UK- Near East & North Africa Contact Seminar Saturday 6 November 2010.
Presentation on theme: "An introduction to the education system in England"— Presentation transcript:
1 An introduction to the education system in England
2 New GovernmentIn May 2010 a new UK coalition government came into power, as a result of this the education system will be reformed. This presentation reflects the situation as it is currently, including some of the reforms already identified by the minister for education.2
3 Key Facts Primary Secondary 8.3 million pupils 25,300 schools % pupils eligible for free meals16.9%14%% ethnic minorities19.3%15.9%% first language other than English11.6%9%average class size26.221.7
4 Phases Establishments Age Range Pre-School Nurseries Under 5 Primary Schools5-11Secondary Schools11-16 or (19)Sixth Form Colleges16-18 (19)Further Education CollegesOver 16Special Schools3-18
5 Phases and Testing Establishments Key Stage(s) Main Assessments Primary SchoolsFoundation Stage12National Tests (11)Secondary Schools34GCSE (16)Sixth Form Colleges5ASA2GCSE – General Certificate of Secondary EducationAS – first year of Advanced Level courseA2 – second/final year of Advanced Level
6 The Foundation Stage Curriculum For children from birth to five years there are six areas of learning which all providers must address:Communication, language & LiteracyKnowledge & Understanding of the WorldPhysical DevelopmentCreative DevelopmentPersonal, Social & Emotional DevelopmentProblem Solving, Reasoning & Numeracy6
7 The CurriculumThe curriculum in England is about to undergo reform- the following is the curriculum as it stands in Autumn 2010.The government has made a commitment to give schools more control over the curriculum and will produce recommendations in 2012.7
8 The CurriculumCORE SUBJECTSEnglishMathematicsScience
9 The Curriculum Art Geography History Music Design and Technology Information and Communications TechnologyPhysical EducationReligious EducationSex and Relationship EducationCareers EducationCitizenshipCareers Education and Citizenship is not statutory until secondary school
10 Curriculum 3: Key Stage 4 Students aged 14-16 Compulsory subjects, e.g. MathematicsEntitlement subjects, e.g. Modern Foreign Language‘Options’ – examples:Business StudiesMedia StudiesDanceDramaEntitlement Subjects: these are subjects that must be available to students even if they themselves elect not to take them.
11 The English school landscape One of the most devolved systems in the worldFocuses on standards and well beingRigorous strands of accountabilityWorkforce remodellingCollaboration and competitionImportance of leadershipThe English school landscape is unusual in that it focuses on standards for pupils but also on wellbeing.There are rigorous strands of accountability. Every school is inspected under the OfSTED framework (Office for Standards in Education) and is required to produce a detailed report evaluating its own performance (SEF).Over the last ten years there have been substantial changes in terms of the workforce as schools have looked at “wrap around” care (8am – 6pm) as well as extended services from other disciplines (health and social services). This is also in the context of “workforce remodelling” – a reform which aimed to reduce teachers working hours and administrative burden and refocus them on their core role of teaching.Schools are expected to both collaborate (applying for joint funding, transfer procedures etc) whilst also being in competition with each other for pupils. This is as a result of school league tables which publish schools results in order to allow parents to make better informed choices about schooling.School leadership is given a high priority in the UK because of research showing that school leadership is second only to the quality of teaching in terms of successful school performance. However the UK is also suffering its largest ever recruitment crisis meaning that schools are having to look at creative options to fill headteacher vacancies (eg federations)
12 Key players Department for Education Schools and Governing Bodies Local AuthoritiesThe structure of the school system in England and Wales is fairly complicated and involves three main players – the department for Children, Schools and Families, local authorities and the schools with their governing bodies.The Government holds local authorities accountable for standards in schoolsLocal Authorities are responsible for quality of education locally and services for children and families. As such, they are legally responsible for the actions of schools in their areas and for enabling schools, social care and health services to work together in the interests of individual children.They are also responsible for ensuring children receive an education appropriate to their needs, managing the admission of children to schoolsLocal authorities distribute government funding to schools and decide on the proportion of the budget different schools receive.The role of local authorities may change following the 2010 election. The government is encouraging more schools to apply for academy status which will take them out of local authority control.The role of the school is set out in the next few slides.
13 Different types of school Community Schools funded through the Local AuthoritiesAcademies funded directly by the governmentFree Schools proposed by the government to be set up in response to parental requestPrivate schools funded by private individuals organisations, or educational trustsSee:13
14 Freedom and controlA head teacher and senior leaders have freedom to determine the ethos and practice of their schools …but alsofull responsibility for the quality of education experienced by the young people in their care.
15 Freedom and control Schools are responsible for: learning and teaching appointment and management of all their staffthe buildings and site including playing fields
16 Freedom and controlA headteacher is accountable to a Governing Body that represents parents, the community and often the Local AuthorityThere are national standards for headteachersNew headteachers must be accredited by the National Professional Qualification for Headship
17 Every child matters be safe be healthy enjoy and achieve make a positive contribution to society (citizenship)economic well-beingThe government has recently identified five key outcomes for all young people. These are listed above.The government recognizes that the outcomes can only be achieved by education, health and social services all working together. This is the Every Child Matters programme.
18 UK Education Agenda in 21st Century Every Child Mattersbringing together education, health and social servicesInclusionchildren with disabilities and challenging behaviour to be educated in mainstream (‘ordinary’) schoolsPersonalisationtailoring education to individual pupil need, aptitude and interestCommunity Cohesionlocal, national and internationalHealthy Eatingfighting the trend towards obesity in young people
19 UK Education policy in 21st Century Remodelling the workforceFewer ‘normal’ class teachers – more specialist support staffExtended schoolsCollaborating with other local schools, full ‘core offer’
20 Future Education Policy from 2010 The expansion of academiesThe introduction of “free” schoolsset up by parents, universities, charities or other bodiesCurriculum review – the required curriculum will bereduced, giving schools more control?20
21 Some useful websites National College www.nationalcollege.org.uk National body for developing leadership of schools and children’s servicesOffice for Standards in EducationRegulation and inspection of childcare, schools, colleges, children's services, teacher training and youth workDepartment for EducationThe government department for education and children’s servicesSpecialist Schools and Academies Trust (SSAT)An independent, not-for-profit membership organisation which aims to raise standards in education.Creativity, Culture & EducationAn independent not-for-profit organisation which seeks to bring creative learning practices into schoolsTeach FirstAn independent not-for-profit organisation dedicated to improving teaching in challenging urban areas
22 Each country of the UK has its own department for education ScotlandWalesNorthernIreland22
23 Observations from Pakistani visitors Very politeTimekeeping is importantTalk about the weather a lot !Acceptance and celebration of diversitySimilar roles for men and womenBland and tasteless food23