Presentation on theme: "Teaching students at KET for Schools and PET for Schools level"— Presentation transcript:
1Teaching students at KET for Schools and PET for Schools level Annie Broadhead November 2009
2Content of the Tests which skills are tested? all four skills how long is each test?KET for Schools = 1 hour 40 mins + Speaking (8–10 mins)PET for Schools = 2 hours + Speaking (10–12 mins)
3KET for Schools Reading and Writing Reading and Writing are combined1 hr 10 mins, 50% of totalReading:based on signs, short messages, brochures, newspapers and magazinesunderstand the main messagechoose the best word to fill a gapmatch functional statements or questions with a responseWriting:write a short message or note based on 3 required pieces of informationPoint out that:both levels have reading and writing on the same paperthe last item in the KET Reading paper is to do with matching simple questions and answers or statements and responses which form 2-line dialogues.
4PET for Schools Reading and Writing Reading and Writing are combined1 hr 30 mins, 50% of totalReading:based on signs, labels, journals, newspaper and magazine articlesunderstand the main points, attitude and intended effectfill in gaps in a text through understanding of lexico-structural patternsmanipulate sentence structure using given lexical and grammatical patternsWritingwrite a short messagewrite a story or letter of 100 words on a familiar subjectAdd that:the timing is longer for PET as there is a second more complex writing task involvedalthough the text types are similar, at PET level more ‘reading into’ some of the texts is required, as questions are based on attitude and effect as well as the more straightforward facts and detailat PET level the ‘gap-fill’ texts are at a higher level and the gaps focus more on the structure of the text than at KET levelPET candidates are required to do a task on sentence transformation and write either a story or letter of about 100 words, in addition to the first task (short message) which is similar to that required at KET level.You may be asked how important the length of the 100 word task is? Overlength answers are not penalised per se, but it is often found that long answers become irrelevant or incoherent and candidates penalise themselves in that they are spending too much time on this aspect of the test.Underlength answers are penalised however. A minimum of 80 words is needed to complete the task successfully.
5Listening KET for Schools 25–30 mins 25% of total mark understand announcements and other everyday spoken materialPET for Schools30–35 mins25% of total markunderstand a range of recordings including announcements and texts from everyday lifeunderstand attitude and intentiontake notesPoint out that all materials are based on real-life situations.Emphasise the extra demands which are made of PET level candidates – that they are not just listening for facts but interpreting ‘attitude’ and ‘intention’ – listening at a more subtle and not always factual level of detail than is required at KET.
6Speaking KET for Schools PET for Schools basic level (A2) 2 tasks 8–10 mins25% of total markfamiliar situations – meeting people, giving factual, personal and non-personal informationPET for Schoolsintermediate level (B1)4 tasks10–12 mins25% of total markeveryday events in an English-speaking countrydiscussion and descriptionNB. Participants familiar with the existing KET and PET will find no differences here in terms of the parts of the exams and the level at which they are assessed.There is not time to go into detail about the precise content and timings of the speaking exams, but point out:The length of the examinationsThe fact that they are done in pairsThe situations around which they are based and the type of language that they require candidates to useAt PET level, the tasks are more demanding and may include work, study and leisure situations involving discussion with a partner, describing a photograph, asking and answering questions and talking about likes and dislikes.NB It is worth pointing out to participants that years of testing experience have shown that the tasks embodied in all the skills at these levels are those which are considered to test them most effectively.In addition, you could mention that the same types of task go on up the levels of main suite, thus ensuring that the exams at KET and PET level are creating a good foundation for candidates who want to go on to higher levels.
7KET for Schools and PET for Schools Reading Add brief notes re. each slide here.Use bullet points/ numbers/ extra spacing / bold font to make it userfriendly.
8Aims of the Reading section to establish the real-life relevance of KET for Schools and PET for Schools reading tasksto look at classroom activities to develop appropriate skillsto provide the opportunity for sharing ideas and experiences
9Key novel B1 labels on food and clothes A2 teenage magazine article A2 signs A2information in a junior encyclopaedia A2some information in a tourist office A2note A2personal letter B1
10True or false? KeyWe need to use familiar texts that our students recognise and read in L1.TrueWe need to help students understand every word in a text.FalseStudents should read a text slowly, word by word.
12KET for Schools and PET for Schools Writing Add brief notes re. each slide here.Use bullet points/ numbers/ extra spacing / bold font to make it userfriendly.
13Aims of the Writing section to establish the real-life relevance of KET for Schools and PET for Schools writing tasksto look at assessment criteriato look at classroom activities to develop appropriate skillsto provide the opportunity for sharing ideas and experiences
14True or false?Writing tasks need to encourage students to write extended pieces of text.Students’ writing needs to be accurate and error-free.It’s best if they play safe and don’t try and be ambitious with language.‘What I did last weekend’ (120 words) – this is a good writing task.
15KeyWriting tasks need to encourage students to write extended pieces of text. FalseStudents’ writing needs to be accurate and error-free. FalseIt’s best if they play safe and don’t try and be ambitious with language. False‘What I did last weekend’ (120 words) – this is a good writing task. False
18Aims of the Listening section to establish the real-life relevance of KET for Schools and PET for Schools listening tasksto look at classroom activities to develop appropriate skillsto provide the opportunity for sharing ideas and experiences
19Listening Task Types multiple choice gap-fill matching (KET for Schools only)true/false (PET for Schools only)1
20PET for Schools Listening Part 1 Where is the girl’s hat?2
23Aims of the Speaking section to establish the real-life relevance of KET for Schools and PET for Schools speaking tasksto look at classroom activities to develop appropriate skillsto provide the opportunity for sharing ideas and experiences
24Which level? What level are these candidates? Listen and note what these speakers can do.345