2 Feeding the World Famine Widespread starvation caused by a shortage of food.Occurred in 1985 in Ethiopia due to lack of rain, loss of soil, and war.By 2050, the world’s farmers will need to feed about 9 billion people.50% more than they feed today.
3 Humans and NutritionFood is necessary as a source of energy and to build and maintain body tissue.Major nutrients we get from food are carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids.Need smaller amounts of vitamins and minerals.
4 Humans and Nutrition Malnutrition Do not consume enough Calories. Do not eat a sufficient variety of foods to fulfill all of the body’s needs.Many forms of malnutrition.Protein-energy malnutrition can affect the normal physical and mental development of children.
5 Humans and Nutrition Sources of Nutrition Diet – the type and amount of food that a person eats.Healthy diet maintains a balance of the right amounts of nutrients, minerals, and vitaminsGrains are the most produced worldwide (carbohydrates).
7 Humans and Nutrition Diets Around the World People generally consume the same major nutrients and eat the same basic kinds of food.Diets vary by regionPeople in developed countries eat more food and a larger proportion of proteins and fats than those in less-developed countries.
9 The Ecology of Food Food Efficiency The measure of the quantity of food produced on a given area of land with limited inputs of energy and resources.Basically, producing large amounts of food with little negative impact on the environment.
10 The Ecology of Food Food Efficiency On average, more energy, water, and land are used to produce a Calorie of food from animals than to produce a Calorie of food from plants.Animals are usually fed plant matter.10% of the energy from the plant is stored in the animal.Land is more efficient when used to grow crops.
11 The Ecology of Food Old and New Foods Yield – the amount of food that can be produced in a given area.Researchers hope to improve the efficiency of food production by studying plants and animals with high yield.Want organisms that can survive in various climates and do not require large amounts of fertilizer, pesticides, or fresh water.
12 World Food Problems Poverty Malnutrition is almost entirely a result of poverty.The world’s hungry are nearly all farm workers and subsistence farmers (grow enough only for local use).Generally do not have access to enough water for irrigation.Most live on an income of less than $1 per day.Mainly in Africa, Asia, and the mountains of South America.
13 World Food Problems More Income and More Food Number of people living in extreme poverty has declined by nearly a half billion since 1980.Rapid economic development in East Asia (China and India).Grain production has not grown as fast as the population.
15 The Green RevolutionBetween 1950 and 1970, Mexico increased its production of wheat eight-fold and India doubled its production of rice, without increasing the area of farmland used.New varieties of grain allowed this.Mostly from large farms.Still not improving much for subsistence farmers.