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The 21st Century Internet California's New Critical Infrastructure Keynote Address California Council on Science and Technology Sacramento, CA May 22,

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Presentation on theme: "The 21st Century Internet California's New Critical Infrastructure Keynote Address California Council on Science and Technology Sacramento, CA May 22,"— Presentation transcript:

1 The 21st Century Internet California's New Critical Infrastructure Keynote Address California Council on Science and Technology Sacramento, CA May 22, 2002 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technologies Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD

2 Californias Institutes for Science and Innovation Are New Network Drivers UCSB UCLA California NanoSystems Institute UCSF UCB California Institute for Bioengineering, Biotechnology, and Quantitative Biomedical Research UCI UCSD California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society UCSC UCD UCM

3 Cal-(IT) 2 -- An Integrated Approach to Research on the Future of the Internet 220 UCSD & UCI Faculty Working in Multidisciplinary Teams With Students, Industry, and the Community Over Fifty Industrial Partners SDSU is an Academic Partner

4 Wireless Access--Anywhere, Anytime –Broadband Speeds –Cellular Interoperating with Wi-Fi Billions of New Wireless Internet End Points –Information Appliances (Including Cell Phones) –Sensors and Actuators –Embedded Processors In Search of New Applications and Services –Civilian –Scientific and Engineering Research –Commercial Business –Military –External Defense –Homeland Security Cal-(IT) 2 Will Live in the Future of the Always-On Internet

5 How Can the Future Internet Enhance Capabilities for Homeland Security? Three Tier System –Wireless SensorNets Brings Data to Repositories –Collaborative Crisis Management Data Centers –Remote Wireless Devices Interrogate Databases Building a Living-in-the-Future Laboratory –UCSD, UCI, and SDSU Campuses –San Diego, Orange County, Cross Border –California Office of Emergency Services

6 Soon The Internet Will Be Available Throughout the Physical World 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000 1999200020012002200320042005 Mobile Internet Fixed Internet Subscribers (millions) Source: Ericsson

7 Using Students to Invent the Future of Widespread Use of Wireless Pocket PCs Year- Long Living Laboratory Experiment 2001-02 –Computer Science & Engineering Undergraduates –500+ Wireless-Enabled HP Pocket PCs at UC San Diego –50 Compaq Pocket PCs at UC Irvine Currently Using Local Area Network Wireless Internet Experiments with Geo-location and Interactive Maps Cal-(IT) 2 Team: Bill Griswold, Gabriele Wienhausen, UCSD; Rajesh Gupta, UCI UC San Diego UC Irvine

8 Commercialization of Advanced Technology for Home Land Security Project, May 2002 Source: Mohan Trivedi, UC San Diego Digital Tele-Viewer: Extension 1 DTV on PDA: High Portability Interactive Video into a Handheld PDA –802.11 network access –C++/Java based –Pocket PC or Palm Pilot

9 Bandwidth Bay, MetroConnect, San Diego Telecom Council,, … Hot Spot Hot Zone Source:Matt Spathas, SENTRE Partners Initial Steps Toward Providing Public IP Tone

10 Wireless Internet is Moving Throughout The Physical World First US Taste of 3G Cellular Internet –UCSD Jacobs School Antenna –First Beta Test Site Linking to 802.11 Mobile Bubble –Tested on CyberShuttle –Joint Project with Campus –From Railway to Campus at 65 mph! Rooftop Qualcomm 1xEV Access Point

11 Creating a Mobile Bubble With a Briefcase…

12 Putting Automobiles on the Internet ZEVNET Launched April 18, 2002 –50 Toyota Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEV) –Telematics Adds GPS Tracking, Wireless, Sensors Campus Partnering for Implementation: –UC Irvines Institution of Transportation Studies –UCSD Computer Vision and Robotics Research Source: Will Recker, UCI Cal-(IT) 2 Living Laboratory

13 Using the FCC Unlicensed Band to Create a High Speed Wireless Backbone The High Performance Wireless Research and Education Network A Cal-(IT) 2 Academic Partner Enabling a Broad Set of Science Applications and Crisis Management Allows for SensorNet Deployment to Remote Locations NSF Funded PI, Hans-Werner Braun, SDSC Co-PI, Frank Vernon, SIO 45mbps Duplex Backbone

14 HPWREN Project Demo of Fast Setup Wireless Internet for Crisis Response A Cal-(IT) 2 Academic Partner

15 Multi-Sensor Data Fusion Control Rooms Will Integrate SensorNets with Legacy Data Integrate –Situational Awareness –Common Operational Picture –Local Data Warehouse with Remote Data Access –AI Data Mining of Distributed Databases –Spatial Data Analysis –Consequences Assessment Tool Set Source: Panoram Technologies

16 Getting The Total Operational Picture Source: Cal OES

17 Developing Optically Linked Distributed Analysis, Command, & Control Centers Driven by SensorNets Data –Emergency Response –Real Time Seismic –Environmental Monitoring Linked UCSD and SDSU –Dedication March 4, 2002 Next StepLink to OES Situation Room Sacramento Linking Control Rooms Cox, Panoram, SAIC, SGI, IBM, TeraBurst Networks SD Telecom Council UCSD SDSU 44 Miles of Cox Fiber

18 CENIC and CISI Plan to Create CalREN-XD An Experimental and Research Network CENIC/Carrier POP Carrier OpAmp Site Backbone Carrier Fiber Campus-MAN Demark Campus Campus Network MPOE Campus Fiber Last Mile Fiber Future Last Mile Fiber Backbone 10Gig Optional Carrier Fiber Pacific Light Rail 10G

19 Exploring the Future of SensorNets February 20-21, 2002 Sponsored by Cal-(IT) 2 and UCSD

20 Environmental SensorNets Air and Water Pollution Sensor Development –Lead is Michael Sailor, UCSD Chemistry –Initially Temperature, Humidity, CO –Later Add CO 2, Ozone, NO x Wireless Internet Prototyping Sites –UCSD Campus –SDSUs Santa Margarita –Ecological Reserve –Rapid Prototyping Site –Linked to UCSD via HPWREN Testbed for Homeland Security Sarin Nerve Agent Detector, Mike Sailor, UCSD

21 Link in ROADnetBringing SensorNets to the Dirt Roads and the High Seas High Bandwidth Wireless Internet –Linking Sensors for: –Seismology –Oceanography –Climate –Hydrology –Ecology –Geodesy –Real-Time Data Management Joint Collaboration Between: –SIO / IGPP –UCSD –SDSC / HPWREN –SDSU –Cal-(IT) 2 Santa Margarita Ecological Reserve R/V Revelle in Lyttleton, NZ

22 Source: Maria Feng UCI Civil & Environmental Engineering Wireless Internet SensorNets Enable Real-Time Monitoring of Bridges and Buildings Data-Loggers Sensor Local Data Hub Control Center PC104 Wireless Internet Sensor UCI Users UCSD Caltrans Data Mining

23 UCSD Mt. Soledad Coronado Bridge ~3 miles ~12 miles Source: Mohan Trivedi, UC San Diego Distributed Interactive Video Arrays Coronado Bridge Demonstration May 15, 2002 UCSD Team Members –ROADnet Team –SDSC, HPWREN –SIO, Seismic Sensors –Structural Engineering, Bridge Sensors –CVRR Lab, Video Arrays ONR, SPAWAR

24 The Equipment Needed to Set Up a Multi-Function SensorNet

25 Putting the Coronado Bridge On-line With the HPWREN

26 Multi-Media Control Room UCSD Computer Vision and Robotics Research Lab

27 Prototyping an Early Warning System for Developing Emergency Situations Goal: Correlate E911 Phone Calls With Other Emergency Data Universal Emergency Telephone Number 9-1-1 – State Collects Data on Use of 9-1-1 but Only Reported Monthly –Approx. 60,000 - 80,000 9-1-1 Calls/Day in CA – Project Goal--Generate Immediate, Dynamic Information Map –Integrate with Hospital, Seismic, and Other Data Sources Pilot Project Proposed to NSF –Partnership for Management and Analysis of Real-Time Data in Emergency Response Applications –Spatial Analysis of 9-1-1 Automatic Location Indicator (ALI) Data –With Complementary Event Data in Real-Time –(e.g. Real-time Seismic Data, Hospital Data) Partners – State - Governors Office of Emergency Services (OES) – UCSD - SIO / SDSC / Cal-(IT)2 – Industry – Public Safety Network, Polexis, Verizon

28 SensornetsReal-Time Data ROADNet ActiveCampus Health of Civil Infrastructure AUTONET Storage hardware Database Systems, Grid Storage, Filesystems Data Mining, Simulation Modeling, Analysis, Data Fusion Web Portal Customized to User Device Knowledge-Based Integration Advanced Query Processing Networked Storage (SAN) Visualization High speed networking Data and Knowledge Systems Are the Heart of Crisis Management Source: Chaitan Baru, SDSC The SDSC/Cal-(IT) 2 Knowledge and Data Engineering Laboratory

29 Data Mining Across Agency Stovepipes Is an Essential Next Step CRIMINAL JUSTICE EMERGENCY RESPONSE PUBLIC HEALTH SECURITY INTEGRATED INTELLIGENCE SYSTEM Local State Federal INFORMATION SOURCES Cal-(IT) 2 is Partnering With SAIC and Campuses On Emergency Preparedness Plan

30 Prevailing wind Warm zone Compromised Transportation Corridor Hot Zone Improving Emergency Response With the Always-On Internet Source: Dr. Leslie Lenert, UCSD SOM Transportation Assets With Mobile Internet Bubble Field Treatment Station Mobile Bubbles Patient RF IDs First Responder PDAs Electronic record of field care Hospital #1 Hospital #2 Stadium WMD Attack Transport station Incident command center 2-Way Telemedicine Control Room GPS Tracking High Bandwidth

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