2 Focus Questions How did the Portuguese seek direct trade with Asia? Why did Christopher Columbus make his voyage across the Atlantic Ocean?How did Europeans react to Columbus’s voyages?
3 The Search for a Sea Route During the 1400s Venice (Italy) held a monopoly, sole control, on European trade with AsiaPrince Henry of Portugal wanted to find a sea route to the East (Asia)The astrolabe allowed sailors to travel open seas by charting the position of starsPrince Henry brought some of the best navigators, shipbuilders, and mapmakers to Portugal and they designed the caravel, small sturdy ship made to be fast and easily managedThe Portuguese were very successful in exploring the west coast of Africa
4 The Search for a Sea Route Bartolomeu Dias led an expedition along the African coast in 1487 and successfully navigated around the southern tip of Africa (“Cape of Good Hope”)The Portuguese set up trading posts along the coast of Africa where they traded for gold, ivory, and slave (felt it was alright to enslave non-Christians)
5 Columbus’s Bold IdeaChristopher Columbus was an Italian sailor who was convinced that he could reach Asia by sailing west over the Atlantic OceanHe convinced King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain to fund this voyageHe was told to claim any lands he finds for Spain
6 Columbus’s Bold IdeaHe set sail on August 3, with three ships the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa MariaOn October 12, 1492 land was spottedWhere he landed is not for sure known but most believe it was somewhere I the Bahamas
7 Columbus’s Bold IdeaHe called this island San Salvador (“Holy Savior”) and he believed he was near China or JapanColumbus explored other islands and met the Taino on HispaniolaHe called these people IndiansForty men stayed behind at a colony called La Navidad as Columbus set sail back to Spain in January of 1493
8 Europeans Learn of Columbus’s Voyage Columbus returned to a hero’s welcomeColumbus had claimed all of his new lands for Spain and to establish these rights Ferdinand convinced Pope Alexander VI to grant rights to all these rights to SpainThe Pope created the Line of Demarcation– boundary of Spain’s exploration and monopoly rights (land west of the line was Spain’s and land east of it was Portugal’s)
9 Europeans Learn of Columbus’s Voyage In 1494, the Treaty of Tordesillas moved the line farther west but gave Portugal rights to all of Africa and what is now BrazilColumbus made three more voyages to the Caribbean but lost his popularity with both the people and the King and he died in 1506
10 Focus Questions How did the Portuguese seek direct trade with Asia? Why did Christopher Columbus make his voyage across the Atlantic Ocean?How did Europeans react to Columbus’s voyages?