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Coupling Australias Researchers to the Global Innovation Economy Ninth Lecture in the Australian American Leadership Dialogue Scholar Tour University of.

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Presentation on theme: "Coupling Australias Researchers to the Global Innovation Economy Ninth Lecture in the Australian American Leadership Dialogue Scholar Tour University of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Coupling Australias Researchers to the Global Innovation Economy Ninth Lecture in the Australian American Leadership Dialogue Scholar Tour University of Sydney Sydney, Australia October 17, 2008 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology Harry E. Gruber Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD

2 Abstract An innovation economy begins with the pull toward the future provided by a robust public research sector. While the shared Internet has been rapidly diminishing Australias tyranny of distance, the 21st Century global competition, driven by public research innovation, requires Australia to have high performance connectivity second to none for its researchers. A major step toward this goal has been achieved during the last year through the Australian American Leadership Dialogue (AALD) Project Link, establishing a 1 Gigabit/sec dedicated end-to- end connection between a 100 megapixel OptIPortal at the University of Melbourne and San Diego over AARNet, Australia's National Research and Education Network. From October 2-17 Larry Smarr, as the 2008 Leadership Dialogue Scholar, is visiting Australian universities from Perth to Brisbane in order to oversee the launching of the next phase of the Leadership Dialogues Project Linkthe linking of Australias major research intensive universities and the CSIRO to each other and to innovation centres around the world with AARNets new 10 Gbps access product. At each university Dr. Smarr will facilitate discussions on what is needed in the local campus infrastructure to make this ultra-broadband available to data intensive researchers. With this unprecedented bandwidth, Australia will be able to join emerging global collaborative research across disciplines as diverse as climate change, coral reefs, bush fires, biotechnology, and health carebringing the best minds on the planet to bear on issues critical to Australias future.

3 To ensure a competitive economy for the 21 st century, the Australian Government should set a goal of making Australia the pre-eminent location to attract the best researchers and be a preferred partner for international research institutions, businesses and national governments.

4 The OptIPuter Creates an OptIPlanet Collaboratory: Enabling Data-Intensive e-Research GIST, KoreaMichigan KISTI, Korea SARA, Netherlands Chicago SAGE software, developed by UIC/EVL for OptIPuter, Supports Global Collaboration. Five Sites Streaming Compressed HD Video (~600mb Per Stream) Using SAGE Visualcasting to Replicate Streams OptIPlanet: The OptIPuter Global Collaboratory – Special Section of Future Generations Computer Systems, Volume 25, Issue 2, February 2009 Calit2 (UCSD, UCI), SDSC, and UIC LeadsLarry Smarr PI Univ. Partners: NCSA, USC, SDSU, NW, TA&M, UvA, SARA, KISTI, AIST Industry: IBM, Sun, Telcordia, Chiaro, Calient, Glimmerglass, Lucent

5 OptIPuter Step I: From Shared Internet to Dedicated Lightpaths

6 Shared Internet Bandwidth: Unpredictable, Widely Varying, Jitter, Asymmetric Measured Bandwidth from User Computer to Stanford Gigabit Server in Megabits/sec Computers In: Australia Canada Czech Rep. India Japan Korea Mexico Moorea Netherlands Poland Taiwan United States Data Intensive Sciences Require Fast Predictable Bandwidth UCSD x Normal Internet! Source: Larry Smarr and Friends Time to Move a Terabyte 10 Days 12 Minutes Stanford Server Limit Australia

7 Two New Calit2 Buildings Provide New Laboratories for Living in the Future Convergence Laboratory Facilities –Nanotech, BioMEMS, Chips, Radio, Photonics –Virtual Reality, Digital Cinema, HDTV, Gaming Over 1000 Researchers in Two Buildings –Linked via Dedicated Optical Networks UC San Diego Preparing for a World in Which Distance is Eliminated…

8 September 26-30, 2005 University of California, San Diego California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology Discovering New Applications and Services Enabled by 1-10 Gbps Lambdas i Grid 2005 T H E G L O B A L L A M B D A I N T E G R A T E D F A C I L I T Y Maxine Brown, Tom DeFanti, Co-Chairs 21 Countries Driving 50 Demonstrations Using 1 or 10Gbps Lightpaths Sept 2005

9 The Large Hadron Collider Uses a Global Fiber Infrastructure To Connect Its Users The grid relies on optical fiber networks to distribute data from CERN to 11 major computer centers in Europe, North America, and Asia The grid is capable of routinely processing 250,000 jobs a day The data flow will be ~6 Gigabits/sec or 15 million gigabytes a year for 10 to 15 years

10 Image Credit: Paul Boven, Image created by Paul Boven, JIVE Satellite image: Blue Marble Next Generation, courtesy of NASA Visible Earth EXPReS-Oz eVLBI Using 1 Gbps Lightpaths October 2007 Data Streamed at 512 Mbps

11 Next Great Planetary Instrument: The Square Kilometer Array Requires Dedicated Fiber Transfers Of 1 TByte Images World-wide Will Be Needed Every Minute!

12 Dedicated 10Gbps Lightpaths Tie Together State and Regional Fiber Infrastructure NLR 40 x 10Gb Wavelengths Expanding with Darkstrand to 80 Interconnects Two Dozen State and Regional Optical Networks Internet2 Dynamic Circuit Network Under Development

13 Global Lambda Integrated Facility 1 to 10G Dedicated Lambda Infrastructure Source: Maxine Brown, UIC and Robert Patterson, NCSA Interconnects Global Public Research Innovation Centers

14 AARNet Provides the National and Global Bandwidth Required Between Campuses 25 Gbps to US 60 Gbps Brisbrane - Sydney - Melbourne 30 Gbps Melbourne - Adelaide 10 Gbps Adelaide - Perth

15 OptIPuter Step II: From User Analysis on PCs to OptIPortals

16 My OptIPortal TM – Affordable Termination Device for the OptIPuter Global Backplane 20 Dual CPU Nodes, Monitors, ~$50,000 1/4 Teraflop, 5 Terabyte Storage, 45 Mega Pixels--Nice PC! Scalable Adaptive Graphics Environment ( SAGE) Jason Leigh, EVL-UIC Source: Phil Papadopoulos SDSC, Calit2

17 OptIPuter Scalable Displays Are Used for Multi-Scale Biomedical Imaging Green: Purkinje Cells Red: Glial Cells Light Blue: Nuclear DNA Source: Mark Ellisman, David Lee, Jason Leigh Two-Photon Laser Confocal Microscope Montage of 40x36=1440 Images in 3 Channels of a Mid-Sagittal Section of Rat Cerebellum Acquired Over an 8-hour Period 200 Megapixels!

18 Scalable Displays Allow Both Global Content and Fine Detail

19 Allows for Interactive Zooming from Cerebellum to Individual Neurons

20 Prototyping the PC of 2015: Two Hundred Million Pixels Connected at 10Gbps Source: Falko Kuester, NSF Infrastructure Grant Data from the Transdisciplinary Imaging Genetics Center 50 Apple 30 Cinema Displays Driven by 25 Dual- Processor G5s

21 Worlds Largest OptIPortal – 1/3 Billion Pixels NASA Earth Satellite Images Bushfires October 2007 San Diego

22 Very Large Images Can be Viewed Using CGLXs TiffViewer Hubble Space Telescope (Optical) Spitzer Space Telescope (Infrared) Source: Falko Kuester,

23 ChallengeHow to Bring This Visualization Capability to the Supercomputer End User? 35Mpixel EVEREST Display ORNL 2004

24 The Livermore Lightcone: 8 Large AMR Simulations Covering 10 Billion Years Look Back Time 1.5 M SU on LLNL Thunder Generated 200 TB Data 0.4 M SU Allocated on SDSC DataStar for Data Analysis Alone Base Grid, 7 Levels of Adaptive Refinement 65,000 Spatial Dynamic Range Livermore Lightcone Tile 8 Source: Michael Norman, SDSC, UCSD

25 Using OptIPortals to Analyze Supercomputer Simulations Two 64K Images From a Cosmological Simulation of Galaxy Cluster Formation Each Side: 2 Billion Light Years Mike Norman, SDSC October 10, 2008 log of gas temperature log of gas density

26 Students Learn Case Studies in the Context of Diverse Medical Evidence UIC Anatomy Class electronic visualization laboratory, university of illinois at chicago

27 Using HIPerWall OptIPortals for Humanities and Social Sciences Software Studies Initiative, Interface Designs for Cultural Analytics Research Environment Jeremy Douglass (top) & Lev Manovich (bottom) Second Annual Meeting of the Humanities, Arts, Science, and Technology Advanced Collaboratory (HASTAC II) UC Irvine May 23, Mpixel HIPerWall

28 On-Line Resources Help You Build Your Own OptIPuter

29 OptIPuter Step III: From YouTube to Digital Cinema Streaming Video

30 AARNet Pioneered Uncompressed HD VTC with UWashington Research Channel--Supercomputing 2004 Canberra Pittsburgh

31 e-Science Collaboratory Without Walls Enabled by iHDTV Uncompressed HD Telepresence Photo: Harry Ammons, SDSC John Delaney, PI LOOKING, Neptune May 23, Mbits/sec Calit2 to UW Research Channel Over NLR

32 OptIPlanet Collaboratory Persistent Infrastructure Between Calit2 and U Washington Ginger Armbrusts Diatoms: Micrographs, Chromosomes, Genetic Assembly Photo Credit: Alan Decker UWs Research Channel Michael Wellings Feb. 29, 2008 iHDTV: 1500 Mbits/sec Calit2 to UW Research Channel Over NLR

33 Telepresence Meeting Using Digital Cinema 4k Streams Keio University President Anzai UCSD Chancellor Fox Lays Technical Basis for Global Digital Cinema Sony NTT SGI Streaming 4k with JPEG 2000 Compression ½ Gbit/sec 100 Times the Resolution of YouTube! Auditorium 4k = 4000x2000 Pixels = 4xHD

34 OptIPuter Step IV: Integration of Lightpaths, OptIPortals, and Streaming Media

35 New Years Challenge: Streaming Underwater Video From Taiwans Kenting Reef to Calit2s OptIPortal UCSD: Rajvikram Singh, Sameer Tilak, Jurgen Schulze, Tony Fountain, Peter Arzberger NCHC : Ebbe Strandell, Sun-In Lin, Yao-Tsung Wang, Fang-Pang Lin My next plan is to stream stable and quality underwater images to Calit2, hopefully by PRAGMA Fang-Pang to LS Jan. 1, 2008 March 6, 2008 Plan Accomplished! Local Images Remote Videos March 26, 2008

36 The Calit2 OptIPortals at UCSD and UCI Are Now a Gbit/s HD Collaboratory UCSD wall UCI wall NASA Ames Visit Feb. 29, 2008 HiPerVerse: First ½ Gigapixel Distributed OptIPortal- 124 Tiles Sept. 15, 2008 UCSD cluster: 15 x Quad core Dell XPS with Dual nVIDIA 5600s UCI cluster: 25 x Dual Core Apple G5

37 Command and Control: Live Session with JPL and Mars Rover from Calit2 Source: Falko Kuester, Calit2; Michael Sims, NASA

38 U Michigan Virtual Space Interaction Testbed (VISIT) Instrumenting OptIPortals for Social Science Research Using Cameras Embedded in the Seams of Tiled Displays and Computer Vision Techniques, we can Understand how People Interact with OptIPortals –Classify Attention, Expression, Gaze –Initial Implementation Based on Attention Interaction Design Toolkit (J. Lee, MIT) Close to Producing Usable Eye/Nose Tracking Data using OpenCV Source: Erik Hofer, UMich, School of Information Leading U.S. Researchers on the Social Aspects of Collaboration

39 Calit2 Microbial Metagenomics Cluster- Next Generation Optically Linked Science Data Server 512 Processors ~5 Teraflops ~ 200 Terabytes Storage 1GbE and 10GbE Switched / Routed Core ~200TB Sun X4500 Storage 10GbE Source: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC, Calit2

40 CAMERAs Global Microbial Metagenomics CyberCommunity 2200 Registered Users From Over 50 Countries

41 OptIPuter Step V: The Campus Last Mile

42 Source: Jim Dolgonas, CENIC CENICs New Hybrid Network - Traditional Routed IP and the New Switched Ethernet and Optical Services ~ $14M Invested in Upgrade Now Campuses Need to Upgrade

43 HD and Other High Bandwidth Applications Combined with Big Research Pushing Large Data Sets Means 1 Gbps is No Longer Adequate for All Users AARNet Helps Connect Campus Users or Remote Instruments Will Permit Researchers to Exchange Large Amounts of Data within Australia, and Internationally via SXTransPORT © 2008, AARNet Pty Ltd43 AARNet 10Gbps Access Product is Here!!! Slide From Chris Hancock, CEO AARNet

44 The Golden Spike UCSD Experimental Optical Core: Ready to Couple Users to CENIC L1, L2, L3 Services Source: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC/Calit2 (Quartzite PI, OptIPuter co-PI) Funded by NSF MRI Grant Lucent Glimmerglass Force10 OptIPuter Border Router CENIC L1, L2 Services Cisco 6509 Goals by 2008: >= 60 endpoints at 10 GigE >= 30 Packet switched >= 30 Switched wavelengths >= 400 Connected endpoints Approximately 0.5 Tbps Arrive at the Optical Center of Hybrid Campus Switch

45 Use Campus Investment in Fiber and Networks to Physically Connect Campus Resources UCSD Storage OptIPortal Research Cluster Digital Collections Manager PetaScale Data Analysis Facility HPC System Cluster Condo UC Grid Pilot Research Instrument 10Gbps Source:Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC/Calit2

46 Source: Maxine Brown, OptIPuter Project Manager Green Initiative: Can Optical Fiber Replace Airline Travel for Continuing Collaborations ?

47 Russian Academy Sciences Moscow OptIPortals Are Being Adopted Globally KISTI-Korea AIST-Japan CNIC-China NCHC-Taiwan Osaka U-Japan SARA- Netherlands Brno-Czech Republic CICESE, Mexico U Melbourne U Queensland Canberra CSIRO Discovery Center Last Week Monash University Two Days Ago ANU And Today-- New Zealands First OptlPortal!

48 Using the Link to Build the Link Calit2 and Univ. Melbourne Technology Teams No Calit2 Person Physically Flew to Australia to Bring This Up! January 15, 2007

49 UM Professor Graeme Jackson Planning Brain Surgery for Severe Epilepsy

50 HD MURPA Talk to Monash University from Calit2 July 31, 2008 July 30, 2008

51 Smarr American Australian Leadership Dialogue OptIPlanet Collaboratory Lecture Tour October 2008 Oct 2University of Adelaide Oct 6Univ of Western Australia Oct 8Monash Univ.; Swinburne Univ. Oct 9Univ. of Melbourne Oct 10Univ. of Queensland Oct 13Univ. of Technology Sydney Oct 14Univ. of New South Wales Oct 15ANU; AARNet; Leadership Dialogue Scholar Oration, Canberra Oct 16CSIRO, Canberra Oct 17Sydney Univ. AARNet National Network

52 AARNets EN4R – Experimental Network For Researchers 52 For Researchers Free Access for up to 12 months 2 Circuits Reserved for EN4R on Each Optical Backbone Segment Access to North America via. SXTransPORT Source: Chris Hancock, AARNet

53 EVLs SAGE OptIPortal VisualCasting Multi-Site OptIPuter Collaboratory CENIC CalREN-XD Workshop Sept. 15, 2008 EVL-UI Chicago U Michigan Streaming 4k Source: Jason Leigh, Luc Renambot, EVL, UI Chicago On site: SARA (Amsterdam) GIST / KISTI (Korea) Osaka Univ. (Japan) Masaryk Univ. (CZ), Calit2 Remote: U of Michigan UIC/EVL U of Queensland Russian Academy of Science At Supercomputing 2008 Austin, Texas November, 2008 SC08 Bandwidth Challenge Entry Requires 10 Gbps Lightpath to Each Site Uncompressed High Definition Video From Each Site

54 AARNets Roadmap Towards 2012 Source: Chris Hancock, AARNet

55 21 st Century Australian Information Infrastructure: Joining the Global Data-Intensive Collaboratory All Data-Intensive Australian: –Researchers –Scientific Instruments –Data Repositories Should Have Best-of-Breed End-End Connectivity Today, that Means 10Gbps Lightpaths This Requires a Spirited Partnership: –Federal –State –Universities and CSIRO –AARnet The Mutuality Principle at Work!

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