Presentation on theme: "Mesopotamia, Egypt, (Nomadic Cultures), India, and China."— Presentation transcript:
Mesopotamia, Egypt, (Nomadic Cultures), India, and China
Mesopotamia S: Poor/Rich, Social classes in order King, nobles, commoners, slaves, Patriarchal: society is dominated by men C: Ziggurat: stepped temple they pray to the gods, built with MUD! Epic of Gilgamesh: 1 st piece of literature…modern day Hercules. R: Polytheistic: Belief in many gods. I: Trade throughout Mesopotamia and the Mediterranean sea. P: Theocracy: Governed by divine authority (King was the priest, gate way to the gods, do not disobey) The Code of Hammurabi: First written law code (strict, class divisions, not fair, eye for an eye), Sargon: Created the first empire. T: Cuneiform: Wedge shaped writing, wheel, arch, sun dial, 60 E: Based on agriculture D: Fertile crescent Tigris and Euphrates, flood uncontrollably/drought, flat making it easy to invade, MUD, Divided into City-States: A large city that rules the larger area surrounding it, think Austin….UR, Babylon….regions Sumer, etc.
Egypt S: Poor/rich, Pharaoh (king), vizier, commoners/slaves C: Pyramids of Giza (When the Pharaoh was god-like) R: Polytheistic, for a very short time mono, mummification, underworld and afterlife, Osiris (god of resurrection), Isis, Ka (soul). Book of the dead. I: Traded along Nile, Conquered Nubia to the South, Hyksos conquered for a short time, chaos between the Old, Middle, and New periods. P: Bureaucracy : Help to rule the kingdom by governors, etc. Dynasty: Right to rule is passed down throughout the family. T: Hieroglyphics: Writing and art, irrigation, 365 calendar, human anatomy E: Agriculture D: Nile river, protection from invasion from Nile rough water, desert, and mountainous regions.
Nomadic Cultures Pastoral Nomads: Move from place to place with their animals Great at fighting, when running low on food invade and take-over. Hittites (connected to the Persians) Indo-European..Iron Phoenicians (connected to the Greeks) Mediterranean coast, gave alphabet to the Greeks..Romans..us. Israelites Judaism: Monotheistic religion Yahweh: God Torah: Hebrew bible, “Old Testament” Ten Commandments King Solomon: wise ruler of Palestine
India S: Rich/poor, Caste System: Priests, warriors, Commoners, dark skinned, untouchables, Patriarchal C: Sanskrit (Writing),Statues, Stupa (Relics of Buddha) temples, Vedas holy book Ramayana (story of some of their gods with Sita) R: Hinduism (Reincarnation, Yoga, karma), Buddhism(Philosophy, Siddhartha Gautama “Buddha”, Nirvana) I: Aryans (lighter skinned people invaded and became the ruling class) P: Cities of Harappa, Mohenjaro-Daro T: Mathematics, astronomy, and irrigation E: Agriculture D: Indus and Ganges rivers, Himalaya Mtns, Monsoons (heavy rain)
China S: Filial Piety: Respect the head of the Household. Patriarchal, Emperor, artistocracy, Peasants. Dynasties C: Great Wall R: Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, later Buddhism came from India, ancestor worship, Oracle bones. I: Silk Road (Trade), Mongols from Mongolia would invade. P: Emperors, Mandate of Heaven, Dynastic Cycle T: Paper, Type, gun powder, astronomy, and navigation E: Agriculture, trade of silk, tea, spices D: Yangtze and yellow river, Gobi desert, and Himalaya mountains