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Building CineGrid on GLIF Tom DeFanti Research Scientist California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology University of California,

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Presentation on theme: "Building CineGrid on GLIF Tom DeFanti Research Scientist California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology University of California,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Building CineGrid on GLIF Tom DeFanti Research Scientist California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology University of California, San Diego Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Computer Science University of Illinois at Chicago Laurin Herr Pacific Interface, Inc.

2 Digital Movies and Beyond 4K x 24 2K x 24 HD 2 x 30 HD x 24 - 60 HDV x 24 - 60 4K 2 x 24/30 2K 2 x 24 8K x 60 Consumer HD HDTV Stereo HD Digital Cinema Stereo 4K 8K (projector) 25 Mbps 100 Mbps - 1.5 Gbps 200 Mbps - 3 Gbps 250 Mbps - 7.6 Gbps 500 Mbps - 15.2 Gbps 1 - 24 Gbps Tiled Displays 10 - 100s Gbps 10s to 100s of Megapixels Source: Laurin Herr

3 Economic Impact of Cinema in California Major Employment from Movie Industry in California by County In 2005, movie production provided employment for over 245,000 Californians, with an associated payroll of more than $17 billion A 2-hour movie digitally scanned and compressed at 500Mb/s takes 450 GBytes Hollywood alone makes 250 movies a year Source: Laurin Herr and Jerry Sheehan

4 CiscoWave: New Capacity for CineGrid Members CiscoWave core PoP 10GE waves on NLR and CENIC (LA to SD) Equinix 818 W. 7th St. Los Angeles PacificWave 1000 Denny Way (Westin Bldg.) Seattle Level3 1360 Kifer Rd. Sunnyvale StarLight Northwestern Univ Chicago Calit2 San Diego McLean CENIC Wave Cisco has built 10 GigE waves on NLR and installed big 6506 switches for access points in San Diego, Los Angeles, Sunnyvale, Seattle, Chicago and McLean for CineGrid Members Some of these points are also GLIF GOLEs Source: John (JJ) Jamison

5 What is CineGrid? CineGrid is a non-profit international membership organization established in 2007 based on collaborative efforts, since iGrid 2002 in Amsterdam, of leaders in the fields of advanced networking and digital media technology from Japan, America, Canada, and Europe. CineGrid is building an interdisciplinary community for the research, development, and demonstration of networked collaborative tools to enable the production, use, and exchange of very high-quality digital media over photonic networks. CineGrid is built on GLIF links by GLIF members. CineGrid organizes major demonstrations with many GLIF users.

6 Historic Convergence Motivates CineGrid State of the art of visualization is always driven by three communities –Entertainment, media, art and culture –Science, medicine, education and research –Military, intelligence, security and police All three communities are converting to digital media with converging requirements –Fast networking with similar profiles –Access shared instruments, specialized computers and massive storage –Collaboration tools for distributed, remote teams –Robust security for their intellectual property –Upgraded systems to allow higher visual quality, greater speed, more distributed applications –A next generation of trained professionals

7 CineGrid Founding Members Keio University DMC Lucasfilm Ltd. NTT Network Innovation Laboratories Pacific Interface Inc. Ryerson University/Rogers Communications Centre San Francisco State University/INGI Sony Electronics America University of Amsterdam University of California San Diego/Calit2/CRCA University of Illinois Chicago/EVL University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign/NCSA University of Southern California/School of Cinematic Arts University of Washington/Research Channel The Founding Members of CineGrid are an extraordinary mix of media arts schools, research universities, and scientific laboratories connected by 1GE and 10GE networks used for research and education

8 CineGrid Institutional Members California Academy of Sciences Dark Strand JVC America Louisiana State University CCT Nortel Networks Renaissance Computing Institute (RENCI) Sharp Labs USA Sharp Corporation Tohoku University/Kawamata Laboratory Waag Society CineGrid members operate their own digital media facilities and cyberinfrastructure for digital cinema and HDTV production, post- production, distribution and exhibition distributed on a global scale, as well as for telepresence, distance learning and scientific visualization.

9 CineGrid Network / Exchange Members CANARIE CENIC CESNET Cisco Systems CzechLight Japan Gigabit Network 2 National LambdaRail NetherLight PacificWave Pacific North West GigaPOP StarLight SURFnet WIDE CineGrid Network/Exchange Members are GLIF Members too

10 CineGrid Members Research Live performance streaming/video conferencing in 4K and HD with multi- channel sound, point-to-point, one-to-many, and many-to-one Remote recording of uncompressed 4K camera output in real-time Stereoscopic motion pictures - acquisition, computer generation and display Networked multi-channel audio solutions with low latency, accurate sync Remote collaboration workflows and interactive creative tools Use of dynamic optical networks Collaboration on tiled displays to 100s of megapixels Digital archiving, long-term preservation, and secure distribution Digital media format conversion, compression and enhancement Digital film restoration using distributed cluster computing resources Training and methodologies for next generation media professionals

11 Digital Cinema at Calit2 200 seats 1GE to every seat 4K 10000-lumen Sony SXRD 10.2 sound 10GE networking to the projector servers: NTT JPEG2000 Zaxel Zaxstar Dell/Nvidia graphics

12 CineGrid Node at Keio University/DMC, Tokyo SXRD-105 4K Projector Imagica 4K Film Scanner Sony 4K Projectors Olympus 4K Cameras NTT JPEG2000 Codec

13 Presentation in 4K Sonys SXRD 4K projector (5000 or 10000 lumens) –R for Digital Cinema HD-SDI inputs, S for DVI inputs JVCs 4K projector (3500 lumens) –Good for rear projection--see it at SC07 Chimeis Quad-HD LCD panels –Toshiba, Astro Design, Barco(?),others Sharps DCI 4K LCD displays –DCI Cinema Specification (10-bit color, etc.) OptIPortal Tiled-display for more than 4K Source: Dr. Ohta, Keio University

14 Shooting 4K: Digital Motion Picture Cameras Olympus OctaVision (Quad-HD: 3840 x 2160) –Developed 5 years ago –Real-time transmission of quad-HD Dalsa Origin II –Cinema lens is available –De-Bayering is necessary RED Source: Dr. Ohta, Keio University Coming: Sony 4K Camera

15 Live 4K Video via JPEG2000 (Sender) 4K motion picture camera 4 x HD-SDI ADAT (to HDSP 9652) 4K JPEG2000 Encoder HD-SDI SW 1-10 Gb/s JPEG2000 Board Only way to do this today Source: Dr. Ohta, Keio University

16 Live 4K Video via JPEG2000 (Receiver) ADAT from HDSP 9652 4K JPEG2000 Decoder JPEG2000 Board 1-10 Gb/s 4K Auditorium 4K Projector Source: Dr. Ohta, Keio University

17 Everyday 4K Pre-encoded File Streaming 1Gb/s E ADAT form HDSP 9652 Encoded File WAV File Streaming Server 4K JPEG2000 Decoder Source: Dr. Ohta, Keio University

18 Shooting Scene in Milan

19 3840x2160 24Psf 10bit UDR HD-SDI 3840x2160 24Psf 10bit lin 3840x2160 29.97 Psf 10bit lin File naming & Numbering HD CRT Rec. 709 D65 G2.2 Optical Fiber (up to 300 meters) 4K HDD Recorder Portable 4K HDD Recorder Portable HD CRT Rec. 709 D65 G2.2 Converter BNC carries HD-SDI 10-bit 4:2:2 single-link SMPTE 292M Optical fiber carries: 4 HD-SDI Back Up 17 LCD Rec. 709 D65 G2.2 WFM Olympus Octavision Camera Olympus Octavision Camera WFM Duomo CSC RAID5 4K HDD Recorder Station 4K HDD Recorder Station RAID5 Olympus Recorder Olympus Recorder Production Workflow Recording (Olympus OctaVision Case) Source: Dr. Ohta, Keio University

20 HD CRT DSM DCD M Screen (SXRD) Screen (SXRD) Rec. 709 D65 G2.2Rec. 709 D65 G2.6 XSAN Quantel iQ (Pablo) Quantel iQ (Pablo) 3840x2160 24Psf 16bit Tiff 4096x2160 24Psf 16bit Tiff GbE 4096x2160 24Psf 10bit DPX lin Doremi Encoder Doremi Encoder HDSDI 4096x2160 24Psf 12bit jpeg2000 lin DCI Compliant Server DCI Compliant Server Finishing (Titling etc.) 4K Rendering Offline & Online Editing 16bi t Tiff Final Cut Pro Offline Editing (rough) Resize 4K to 1280x720 Select and Delete Images Import Selected images Digital Color Grading RomeMilano Screening DCP Exchange Format ? Post Production Workflow Example Source: Dr. Ohta, Keio University

21 4K Pure Cinema Joint Field Trial 2005 WB-NTT-TOHO via CineGrid NTT GemNet2 1 Gbps Seattle Los Angeles Japan US Tokyo Osaka Distribution center 1 West Theater C Toho s Fiber network CineGrid 1 Gbps GDMX* WBEI GDMX* WBEI NTTs Fiber network Yokosuka Theater A Toho Theater B Toho Compression, Encryption, File wrapping 1 Gbps Key center Key management * Global Digital Media Xchange Distribution center 2 (NTT) Dubbing, Subtitling 1 Gbps Daiba RoppongiTakatsuki Studio WBEI Studio WBEI Burbank Color adjust, Quality control

22 CineGrid@AES October 2006 Keio DMC Tokyo CineGrid International Networks LDAC Premiere Theater UCSD San Diego USC LA Sync NTT JPEG2000 Servers Sony 4K Audio CineGrid California Networks ProTools Audio Server Yamaha Mixers Sync DVTS Sony DV NTT JPEG2000 CODEC and Server Olympus 4K Camera

23 CineGrid @ AES 2006 Keio Wagner Society String Ensemble

24 Holland Fest (6/20-22/07) on CineGrid ERA LA NOTTE Star soprano Anna Maria Antonacci sang solo madrigals from the Italian baroque in the setting of a theatrical concert ( ) 4K transmission –JPEG2000 Compressed (500Mb/s) via IRNC/C(ON)2/CAVEwave to Calit2 on Wednesday –Uncompressed via IRNC/JGN2 to Keio on Friday (8bGb/s) DVCPRO-HD transmission –Compressed (135MB/s) via IRNC/C(ON)2/CAVEwave to Calit2 on Thursday –Replicated and sent to USC, UW, UIC, Ryerson, (Stockholm), Barcelona, (Prague) as 135Mb/s streams, decoded by PCs All done with vlans set up in a week or so


26 Swimming Fiber the Last 500m to the Muziekgebouw Photo: Ronald van der Pol

27 HD-SDI AJA GE 2x GE GE 10 GE PC with iHDTV Remote baselight console Baselight output SONY SXRD projector Baselight C7604 e300 DVCPRO HD Camera Videoconf input HD-SDI starlight Qvidium gateway PC with Qvidium SW Videoconference output Videoconference output DVCPRO HD Camera Videoconf input GE HD-SDI 2x GE GE i-Link COLOR CORRECTION SETUP – GLIF Demo

28 Summary: CineGrid on GLIF A new goal for GOLEs: global access to cinema production & post production –Geographic location need no longer be a barrier to your customers creating with the highest media production quality –You can bring your local talent and facilities to distant places –You can show support for your projects nationally and internationally –You will point to increased revenue and employment growth in your media industries working with world-wide collaborators, as well as observable bandwidth utilization of GLIF-style networks

29 Thank You Very Much! Our planning, research, and education efforts are made possible, in major part, by funding from: –US National Science Foundation (NSF) awards ANI-0225642, EIA- 0115809, and SCI-0441094 –State of California, Calit2 UCSD Division –State of Illinois I-WIRE Program, and major UIC cost sharing Argonne National Laboratory and Northwestern University for StarLight networking and management National Lambda Rail, Pacific Wave and CENIC NTT Network Innovations Lab Cisco Systems, Inc. Pacific Interface, Inc.

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