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Technology Trends: New Capabilities in the Next Five Years CalTRANS Visit UCSD September 26, 2002 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications.

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Presentation on theme: "Technology Trends: New Capabilities in the Next Five Years CalTRANS Visit UCSD September 26, 2002 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications."— Presentation transcript:

1 Technology Trends: New Capabilities in the Next Five Years CalTRANS Visit UCSD September 26, 2002 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technologies Harry E. Gruber Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD

2 Cal-(IT) 2 A Integrated Approach to the New Internet 220 UC San Diego & UC Irvine Faculty Working in Multidisciplinary Teams With Students, Industry, and the Community The States $100 M Creates Unique Buildings, Equipment, and Laboratories

3 Over Fifty Industrial Sponsors From a Broad Range of Industries Akamai Technologies Inc. AMCC Ampersand Ventures Arch Ventures The Boeing Company Broadcom Corporation CAIMIS, Inc. Conexant Systems, Inc. Connexion by Boeing Cox Communications Diamondhead Ventures Dupont Emulex Corporation Network Systems Enosys Markets Enterprise Partners Entropia, Inc. Ericsson ESRI Extreme Networks Global Photon Systems Graviton IBM Computers Communications Software Sensors Biomedical Startups Venture Capital Newport Corporation Oracle Orincon Industries Panoram Technologies Printronix QUALCOMM Quantum The R.W. Johnson Pharmaceutical Research Institute SAIC Samueli, Henry (Broadcom) SciFrame, Inc. Seagate Storage Products SGI Silicon Wave Sony STMicroelectronics, Inc. Sun Microsystems TeraBurst Networks Texas Instruments Time Domain UCSD Healthcare The Unwired Fund WebEx IdeaEdge Ventures The Irvine Company Intersil Corporation Irvine Sensors Corporation JMI, Inc. Leap Wireless International Link, William J. (Versant Ventures) Litton Industries, Inc. MedExpert International Merck Microsoft Corporation Mission Ventures NCR

4 Soon The Internet Will Be Available Throughout the Physical World 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000 1999200020012002200320042005 Mobile Internet Fixed Internet Subscribers (millions) Source: Ericsson

5 Internet Services Are Beginning to Make Money Combination Of: –Nice Color Screen Phones –Reasonable Data Transport on 1x –New Applications –Good Content Average Revenue Per User Up 57% Since Q1 2001 Source: Roberto Padovani, Qualcomm

6 Toward SensorNets for Civil Infrastructure Fully Instrumented Transportation System –Sensor Fields on Bridges and Roads –Multi-media Sensor Nets –Vehicle Sensors and Geolocation Systems Emerging Wireless/Wired Internet Infrastructure –Wi-Fi Local –Cellular Wide Area –Free Space Optics –Fiber Along Road and on Bridges

7 Attacking Traffic Congestion with Industry and State Government Campus Partnering for Implementation –UC Irvines Institution of Transportation Studies –UCSD Computer Vision and Robotics Research Caltrans ATMS Testbed + Cal-(IT) 2 = ZEVNET –50 Toyota Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEV) –Add GPS Tracking, Wireless Communications Source: Will Recker, UCI Living Laboratory

8 SensorNets: A Fast Growing Field of Academic Research February 20-21, 2002 Sponsored by Cal-(IT) 2 and UCSD

9 MEMS & Nanotechology for Remote Sensors Are a Focus of Cal-(IT) 2 Smart Dust Nanowires Mike Sailor, et al, UCSD Chemistry, Cal-(IT) 2 For Volatile Organic Compounds and Chemical Agents Silicon Photonic CrystalsPolysilole

10 Low Power Biological, Chemical, Pollutant, Magnetic, Particulate Sensor Development Desired Properties: –Low False Alarm Rate, Sensitive –Miniature, Portable, Lower Cost Handheld Nanosensor Device for Sarin Nerve Agent Developed for DARPA Detection of Explosives TNT-contaminated thumbprint on a transit ticket from the San Francisco BART line Mike Sailor, et al, UCSD Chemistry, Cal-(IT)2

11 Adding Wireless Sensors to Systems-on-Chip Will Create Brilliant Sensors Applications Memory Protocol Processors DSP Embedded Software Sensors Source: Sujit Dey, UCSD ECE Radio Critical New Role of Power Aware Systems Internet Ad Hoc Hierarchical Networks of Brilliant Sensors

12 NSFs ROADnetBringing SensorNets to the Dirt Roads and the High Seas High Bandwidth Wireless Internet –Linking Sensors for: –Seismology –Oceanography –Climate –Hydrology –Ecology –Geodesy –Real-Time Data Management Joint Collaboration Between: –SIO / IGPP –UCSD –SDSC / HPWREN –SDSU –Cal-(IT) 2 Industrial Cost Sharing Santa Margarita Ecological Reserve R/V Revelle in Lyttleton, NZ

13 SensorNetsReal-Time Data Storage hardware Database Systems, Grid Storage, Filesystems Data Mining, Simulation Modeling, Analysis, Data Fusion Web Portal Customized to User Device Knowledge-Based Integration Advanced Query Processing Networked Storage (SAN) Visualization High speed networking The Heart of a SensorNet is the Data System that Supports Decisions The SDSC/Cal-(IT) 2 Knowledge and Data Engineering Laboratory

14 Why Optical Networks Are Emerging as the 21 st Century Driver Scientific American, January 2001

15 NSFs EarthScope Projects Are Producing an Explosion of Large Data Synthetic Aperature Radar (SAR) –Digital Terrain Dataset of California > a Billion Points –Repeat SAR Images of Ground Deformation –Earth Change and Hazard Observatory (ECHO) SAR Mission US Array –Broadband Seismometer Array –Permanent GPS Geodesy Reference Network Source: Frank Vernon (IGPP SIO, UCSD)

16 Rollout Over 14 Years Starting With Existing Broadband Stations

17 Providing a 21 st Century Internet Grid Infrastructure Tightly Coupled Optically-Connected OptIPuter Core Wireless Sensor Nets, Personal Communicators Loosely Coupled Peer-to-Peer Computing & Storage Routers

18 ½ Mile The OptIPuter Project is Allowing UCSD to Develop a Futuristic Optical Networking Fabric SDSC SIO Medicine Phase I, Fall 02 Physical Sciences Arts Engineeing Preuss School Sixth College Phase II, Jan. 03 Cal-(IT) 2 Phase III, Dec 04

19 Metro Optically Linked Visualization Walls with Industrial Partners Set Stage for Federal Grant Driven by SensorNets Data –Real Time Seismic –Environmental Monitoring –Distributed Collaboration –Emergency Response Linked UCSD and SDSU –Dedication March 4, 2002 Linking Control Rooms Cox, Panoram, SAIC, SGI, IBM, TeraBurst Networks SD Telecom Council UCSD SDSU 44 Miles of Cox Fiber

20 Coronado Bridge Multi-Media Control Room UCSD Computer Vision and Robotics Research Lab A RoadNET Project

21 From Telephone Conference Calls to International Video Meetings Access Grid Lead-Argonne NSF STARTAP Lead-UICs Elec. Vis. Lab Now Over 100 Sites

22 CENIC and CISI Have Partnered on Optical Network Which Links to All Counties CENIC/Carrier POP Carrier OpAmp Site Backbone Carrier Fiber Campus-MAN Demark Campus Campus Network MPOE Campus Fiber Last Mile Fiber Future Last Mile Fiber Backbone 10Gig Optional Carrier Fiber Pacific Light Rail 10G

23 Planning for Optically Linking Crisis Management Control Rooms in California California Office of Emergency Services, Sacramento, CA

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