar? ……. similar or ……… different? Teachers learning from corpora: checking intuitions

19 …similar closely …different radically …similar/ different essentially

20 …similar closely roughly reasonably …different radically totally vastly …similar/ different essentially rather strikingly

21 Teachers learning from corpora: checking intuitions it is [adjective] to-infinitive it is [adjective] that Cambridge Corpus of Academic English (CCAE); about 400 million words of published academic written text (& about 1 million words of speech)

22 Teachers learning from corpora: checking intuitions it is [adjective] to-infinitive48,170 it is [adjective] that24,115

23 it is [adjective] to crucial difficult helpful important necessary possible safe straightforward > 4000 times < 500 times possible 7784 important 5019 difficult 4345 necessary 4103 straightforward 481 crucial 282 helpful 255 safe 194

24 it is [adjective] that clear interesting likely notable possible significant surprising true > 1000 times < 300 times clear 5284 possible 4116 likely 2561 true 1170 significant 257 surprising 251 interesting 235 notable 206

25 Teachers learning from corpora: discovering new information

26 Some nouns have a related adjective ending: -ic base – basic (not basical) -ical astrology – astrological (not astrologic) -ic or –ical analysis – analytic/ analytical

27 analyticanalytical problematicproblematical geographicgeographical technologictechnological

28 analytic9, 721analytical12, 107 problematicproblematical geographicgeographical technologictechnological

29 analytic9, 721analytical12, 107 problematic11, 042problematical551 geographicgeographical technologictechnological

30 analytic9, 721analytical12, 107 problematic11, 042problematical551 geographic4, 403geographical9, 322 technologictechnological

31 analytic9, 721analytical12, 107 problematic11, 042problematical551 geographic4, 403geographical9, 322 technologic47technological8, 750

32 ecological and geographical (rather than ecological and geographic) taxonomic and geographic (rather than taxonomic and geographical) -ic or –ical ?

33 TV and other viewing media are very important in this most technologic era. …in this most technologic technological era. In the early IVF literature, patient experiences of infertility are outlined as negative, requiring a technologic solution. Vast majority from medicine and health technologic or technogical?

34 catastrophic – risk – event Premature discontinuation of antiplatelet therapy markedly increases the risk of stent thrombosis, a catastrophic event that frequently leads to MI and/or death. A final important difference related to the nature of the risk may be that some workplace mortality risks tend to involve sudden, catastrophic events, whereas air pollution-related risks tend to involve longer periods of disease and suffering prior to death. Teachers learning from corpora: finding authentic examples

35 …risk of a catastrophic event such as… (GS= 16) …there is always a risk of …. (GS= 4,670) …such as forest fire… (GS= 616) …such as forest fire or flood (GS= 1) Into the material: There is always a risk of a catastrophic event such as forest fire or flood. The corpus as a source of authentic examples: catastrophic – risk - event

36 From corpus research to teaching materials: on the surface

37

38 From corpus research to teaching materials: below the surface

39

40

41 Applications of corpus analysis in EAP: research, learning, and teaching Martin Hewings The University of Birmingham m.j.hewings@bham.ac.uk


Download ppt "Applications of corpus analysis in EAP: research, learning, and teaching Martin Hewings The University of Birmingham"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google