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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Scotland.

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Presentation on theme: "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Scotland."— Presentation transcript:

1 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Scotland.

2 Symbols When was created the Flag of the UK?
What is the national anthem of the UK? What is Britannia?

3 Symbols It was created by the superimposition of the Flag of England, the Flag of Scotland and Saint Patrick’s Flag in 1801. The national anthem of the United Kingdom is “God Save the King", with "King" replaced with "Queen" in the lyrics whenever the monarch is a woman. Britannia is a national personification of the United Kingdom

4 History When was founded the UK?
When was the formal name of the UK changed to its current name, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland? What was Margaret Thatcher?

5 History On 1 May 1707, the Kingdom of Great Britain was created by the political union of the Kingdom of England (which included Wales ) and the Kingdom of Scotland. In 1927, the formal name of the UK was changed to its current name, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The premiership was Margaret Thatcher.

6 Government and politics
What is the UK? How many houses has the parliament? Who is the Queen of the UK?

7 Government and politics
The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy: Queen Elizabeth II is head of state of the UK as well as of fifteen other Commonwealth countries. The Parliament of the UK that meets in the Palace of Westminster has two houses: an elected House of Common and an appointed House of Lords. Queen Elizabeth II is head of state of the UK as well as of fifteen other Commonwealth countries.

8 Geography What is area of the UK?
What is the defining point of the Prime Meridian? What are moderate winters in the Great Britain?

9 Geography The total area of the United Kingdom is approximately 245,000 square kilometers (94,600 sq mi) comprising of the island of Great Britain, the northeastern one-sixth of the island of Ireland (Northern Ireland) and smaller islands. The Royal Greenwich Observatory, in London, is the defining point of the Prime Meridian. Atlantic currents, warmed by the Gulf Stream, bring mild winters, especially in the west, where winters are wet, especially over high ground.

10 SCOTLAND What is the national flag?
What is the floral emblem of Scotland? Were is Scotland situated?

11 SCOTLAND The national flag of Scotland, known as the Saltire or St. Andrew's Cross, dates (at least in legend) from the 9th century, and is thus the oldest national flag still in use. Since 1606 the Saltire has also formed part of the design of the Union Flag The thistle is Scotland's Floral emblem.

12 SCOTLAND Scotland (Gaelic: Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain, it shares a border with England to the south and is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the southwest. In addition to the mainland, Scotland consists of over 790 islands including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.

13 SCOTLAND What is Edinburg? Were has the word Scotland come from?
What is the area of Scotland?

14 SCOTLAND Edinburgh, the country's capital and second largest city, is one of Europe's largest financial centres. Scotland is from the Latin Scoti, the term applied to Gaels, people from what is now Scotland and Ireland, both pirates and the Dal Riada who had come from Ireland to reside in the Northwest of what is now Scotland, in contrast, for example, to the Picts.

15 The total area is 78,772 km² (30,414 sq mi),
SCOTLAND The total area is 78,772 km² (30,414 sq mi),

16 Population What is England’s population?
Who were the first British people? Has Britain a long of history?

17 Population England's population in mid-2008 was estimated to be million. Historically, British people were thought to be descended from the varied ethnic stocks that settled there before the 11th century Britain has a long history of immigration, with Liverpool having the oldest Black population in the country, dating back to at least the 1730s, and the oldest Chinese community in Europe, dating to the arrival of Chinese seamen in the nineteenth century.

18 Languages Has the UK de jure an official language?
Where are used four Celtic languages in the UK? Why is its said English “around the world”?

19 Languages The UK does not de jure have an official language but the predominant spoken language is English. There are also four Celtic languages in use in the UK: Welsh, Irish Gaelic(generally just referred to as Irish), Scottish Gaelic and Cornish. Largely because of the British Empire, the English language has spread across the world, and become the international languages of business as well as the most widely taught second languages.

20 Religion What is the major religion? What is the church in the UK?
What religions are presented in The UK?

21 Religion Christianity is the major religion in the UK.
Christianity is the main religion in England with the Church of England (Anglican) the Established Church: the church retains a representation in the UK Parliament and the British monarch is a member of the church (required under Article 2 of the Treaty of Union) as well as its Supreme Governor. There are Muslims in England and Wales.


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