2Why is Lab Safety Important? Lab safety is a major aspect of every lab based science class.Lab safety rules and symbols are needed so that students do not injure themselves or their classmates.
3Lab Safety Rules1. Always follow the teacher’s directions and only do lab work when a teacher is present.2. Conduct yourself in a responsible manner at all times. No Horseplay!3. Do not touch any equipment, chemicals, or other materials until told to do so.4. Do not eat food, drink beverages, or chew gum in the lab. Do not use lab glassware as food or beverage containers5. Report ALL accidents to your teacher immediately, even if you think it is minor.
4Clothing Wear: Do NOT Wear: Goggles/safety glasses Closed-toed shoes Clothing made of natural based fiber such as cottonTie back long hairDo NOT Wear:SandalsJewelryLoose or Baggy clothing
7Lab Safety Symbols Found in your textbook GlasswareHeatEye and FaceSharpsElectricalAnimalChemicalFire
8Other Chemical Hazards and Symbols FlammableExplosiveToxic/PoisonIrritantCorrosiveEnvironmental
9Chemical Hazard Symbols and Definitions Flammable – Any substance that will burn if exposed to an open flame.Explosive – A substance that may explode if exposed to heat or flame.
10Chemical Hazard Symbols and Definitions Toxic/Poison – A substance that can lead to death if inhaled, ingested, or absorbed by the skin.Corrosive – A substance that can destroy or burn living tissue and can eat away at other materials.
11Chemical Hazard Symbols and Definitions Irritant - A substance that causes inflammation upon contact with skin or mucous membranes.Environmental - Substances that are harmful to the environment. They must be disposed of properly, not washed down the drain.
12Accidents and Injuries Report ALL accidents and injuries to your teacher immediately!!!Be aware of safety hazards associated with each chemical you use.Eye accident – Wash the eye with copious amounts of water for at least 15 min.Fire Burns – Stop, Drop, and be covered with a fire blanket or soaked with water. Do not remove clothing stuck to victim. Get medical attention immediately.
13Waste Disposal First ask your teacher where/how to dispose of waste. Never pour anything down the drain unless you are told to do so.A waste bottle will be supplied for substance that cannot go down the drain
14Reasons for proper waste disposal Hazardous chemicals down the drain can lead to pollution of ground water, lakes, rivers, etc.Plants and animals will die if they are exposed to hazardous chemical waste.Serious health problems will become present in people if hazardous waste finds its way into drinking water.
15SourcesTurner, B. and K.K.Shamsid-Dean Good, Messy, Frothing Fun. Teaching Problem-Based Lab Safety. Science Scope. April/May:Curan, David Chemical Safety Symbols Explained. Accessed 2005 June 19. <http://wwwgeocities.com/david_charles_curran/safety/chemical_safety_symbols_4.html>.Free Weird Science Clipart. Accessed 2005 June 18. <http://chemistry.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?zi=1/XJ&sdn=chemistry&zu=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.angelfire.com%2Fscifi%2FWeirdImages%2Ffree_clipart_icons_gifs_cartoon_science.html>.2001 Science Education Centre. Making School Laboratories a Safe Place, Educators Guide. Accessed 2005 June19. <http://www.sec.org.za/lab/labsafe.htm>.2004 March. Laboratory Safety Symbols. Accessed 2005 June 19. <http://mywebpage.netscape.com/mrshigginschms/labsymbols.html>.2004 Environmental Defense and GetActive Software. Scorecard, The Pollution Information Site. Accessed 2005 June26. <www.scorecard.org>.
16Sources2004 The Concise Biotech Dictionary. Accessed 2005 June20. <http://www.thebiotechdictionary.com>.Cushman, David May. Safety Symbols used on this Website. Accessed 2005 June 25. <http://website.lineone.net/~dave.cushman/safetysymbols.html>.Safety goggles and fume hood photos. SMC Safety Rules. Accessed 2005 July 7. <http://homepage.smc.edu/chem10/SafetyRules.html>.Bradley Corporation. Accessed 2005 July 7. <http://www.bradleycorp.com/sweets/guidelines/emrgency.htm>.2005. Fire Safety and Fire Extinguishers. Accessed 2005 July 8. <http://www.ilpi.com/safety/extinguishers.html>.Fire Blanket Photo. Accessed 2005 July 9. <http://www.chem.unl.edu/safety/hslab8.html>.