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Leveraging Information Technology and Telecommunications for Crisis Management Invited Talk to The Workshop on Crisis Response University of California,

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Presentation on theme: "Leveraging Information Technology and Telecommunications for Crisis Management Invited Talk to The Workshop on Crisis Response University of California,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Leveraging Information Technology and Telecommunications for Crisis Management Invited Talk to The Workshop on Crisis Response University of California, Irvine March 19, 2002 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technologies Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD

2 IT and Telecomm are the Key Technologies for Crisis Management How Do We Know: –The Detailed Current State of the System NOW? –What the Future Evolution of the Situation is Likely to Be? How Can We Achieve: –An Overall Situational Awareness? –A Common Operational Picture? How Do We Communicate With: –Crisis Managers? –First Responders? How Can We Decide: –Which Problem to Attack First? –Which Assets Should Be Deployed Where and When?

3 How Can the Future Internet Enhance Capabilities for Emergency Preparedness? Enabled by Expansion of Internet Infrastructure –Wireless Extends Coverage Everywhere –Optical Backbone Provides High Bandwidth –New Generation of Sensors and Receivers Three Tier System –Wireless SensorNets Brings Data to Repositories –Collaborative Crisis Management Data Centers –Remote Wireless Devices Interrogate Databases Building a Living-in-the-Future Laboratory –UCSD, UCI, and SDSU Campuses –San Diego, Orange County, Cross Border –Collaboration with City, County, and State Govts.

4 Cal-(IT) 2 Has an Emerging Focus on Homeland Security UCSD Chancellor is Leading Campus-wide Discussions UCI Has Submitted ITR on Crisis Management Cal-(IT) 2 Meetings with SD County, Cal OES, SPAWAR, SAIC –System Integrate Early Warning Systems –Developing MEMS to Nano Wireless Chem/BioSensors –Set up Prototype Distributed Disaster Response System –High Tech Coast GIS coupled to XML Mediation –Medical Record Distributed Database as Early Project –Ubiquitous Connectivity Expanded to First Responders

5 A Layered Software Architecture is Needed for Defense and Civilian Applications SPAWAR Systems Center San Diego

6 Cal-(IT) 2 -- An Integrated Approach to Research on the Future of the Internet 220 UCSD & UCI Faculty Working in Multidisciplinary Teams With Students, Industry, and the Community Over Fifty Industrial Partners

7 Building Living Laboratories Extend Research Outside of Building Using the Internet to Create Laboratories Students, Faculty, and Industry In Partnership with Surrounding Communities Focus on Dual Use for Crisis Management –Civil Infrastructure –California Water System –Transportation

8 Using Students to Invent the Future of Widespread Use of Wireless Pocket PCs Year- Long Living Laboratory Experiment 2001-02 –Computer Science & Engineering Undergraduates –500+ Wireless-Enabled HP Pocket PCs at UC San Diego –50 Compaq Pocket PCs at UC Irvine Currently Using Local Area Network Wireless Internet Experiments with Geo-location and Interactive Maps Cal-(IT) 2 Team: Bill Griswold, Gabriele Wienhausen, UCSD; Rajesh Gupta, UCI UC San Diego UC Irvine

9 The FCC Unlicensed Band Can be Used to Create a High Speed Wireless Backbone The High Performance Wireless Research and Education Network A Cal-(IT) 2 Academic Partner Enabling a Broad Set of Science Applications and Crisis Management Allows for Internet Deployment to Remote Locations NSF Funded PI, Hans-Werner Braun, SDSC Co-PI, Frank Vernon, SIO 45mbps Duplex Backbone

10 HPWREN Project Demo of Fast Setup Wireless Internet for Crisis Response A Cal-(IT) 2 Academic Partner

11 Cal-(IT)2 is Developing the Required Wireless Services Middleware Real-Time Services Mobile Code Location Awareness Power Control Security Wireless Services Interface UCI Wireless Infrastructures UCSD Wireless Infrastructures Applications J. Pasquale, UCSD, Cal-(IT) 2 Data Management

12 Operating System Services are Needed for Power / Performance Management Management of Power and Performance –Efficient Way to Exchange Energy/Power Related Info –Among Hardware / OS / Applications –Power-Aware API Application Power Aware API Power Aware Middleware POSIXPA-OSL Operating System Operating System Modified OS Services Hardware Abstraction Layer PA-HAL Hardware Rajesh Gupta UCI, Cal-(IT) 2

13 What is a SensorNet? Sensors –Physical, Chemical, Biological, Imaging,… Sensor Platform –Computing, Power, Storage, Radios, … Telecommunications Infrastructure –Wired, Wireless, Internet, … Sensor Arrays –Homogeneous, Inhomogeneous, Ad Hoc, … Layered Software Backend Data Systems

14 Low Power Biological, Chemical, Pollutant, Magnetic, Particulate Sensor Development Designed to Be Easily Manufactured –Can Be Chemically Modified to Be Specific –Compatible With Silicon Microfabrication Technologies Special Properties: –Low False Alarm Rate, Sensitive –Miniature, Portable, Lower Cost Target Markets: –Industrial Waste, Pollution Monitoring –Monitoring Public Spaces –Law Enforcement, First Responders, Medical Personnel Handheld Nanosensor Device for Sarin Nerve Agent Developed for DARPA Micro Unattended Ground Sensors program Mike Sailor, UCSD Chemistry, Cal-(IT) 2

15 Automobiles will Become SensorNet Platforms Campus Partnering for Implementation –UC Irvines Institution of Transportation Studies –UCSD Computer Vision and Robotics Research Caltrans ATMS Testbed + Cal-(IT) 2 = ZEVNET –50 Toyota Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEV) –Add GPS Tracking, Wireless Communications Source: Will Recker, UCI Living Laboratory

16 Maria Feng UCI Civil & Environmental Engineering Real-Time Monitoring of Bridges Through Wireless Internet SensorNets Data-Loggers Sensor Local Data Hub Control Center PC104 Wireless Internet Sensor UCI Users UCSD Caltrans Workstation

17 Millions of Video Cameras Will Add Image Data Streams to the Net London Underground –Initially 25,000 Video Cameras –Expansion to 250,000 Possible –British Transport Police Switch to Any Camera in 1 Sec. –Source: Telindus British CCTV System –Currently 2.5 Million CCTV Cameras Installed (NY Times) –Average London Citizen is Seen by 300 Cameras Per Day –Face Recognition Software Added in High Crime Areas Up to 6 Million Surveillance Cameras Across the USA in 5-7 Years –Privacy International Prediction

18 Experimenting with the Future -- Wireless Internet Video Cams & Robots Computer Vision and Robotics Research Lab Mohan Trivedi, UCSD, Cal-(IT) 2 Mobile Interactivity Avatar Linked by 1xEV Cellular Internet Useful for Quick Response to Disasters

19 HOTLINKs for Damage Locations using GPS and Digital Photos on GIS Integrate Remote Reconnaissance with Satellite Imagery and Ground SensorNets Maria Feng UCI Civil & Environmental Engineering

20 SensornetsReal-Time Data ROADNet ActiveCampus Health of Civil Infrastructure AUTONET Storage hardware Database Systems, Grid Storage, Filesystems Data Mining, Simulation Modeling, Analysis, Data Fusion Web Portal Customized to User Device Knowledge-Based Integration Advanced Query Processing Networked Storage (SAN) Visualization High speed networking Data and Knowledge Systems Are the Heart of Crisis Management

21 GIS Based Crisis Management Software Tools-- SAICs Consequences Assessment Tool Set (CATS) Prediction of Disaster Evolution – Hurricane, Earthquake, Terror Casualty Distribution Probabilities Response Management Source: SAIC

22 CATS California Governmental Users Burbank Fire Department Chino Valey Independent Fire District City of Anaheim City of Bakersfield Fire Department Colton Police Department Fremont Fire Department Kern County Fire Dept Idyllwild Fire Protection District Kings County Fire Department Livermore-Pleasanton Fire Department Marin County Fire Department Metro Water District of Southern CA Red Bluff Police Department Sacramento Reg. Fire/EMS Comm Center San Bernardino County Sheriffs Depart. San Bernardino Valley Municipal Water District San Diego County of Environmental Health San Diego County Health and Human Services San Diego County Office of Disaster Preparedness San Diego Fire and Life Safety Services San Diego Police Department Shasta County Sherrif Yuba City Fire Department

23 Data Mining Across Agency Stovepipes Is an Essential Next Step CRIMINAL JUSTICE EMERGENCY RESPONSE PUBLIC HEALTH SECURITY INTEGRATED INTELLIGENCE SYSTEM Local State Federal INFORMATION SOURCES Cal-(IT) 2 is Partnering With SAIC and Campuses On Emergency Preparedness Plan

24 Multi-Sensor Data Fusion Control Rooms Will Integrate SensorNets with Legacy Data Integrate –Situational Awareness –Common Operational Picture –Local Data Warehouse with Remote Data Access –AI Data Mining of Distributed Databases –Spatial Data Analysis –Consequences Assessment Tool Set Source: Panoram Technologies

25 Developing Optically Linked Distributed Analysis, Command, & Control Centers Driven by Data-Intensive Applications –Real Time Seismic –Emergency Response –Medical Imaging Linked UCSD and SDSU –Dedication March 4, 2002 Linking Control Rooms Cox, Panoram, SAIC, SGI, IBM, TeraBurst Networks SD Telecom Council

26 Next Step is to Create a SoCal Optical Experimental Network

27 Using the Internet to Link Multiple Sites into a Collaborative Interactive Visualization Space Access Grid Lead-Argonne NSF STARTAP Lead-UICs Elec. Vis. Lab Access Grid is Being Used in Over a Hundred Sites

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