Presentation on theme: "Project Work By SHANZAY BABAR Class V"— Presentation transcript:
1 Project Work By SHANZAY BABAR Class V I BELIEVE IN PAKISTANProject WorkBySHANZAY BABARClass V
2 Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah My PakistanGREAT LEADERSQuaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali JinnahOur PrideMuhammad Ali Jinnah (December 25, 1876 – September 11, 1948), a 20th century politician and statesman, is generally regarded as the founder of Pakistan. He served as leader of The Muslim league and Pakistan's first Governor- General. He is officially known in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam and Baba-e-Qaum (“Father of the Nation"). His birthday is a national holiday in Pakistan.
3 GREAT LEADERS Allama Mohammad Iqbal My Pakistan Allama Sir Muhammad Iqbal (November 9, 1877 Sialkot – April 21, 1938 Lahore) was a Persian & Urdu poet, philosopher and politician born in Sialkot, in Punjab, Pakistan, whose poetry in Urdu and Persian is considered to be among the greatest of the modern era, and whose vision of an independent state for the Muslims of British India was to inspire the creation of Pakistan. He is commonly referred to as Allama Iqbal( Allama meaning "Scholar".) Iqbal's ancestors were Sapru Kashmiri Brahmins.
4 GREAT LEADERS SIR SYED AHMAD KHAN My Pakistan Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, one of the greatest Muslim educationists, writers and reformers, was born at Delhi in He hailed from a well to-do landed aristocracy of Delhi. Syed Ahmad had no formal education in any educational institutions. He was rather a self taught person and became, through self study, one of the most well read men of his days.
5 GREAT LEADERS FATIMA JINNAH My Pakistan Miss Fatima Jinnah, younger sister of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, was born in Due to her brother's keen interest, and despite strident family opposition, Miss Fatima received excellent early education. In 1919 she got admitted to the highly competitive University of Calcutta where she attended the Dr. Ahmad Dental College.In 1918, she got married to Rutanbai. Upon Rutanbai's death in February 1929, Miss Jinnah wound up her clinic, moved into Jinnah's bungalow, and took charge of his house; thus beginning the life-long companionship that lasted till Jinnah's death on September 11, 1948
6 CIVILIZATION Pakistan belongs to the oldest civilization. My Pakistan Civilizations in Pakistan:
7 CIVILIZATION My Pakistan Indus Civilization The Indus Valley Civilization wasat its peak from the 3rd till themiddle of the 2nd millennium BC.Discovered in 1922,Mohenjo-Daro (in Sindh province) was once a metropolis of great importance, forming part of the Indus Valley Civilization with Harappa (discovered in 1923 in the southern Punjab), Kot Diji (Sindh) and recently discovered Mehr Garh (Balochistan).
8 CIVILIZATION My Pakistan Moenjodaro is considered as one of the most spectacular ancient cities of the World. It had mud and baked bricks’ buildings, an elaborate covered drainage system, a large state granary, a spacious pillared hall, a College of Priests, a palace and a citadel. Harrappa, another major city of the Indus Valley Civilization, was surrounded by a massive brick wall fortification.
9 CIVILIZATION My Pakistan Gandhara Civilization Gandhara region had once been the Hallowed centre of Buddhism, the cradle of the world famous Gandhara sculpture, culture, art and learning. The archaeological remains found in Taxila, Peshawar, Charsadda, Takht Bhai, Swat and rock carvings along the ancient Silk Road (KKH) have well recorded the history of Gandhara. Lying in Haro river valley near Islamabad, Taxila, the main centre of Gandhara, is over 3,000 years old.
10 CIVILIZATION My Pakistan Mughal Heritage Pakistan is a treasure-house of Muslim architecture. Lahore, the cultural hub of Pakistan, is situated along the bank of Ravi river. The city has witnessed the rise and fall of many dynasties like Ghaznavis ( AD), Ghoris ( AD) and Slaves ( AD) before arrival of the Mughals. The city was conquered by Babur of Ferghana (situated in Uzbekistan), the founder of the Mughal dynasty ( AD). All the important monuments like the Royal Fort and the Mosque, Wazir Khan’s Mosque, Tombs of Jehangir, Asaf Khan, Noor Jehan and the Shalimar Gardens, Hiran Minar etc., were constructed during this period.
11 CIVILIZATION NANKANA SAHIB My Pakistan The history of the Sikh religion traces its roots to a place called Nankana Sahib in Pakistan, earlier known as Talwandi. The birth place of the first Sikh guru, Guru Nanak Dev, Nankana Sahib is one of the most sacred pilgrimage sites in Pakistan. The pilgrimage site is about 75 kilometres from Lahore and comes under Sheikhupura district. The district is well connected with rail and road with other parts of Pakistan.
12 My PakistanRELEGIONS IN PAKISTANDiverse culture flourished in Pakistan and enriched each other. Buddhist, Hindus, Christians, Parsees, Sikhs and Muslims lived in harmony.
13 RELEGIONS IN PAKISTAN My Pakistan Muslims: 173,000,000 Religious population in Pakistan:Muslims: 173,000,000Buddhists: 20,000Hindus: 3,200,000Zoroastrian/Parsis: 20,000Christians: 2,800,000Ahmadis: 1,000,000Other (included Animists, Atheists, Jews, etc): unknownBaha’is: 30,000Sikhs: 20,000
14 Ethnic Groups of Pakistan My PakistanPEOPLE OF PAKISTANEthnic Groups of Pakistan
15 PEOPLE OF PAKISTAN My Pakistan Punjabis: Punjabis in Pakistan are multi-ethnical group of people, and can be divided into sub-groups. They are natives of Greater Punjab. The region of Pakistani Punjab has been invaded in the past by Arabs, Turks, Persians, Afghans, thus giving a number of Punjabis diverse origin. One uniting factor among Punjabis is their Punjabi language. Punjabis have many different dialects and that depends in what region of Punjab they are from.
16 PEOPLE OF PAKISTAN My Pakistan Pathans:Pathans, also called Pashtuns or ethnic Afghans, are an Eastern Iranian ethno-linguistic group with populations primarily in Afghanistan and in the North- West Frontier Province, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Balochistan provinces of Pakistan. The Pashtuns are typically characterized by their usage of the Pashto language and practice of Pashtunwali, which is an ancient traditional code of conduct and honor.
17 My PakistanPEOPLE OF PAKISTANKashmiri: The Kashmiri people are a Dardic ethnic group living in the region of Kashmir who speak the Kashmiri language. Kashmiri is "a Northwestern Dardic language of the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European language family." which is also known as Koshur and hence are classified as a Dardic people.
18 My PakistanPEOPLE OF PAKISTANSindhi:Sindhis are a Sindhi speaking socio-ethnic group of people originating from Sindh, a province of Pakistan. Today Sindhis that live in Pakistan belong to various religious denominations including but not limited to Muslim, Zoroastrian, Hindus and Christians. After the Partition of India in 1947, a large number of Indian Muslim refugees(Muhajirs) flocked into Pakistan and settled in the prosperous Sindh region.
19 PEOPLE OF PAKISTAN My Pakistan Balochi: The Baloch are the majority ethnic inhabitants of the region of Balochistan in the southeast corner of the Iranian Plateau in Southwest Asia, including parts of Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.The Baloch speak Balochi, an Iranian language. They mainly inhabit mountainous terrains, which have allowed them to maintain a distinct cultural identity and resist domination by neighbouring rulers.
20 COUNTLESS BLESSINGS ON PAKISTAN My PakistanNATURAL RESOURCESCOUNTLESS BLESSINGS ON PAKISTAN
21 PAKISTAN’S MINERAL RESOURCES My PakistanNATURAL RESOURCESPAKISTAN’S MINERAL RESOURCESPakistan is endowed with significant mineral resources and emerging as a very promising area for exploration of mineral deposits. Based on available information, country’s more than 6, 00, 000 sq.kms of outcrop area demonstrates varied geological potential for metallic / non-metallic mineral deposits.Currently about 52 minerals are under exploitation although on small scale. The major production is of coal, rock salt, and other industrial and construction minerals. The value addition in the mineral sector is mainly concentrated in five principal minerals, namely, limestone, coal, gypsum, sulphur, crude oil, and natural gas.
22 TOP FIFTEEN (15) MINERALS OF PAKISTAN My PakistanNATURAL RESOURCESTOP FIFTEEN (15) MINERALS OF PAKISTAN 1. Aluminum Deposits (Bauxite and Laterite)2. Iron Ore3. Copper4. Chromites Ore.5. Zinc \ Lead6. COAL7. Gypsum / Anhydrite Granite, Marble and Onyx8. Phosphates9. Rock Salt10. Solar Salt
23 TOP FIFTEEN (15) MINERALS OF PAKISTAN My PakistanNATURAL RESOURCESTOP FIFTEEN (15) MINERALS OF PAKISTAN 12. Limestone for Lime13. Kaolin (China Clay)14. Natural stones for buildings15. Gem Stones.
24 WATER RESOURCES OF PAKISTAN My PakistanNATURAL RESOURCESWATER RESOURCES OF PAKISTAN The river system of Indus and its tributaries provides Pakistan some of the most fertile land in the Indian subcontinent. The Indus Basis Project, including Mangla Dam, with the live storage capacity of 4.82 MAF, five barrages, one siphon and eight inter-river link canals were completed duringThe Tarbela Dam with the live storage capacity of 9.3 MAF started partial operation inKotri, Taunsa and Guddu Barrages were completed on the Indus River between 1955 and 1962 to provide controlled irrigation to areas previously served by inundation canals.
25 WATER RESOURCES OF PAKISTAN My PakistanNATURAL RESOURCESWATER RESOURCES OF PAKISTAN By far most water is used for irrigated agriculture, emphasizing the particular significance of agriculture in the country. The sector contributes about 25% of the Pakistan's GNP( ). The country still has the world's largest contiguous irrigation system. In , the total irrigated area in Pakistan was 181,000 km².Water is also essential for power generation in Pakistan, since about 29% is generated through hydropower.
26 ECONOMY - AGRICULTURE My Pakistan Agriculture is the mainstay of Pakistan's economy, employing more than 40% of the population. Cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables, and tobacco are the chief crops, and cattle, sheep, and poultry are raised. There is also a fishing industry. Most of Pakistan's agricultural output comes from the Indus basin. The country is now self-sufficient in food, as vast irrigation schemes have extended farming into arid areas, and fertilizers and new varieties of crops have increased yields.
27 My PakistanECONOMY - AGRICULTUREPakistan's principal natural resources are arable land and water. About 25% of Pakistan's total land area is under cultivation and is watered by one of the largest irrigation systems in the world. Pakistan irrigates three times more acres than Russia. Agriculture accounts for about 23% of GDP and employs about 44% of the labor force. Pakistan ranks fifth in the Muslim World and twentieth worldwide in farm output. It is the world's fifth largest milk producer.
28 ECONOMY - AGRICULTURE My Pakistan Pakistan is one of the world's largest producers and suppliers of the following according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations and FAOSTAT given here with ranking:Chickpea (2nd) Apricot (4th)Cotton (4th) Sugarcane (4th)Milk (5th) Onion (5th)Date Palm (6th) Mango (7th)Rice (8th) Wheat (9th)Oranges (10th) Tangerines, Orange, (8th)
29 ECONOMY - AGRICULTURE My Pakistan FRUITS OF PAKISTAN Today in Pakistan, we see plenty of summer fruits flowing from all parts of the country. Mangoes of Multan, Melons & Watermelons of Arifwala, apricots of Quetta, Falsa’s from Punjab & Sindh, Plums from the frontiers and many more to come ahead. I realized how people of this region have been blessed with fresh, juicy & tasty fruits all around the year. Prices might have gone higher but the tastes still have no comparison. Although many of these fruits are exported but still there are more and more room available to bring money into the country.
30 MY PAKISTAN My Pakistan We are all very proud of our hard-working labour force, which works day and night only for the sake of their country. They include: Cleaners, very skilled craftsmen or artisans, musicians, singers, poets, diligent professionals including both men and women, technicians, very intelligent teachers. Pakistan is also very popular all around the world for sports as each type of sport is adeptly performed by our brilliant sportsmen and women.
31 A TREASURE TROVE OF WONDERS My PakistanA TREASURE TROVE OF WONDERS
32 A TREASURE TROVE OF WONDERS My PakistanA TREASURE TROVE OF WONDERSKarakoram 2 or K2: The 2nd highest mountain peak in the world
33 A TREASURE TROVE OF WONDERS My PakistanA TREASURE TROVE OF WONDERSShandur: the highest polo ground in the world
34 A TREASURE TROVE OF WONDERS My PakistanA TREASURE TROVE OF WONDERSThe magnificent architecture of the Shrine of Hazrat Shah Rukn-e-Alam in Multan attractss visitors from almost every corner of the world.
35 A TREASURE TROVE OF WONDERS My PakistanA TREASURE TROVE OF WONDERSMovieExpandingHorizonsTime4 min 30 secsCREDITSZeelafMunir
36 THE ENDNot really;Its just the beginning!Welcome to Pakistan