Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Science AHSGE Standard III-2 Kingdom Plantae. Kingdom Plantae Multicellular Eukaryotic Autotrophic/producers- Make their own food Chlorophyll- green pigment.

There are copies: 1
Biology AHSGE Standard X- Kingdom Plantae. Eligible Content CONTENT STANDARD 10. Distinguish between monocots and dicots, angiosperms and gymnosperms,

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Science AHSGE Standard III-2 Kingdom Plantae. Kingdom Plantae Multicellular Eukaryotic Autotrophic/producers- Make their own food Chlorophyll- green pigment."— Presentation transcript:

1 Science AHSGE Standard III-2 Kingdom Plantae

2 Kingdom Plantae Multicellular Eukaryotic Autotrophic/producers- Make their own food Chlorophyll- green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plant cells Photosynthesis- Light energy to chemical energy Need Carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose and oxygen Glucose: sugar, starch, and carbohydrates

3 Vascular vs. Nonvascular Nonvascular (Bryophyta)- Plants containing no vascular tissues; no roots Require water for reproduction and nutrient transport Live in moist, shady environments Three types: 1. Mosses 2. Liverworts 3. Hornworts Vascular- Plants containing vascular tissues (conducting/transportin g tissues); have roots Two tissues together in a vascular bundle: 1. Xylem- transports water from roots throughout the plant 2. Phloem- transports food from leaves throughout the plant; mostly to roots for storage

4

5

6 Nonvascular Plants- Bryophyta Hornwort Liverwort

7 Two Types of Vascular Plants Spore-bearing Reproduce by spores Horsetails Clubmosses Whisk ferns Pterophyta- ferns Alternation of Generations Gametophyte (n) Sporophyte (2n) Frond- leaf of a fern Spores are found on the back Seed-bearing

8

9 Vascular Plants Fern Spores on back of frond

10 Two-types of Seed-bearing Plants Gymnosperm Naked seeds (not protected) Winged seeds Wind pollinated Conifers- produce cones Female cones are larger; contain ovules Male cones are smaller; contain pollen Needle-like leaves Evergreen- stay green all year; leaves are continually replaced Examples: Pine, Fir, Cedar, Redwood, Spruce Angiosperm Protected seeds in fruit Produce flowers Colorful to attract pollinators Broad-shaped leaves Deciduous- Lose all leaves once a year; remain dormant in the winter Examples: Maple, Oak, Apple, Pear, Tomato, Pecan, Rose

11 Gymnosperms Female cones Male cones

12 Vascular Plants- Gymnosperms Pine Trees Spruce Trees

13 Two Types of Angiosperms Monocots Herbaceous- Low growing; soft green stem One cotyledon (seed leaf)- Food for embryo inside a seed Leaves with parallel veination Scattered/random vascular bundles Fibrous/Adventitious root system Dicots Woody- Heightened; tough, wooden stem Two cotyledons Leaves with net-like veination Vascular bundles in rings Tap-root/Primary and adventitious root system

14 Vascular Plants- Angiosperms Crab Apple Tree Oak tree Sweet Gum

15 Veination MonocotDicot

16 Vascular Bundles

17 Root Systems

18 Roots Root cap- Thick wall of dead cells at the tip of a root; protects it as it grows Root hairs- Increase surface area for more water absorption

19 Plant Growth Meristem- Areas of cells which divide allowing for primary growth of a plant

20 Plant Growth Cambium- Area of cells between the xylem and phloem which divide allowing for secondary growth of a plant

21 Outer Plant Parts Epidermis- Skin covering of a plant Cuticle- Waxy substance covering a leaf Stomata- Openings on the underside of a leaf where gases are exchanged and transpiration takes place Guard cells- Open and close stomata

22 Leaf Parts

23 Flower Parts Pistil- Female reproductive organ Stigma- Sticky top for attachment of pollen Style- Elongated portion leading from the stigma to the ovary Pollen tube- tube leading from the stigma down the style to the ovary Ovary- Contains ovules (eggs) Stamen- Male reproductive organ Anther- Pollen-producing structure at tip of filament Filament- stalk-like structure which holds the anther up

24 Flower Parts (Monoecious)


Download ppt "Science AHSGE Standard III-2 Kingdom Plantae. Kingdom Plantae Multicellular Eukaryotic Autotrophic/producers- Make their own food Chlorophyll- green pigment."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google