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"Cyberinfrastructure for Environmental Observations" Invited Talk to Symposium on Science and Technology in GEOSS: The Role of Universities Hosted by

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Presentation on theme: ""Cyberinfrastructure for Environmental Observations" Invited Talk to Symposium on Science and Technology in GEOSS: The Role of Universities Hosted by"— Presentation transcript:

1 "Cyberinfrastructure for Environmental Observations" Invited Talk to Symposium on Science and Technology in GEOSS: The Role of Universities Hosted by for the SIO Center for Earth Observations and Applications La Jolla, CA November 21, 2005 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology Harry E. Gruber Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD

2 Components of a Future Global System for Earth Observation (Sensor Web) Vision for Creating an Integrated Interactive Information System for Earth Exploration

3 Major Obstacle: Trying to Do Global Earth Sciences On a Shared Internet Designed for and FTP Source: Glenn Iona, EOSDIS Element Evolution Technical Working Group January 6-7, 2005 Adding Several TBs per Day

4 Challenge: Average Throughput of NASA Data Products to End User is < 50 Mbps Tested October Internet2 Backbone is 10,000 Mbps! Throughput is < 0.5% to End User

5 Dedicated Optical Channels Makes High Performance Cyberinfrastructure Possible (WDM) Source: Steve Wallach, Chiaro Networks Lambdas Parallel Lambdas are Driving Optical Networking The Way Parallel Processors Drove 1990s Computing 10 Gbps per User ~ 200x Shared Internet Throughput

6 San Francisco Pittsburgh Cleveland National Lambda Rail (NLR) and TeraGrid Provides Cyberinfrastructure Backbone for U.S. Researchers San Diego Los Angeles Portland Seattle Pensacola Baton Rouge Houston San Antonio Las Cruces / El Paso Phoenix New York City Washington, DC Raleigh Jacksonville Dallas Tulsa Atlanta Kansas City Denver Ogden/ Salt Lake City Boise Albuquerque UC-TeraGrid UIC/NW-Starlight Chicago International Collaborators NLR 4 x 10Gb Lambdas Initially Capable of 40 x 10Gb wavelengths at Buildout NSFs TeraGrid Has 4 x 10Gb Lambda Backbone Links Two Dozen State and Regional Optical Networks DOE, NSF, & NASA Using NLR

7 September 26-30, 2005 University of California, San Diego California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology Global Connections Between University Research Centers at 10Gbps i Grid 2005 T H E G L O B A L L A M B D A I N T E G R A T E D F A C I L I T Y Maxine Brown, Tom DeFanti, Co-Chairs 21 Countries Driving 50 Demonstrations 1 or 10Gbps to Building Sept A Number of Projects are SensorNets

8 Prototyping Cabled Ocean Observatories Enabling High Definition Video Exploration of Deep Sea Vents Source John Delaney & Deborah Kelley, UWash Canadian-U.S. Collaboration

9 A Near Future Metagenomics Fiber Optic Cable Observatory Source John Delaney, UWash

10 Calit2 is Partnering with the new SIO Center for Earth Observations and Applications Viewing and Analyzing Earth Satellite Data Sets Earth Topography Project Atmospheric Brown Clouds Climate Modeling Ocean Observatories Coastal Zone Data Assimilation Marine Microbial Ecology Metagenomics Earth Sciences Collaboratory

11 ROADnet and HiSeasNet are Prototypes of the Future of In Situ Earth Observing Systems

12 ROADNet Architecture: SensorNets, Storage Research Broker, Web Services, Work Flow Kepler Web Services SRB Antelope Frank Vernon, SIO; Tony Fountain, Ilkay Altintas, SDSC

13 Typhoon Yuan Yang Lake, Taiwan – August 2004 Part of a growing global lake observatory network - Access can be difficult during the most interesting times Photo by Peter Arzberger, October 2004 Used by NSF Director Feb 2005 Source: Tim Kratz Remote Observation of Episodic Events in Water-Based Ecological Systems Supported by Moore Foundation

14 LOOKING: (Laboratory for the Ocean Observatory Knowledge Integration Grid) Adding Web & Grid Services to Optical Channels to Provide Real Time Control of Ocean Observatories Goal: –Prototype Cyberinfrastructure for NSFs Ocean Research Interactive Observatory Networks (ORION) LOOKING NSF ITR with PIs: –John Orcutt & Larry Smarr - UCSD –John Delaney & Ed Lazowska –UW –Mark Abbott – OSU Collaborators at: –MBARI, WHOI, NCSA, UIC, CalPoly, UVic, CANARIE, Microsoft, NEPTUNE- Canarie LOOKING is Driven By NEPTUNE CI Requirements Making Management of Gigabit Flows Routine

15 Pilot Project Components LOOKING Builds on the Multi-Institutional SCCOOS Program, OptIPuter, and CENIC-XD SCCOOS is Integrating: –Moorings –Ships –Autonomous Vehicles –Satellite Remote Sensing –Drifters –Long Range HF Radar –Near-Shore Waves/Currents (CDIP) –COAMPS Wind Model –Nested ROMS Models –Data Assimilation and Modeling –Data Systems YellowInitial LOOKING OptIPuter Backbone Over CENIC-XD

16 The OptIPuter Project – Linking Global Scale Science Resources to Users Linux Clusters NSF Large Information Technology Research Proposal –Calit2 (UCSD, UCI) and UIC Lead CampusesLarry Smarr PI –Partnering Campuses: USC, SDSU, NW, TA&M, UvA, SARA, NASA Industrial Partners –IBM, Sun, Telcordia, Chiaro, Calient, Glimmerglass, Lucent $13.5 Million Over Five YearsEntering 4 th Year Creating a LambdaGrid Web for Gigabyte Data Objects NIH Biomedical Informatics NSF EarthScope and ORION Research Network

17 NSF is Launching a New Cyberinfrastructure Initiative Research is being stalled by information overload, Mr. Bement said, because data from digital instruments are piling up far faster than researchers can study. In particular, he said, campus networks need to be improved. High-speed data lines crossing the nation are the equivalent of six-lane superhighways, he said. But networks at colleges and universities are not so capable. Those massive conduits are reduced to two-lane roads at most college and university campuses, he said. Improving cyberinfrastructure, he said, will transform the capabilities of campus-based scientists. -- Arden Bement, the director of the National Science Foundation

18 UCSD is Prototyping Campus-Scale On-Ramps to the National LambdaRail, TeraGrid, and GLIF SIO Ocean Supercomputer IBM Storage Cluster 2 Ten Gbps Campus Lambda Raceway Streaming Microscope Source: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC, Calit2 UCSD Campus LambdaStore Architecture Global LambdaGrid

19 Flat File Server Farm W E B PORTAL Traditional User Response Request Dedicated Compute Farm (100s of CPUs) TeraGrid: Cyberinfrastructure Backplane (scheduled activities, e.g. all by all comparison) (10000s of CPUs) Web (other service) Local Cluster Local Environment Direct Access Lambda Cnxns OptIPuter Cluster Cloud Data- Base Farm 10 GigE Fabric Calit2/SDSC Direct Access Core Architecture Supporting Massive Instrumental Datasets Source: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC, Calit2 Emerging Services Oriented Architecture Enabling Use of LambdaGrids + Web Services

20 Tiled Walls for Interactive Exploration of Large Earth Sciences Data Sets With Integration of Streaming High Resolution Video Apple Tiled Display Wall Driven by 25 Dual-Processor G5s 50 Apple 30 Cinema Displays 200 Million Pixels of Viewing Real Estate! Source: Falko Kuester, NSF Infrastructure Grant DataOne Foot Resolution USGS Images of La Jolla, CA HDTV Digital Cameras Digital Cinema

21 Combining Telepresence with Remote Interactive Analysis of Earth Sciences Data Over NLR HDTV Over Lambda OptIPuter Visualized Data SIO/UCSD NASA Goddard August 8, 2005

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