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Cal-(IT) 2 Fundamental Physics Research will Power the New Internet Invited Talk to the UCSD Physics Department Brown Bag La Jolla, CA January 8, 2001.

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Presentation on theme: "Cal-(IT) 2 Fundamental Physics Research will Power the New Internet Invited Talk to the UCSD Physics Department Brown Bag La Jolla, CA January 8, 2001."— Presentation transcript:


2 Cal-(IT) 2 Fundamental Physics Research will Power the New Internet Invited Talk to the UCSD Physics Department Brown Bag La Jolla, CA January 8, 2001 Larry Smarr, Cal-(IT) 2

3 Cal-(IT) 2 Proposed UC San Diego and UC Irvine California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology 220 Faculty and Senior Researchers Layered Structure –Materials and Devices –Networked Infrastructure –Interfaces and Software –Strategic Applications –Policy New Funding Model (4 Years) –State $100M –Industry $140M –Private $30 M –Campus $30M –Federal $ M –Total $ M One of Three Awarded

4 Cal-(IT) 2 The Conceptual Framework of Cal-(IT) 2

5 Cal-(IT) 2 Novel Materials and Devices are Needed in Every Part of the New Internet Materials and Devices Team, UCSD

6 Cal-(IT) 2 Components for Assembling Microdevices Valveless Microfluidics Mechanical Stress and Acceleration Sensors Micro Optical Assemblies (Lenses and Mirrors) MEMS structures fabricated and tested at the UCI Integrated Nanosystems Research Facility

7 Cal-(IT) 2 Nanoelectronics Holds the Promise of Extending Moores Law Because of the recent rapid and radical progress in molecular electronics – where individual atoms and molecules replace lithographically drawn transistors – and related nanoscale technologies, we should be able to meet or exceed the Moores Law rate of progress for another 30 years. --Bill Joy, in Why the Future Doesnt Need Us, Wired April 2000

8 Cal-(IT) 2 Nanotechnology Blurs the Distinction Between Biology and Physics 50 nanometers Human Rhinovirus IBM Quantum Corral Iron Atoms on Copper

9 Cal-(IT) 2 Simulation of Semiconductor Laser Diodes Three Interacting Problems –Carrier Transport (Shockley Eqns.) –Electromagnetic Modes (Maxwell Eqns.) –Quantum Mechanical Energy States (Schroedinger Eqns.) Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers –Optical Cavity Formed in Vertical Direction –Light Taken From Top of Device (Surface Emission) –Mirrors Formed by Stacks of Dielectric Layers Hess, Grupen, Oyafuso, Klein, & Register National Center for Computational Electronics

10 Cal-(IT) 2 UCSD Cal-(IT) 2 Materials and Devices Program Faculty Students and Post Docs Technical support staff Advanced fabrication and characterization facility: State-of-the-art capability for materials and device processing/analysis GaAs-based low-power MOS GaN-based microwave transistors Chemical/ biological sensors Spintronics Nanophotonic components High-speed optical switches Materials theory/ simulation Novel electronic materials Advanced display materials Molecular materials/ devices Nanoscale ultralow power electronics Source: UCSD M&D Group

11 Cal-(IT) 2 Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center Proposal Multidisciplinary Team –UCSD Physics (Schuller, Sham, Dynes, Hellman) –UCSD ECE, Chem, Bioeng, MAE, Chem Eng, others Nanoscale Devices and Systems Architectures –Nanoelectronics –Nanophotonics Biosystems at the Nanoscale –Nanofabrication by Biomolecular Recognition –Electrochemical Nanofabrication –Light Tweezers Nanoscale Structures, Novel Phenomena, and Quantum Effects –Nanolithography and Growth –Nanoscale Characterization –Quantum Effects

12 Cal-(IT) 2 Planned Cal-(IT) 2 UCSD Clean Room Facility

13 Cal-(IT) 2 BI / NCSA Remote Scanning Tunneling Microscope Source: Lyding, Brady

14 Cal-(IT) 2 VCSEL + Near-field polarizer : Efficient polarization control,mode stabilization, and heat management Composite nonlinear, E-O, and artificial dielectric materials control and enhance near-field coupling Near-field coupling between pixels in Form-birefringent CGH (FBCGH) FBCGH possesses dual-functionality such as focusing and beam steering Wavelength ( m) Reflectivity TE TM Information I/O through surface wave, guided wave,and optical fiber from near-field edge and surface coupling Near-field E-O modulator controls optical properties and near-field micro-cavity enhances the effect +V-V Angle (degree) TM Efficiency Near-field E-O Modulator + micro-cavity FBCGH VCSEL Near-field E-O coupler Micro polarizer Fiber tip Grating coupler Thickness ( m) TM 0th order efficiency RCWA Transparency Theory Near-field coupling Nanotechnology Will be Essential for Photonics Source: Shaya Fainman, UCSD

15 Cal-(IT) 2 Building a Quantum Network Will Require Three Important Advances The development of a robust means of creating, storing and entangling quantum bits and using them for transmission, synchronization and teleportation The development of the mathematical underpinnings and algorithms necessary to implement quantum protocols The development of a repeater for long distance transmission with the minimum number of quantum gates consistent with error free transmission DARPA

16 Cal-(IT) 2 Quantum Telecommunications Systems DARPA Proposal Multidisciplinary Team (UCSD, CalTech) –Physics (Sham, Schuller, Goodkind, Scherer) –Math (Meyers, Wallach) –ECE (Fainman, Yu, Rao, Tu) Protocols for Secure Quantum Communication Quantum Devices General Quantum Telecommunication Systems –Algorithms –Quantum Channel Characterization –Bandwidth Enhancement

17 Cal-(IT) 2 Possible Multiple Qubit Quantum Computer SEM picture of posts fabricated at the Cornell Nanofabrication Facility –PI John Goodkind (UCSD Physics) & Roberto Panepucci of the CNF Electrons Floating over Liquid He One Electron per Gold Post 500 nm NSF ITR PROGRAM CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY/ UCSD/MICHIGAN STATE

18 Cal-(IT) 2 The Wireless Internet will Transform Computational Science and Engineering Teraflop Supercomputers Simulate in Dynamic 3D Evolving a System Requires Knowing the Initial State Add Wireless Sensors and Embedded Processors –Give Detailed State Information –Allows for Comparison of Simulation with Reality Computational Fields –Environmental Modeling –Civil Infrastructure Responses to Earthquakes –Ecological Modeling –Biomedical Systems –Intelligent Transportation

19 Cal-(IT) 2 The Wireless Internet Adds Bio-Chemical-Physical Sensors to the Grid From Experiments to Wireless Infrastructure Scripps Institution of Oceanography San Diego Supercomputer Center Cal-(IT) 2 Building on Pioneering Work of Hans-Werner Braun & Frank Vernon Source: John Orcutt, SIO

20 Cal-(IT) 2 Bringing the Civil Infrastructure Online New Bay Bridge Tower with Lateral Shear Links Wireless Sensor Arrays Linked to Crisis Management Control Rooms Source: UCSD Structural Engineering Dept.

21 Cal-(IT) 2 The High Performance Wireless Research and Education Network NSF Funded PI, Hans-Werner Braun, SDSC Co-PI, Frank Vernon, SIO 45mbps Duplex Backbone Linking Astronomical Observatories to the Internet is a Major Driver

22 Cal-(IT) 2 Wireless Antennas Anchor Network High Speed Backbone Source: Hans-Werner Braun, SDSC

23 Cal-(IT) 2 Coming -- The Grid Physics Network Petabyte-scale computational environment for data intensive science –CMS and Atlas Projects of the Large Hadron Collider –Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory –Sloan Digital Sky Survey (200 million objects each with ~100 attributes) Paul Avery (Univ. of Florida) and Ian Foster (U. Chicago and ANL), Lead PIs –Largest NSF Information Technology Research Grant –20 Institutions Involved –$12 million over four years –Requires distributed megacomputer

24 Cal-(IT) 2 Entropias Planetary Computer Grew to a Teraflop in Only Two Years Deployed in Over 80 Countries The Great Mersenne Prime (2 P -1) Search (GIMPS) Found the First Million Digit Prime

25 Cal-(IT) 2 Demonstrated that PC Internet Computing Could Grow to Megacomputers Running on 500,000 PCs, ~1000 CPU Years per Day –485,821 CPU Years so far Sophisticated Data & Signal Processing Analysis Distributes Datasets from Arecibo Radio Telescope Next Step- Allen Telescope Array

26 Cal-(IT) 2 Companies Competing for Leadership in Internet Computing Intel Establishes Peer-to-Peer Working Group

27 Cal-(IT) 2 Entropia Donation brings Internet Computing to Scientific Researchers Two Agreements Announced November 9, 2000 at SC00 –Entropia, Inc., and the Alliance –Entropia, Inc., and the NPACI Entropia Will Donate 200 Million CPU Hours to PACI Program –Largest Computing Platform for National Academic User Community –Comparable to 10 Years Capacity of the Largest LES Systems Empower Computational Scientists –Access to Massive Resources Drive Development of Computer Science –Scalable Computational Algorithms and Techniques Andrew Chien, Entropia, SC00

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