Presentation on theme: "The Future Applications of Australia’s National Broadband Network"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Future Applications of Australia’s National Broadband Network Digital Futures Keynote AddressPlenary Hall, Wrest Point HotelHobart, Tasmania, AustraliaAugust 10, 2009Dr. Larry SmarrDirector, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information TechnologyHarry E. Gruber Professor,Dept. of Computer Science and EngineeringJacobs School of Engineering, UCSD
2 Tasmanian Collaborative Optical Leading Testbed Tasmania Has Taken the Lead for Australia in Fiber to the Premise (FTTP)Tasmanian Collaborative Optical Leading TestbedFive Years of Experience Since the ProposalSouth Hobart & New Town in the South, Devonport in the NorthWest Connected – 1200 PremisesFirst of Its Kind and Scale in AustraliaWide Range of Applications:High Speed InternetMultiple Voice Lines Using Voice Over IP (VOIP)Digital Broadcast TVVideo on Demand (VOD)High Speed Data Networks/Virtual Private Networks (VPN)Video ConferencingVideo Security
3 Digital Future of Tasmania--A Five Year Vision 2011 – 2012 Focus Transition of Government Services to Digital DeliveryLifestyle and Economic ParityBetween Rural, Regional and Urban TasmaniaIncrease Efficiency in Energy and Natural Resources Management and ConsumptionImplement State-Wide In Tasmania:Virtual Home Care SystemVirtual Class RoomsSmart Utilities GridVirtual Management of All Irrigation/Water SystemsNext Generation Municipal ManagementServices Tasmania In The HomeSource: Jim Wyatt, Department of Economic Development, Tasmania
4 Premier Bartlett On 21st Century Infrastructure For most of the 20th century, Tasmania’s economic development was underpinned and driven by a far-sighted investment in hydro electricity.Tasmania’s future will be closely tied to our ability as a State to stay connected to a fast-paced world.Telecommunications infrastructure will be to the 21st Century what the dams, poles and wires of the Hydro were to the 20th.3 March, 2009
5 In Japan, FTTH Has Become the Dominant Broadband-- Subscribers to “Slow” 40 Mbps ADSL Are Decreasing!Dec 2000March 2009Source: Japan’s Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Add url
6 Globally Fiber to the Premise is Growing Rapidly, Mostly in Asia FTTP Connections Growing at ~30%/year47 Million Households with FTTH End of 2009China Will Have Most by 2012130 Million Households with FTTH in 2013Source: Heavy Reading (www.heavyreading.com), the market research division of Light Reading (www.lightreading.com).
7 A View Into the Future of NBN Applications: University Research Using Dedicated 10Gbps Lightpaths Interconnects Two Dozen State and Regional Optical NetworksInternet2 Dynamic Circuit Network Under DevelopmentNLR 40 x 10Gb WavelengthsExpanding with Darkstrand to 80
8 NSF’s OptIPuter Project: Using Supernetworks to Meet the Needs of Data-Intensive Researchers OptIPortal– Termination Device for the OptIPuter Global BackplaneCalit2 (UCSD, UCI), SDSC, and UIC Leads—Larry Smarr PIUniv. Partners: NCSA, USC, SDSU, NW, TA&M, UvA, SARA, KISTI, AISTIndustry: IBM, Sun, Telcordia, Chiaro, Calient, Glimmerglass, Lucent
9 Use of OptIPortal to Interactively View Multi-Scale Biomedical Imaging 200 Megapixels!Source: Mark Ellisman, David Lee, Jason LeighGreen: Purkinje CellsRed: Glial CellsLight Blue: Nuclear DNATwo-Photon Laser Confocal Microscope Montage of 40x36=1440 Images in 3 Channels of a Mid-Sagittal Section of Rat Cerebellum Acquired Over an 8-hour Period
10 Scalable Displays Allow Both Global Content and Fine Detail Source: Mark Ellisman, David Lee, Jason Leigh
11 Allows for Interactive Zooming from Cerebellum to Individual Neurons Source: Mark Ellisman, David Lee, Jason Leigh
13 Department of Energy Office of Science Leading Edge Applications of Petascale Computers FlamesSupernovaFusionParkinson’s
14 log of gas temperature log of gas density OptIPortals: Scaling up the Personal Computer For Supernetwork Connected Data-Intensive UsersMike Norman, SDSCOctober 10, 2008Two 64K Images From a Cosmological Simulation of Galaxy Cluster Formationlog of gas temperature log of gas density
15 Mediterranean Archaeological Network (MedArchNet) Online Atlas, Cyberinfrastructure and Portal-Based Science EnvironmentsMassive Datasets in the Humanities and Arts
16 iGrid 2005 Kyoto Nijo Castle Interactive VR Streamed Live from Tokyo to Calit2 Over Dedicated GigE and Projected at 4k ResolutioniGrid 2005 Kyoto Nijo CastleSource:ToppanPrinting
17 Source: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC, Calit2 Calit2 Microbial Metagenomics Cluster- Next Generation Optically Linked Science Data Server512 Processors~5 Teraflops~ 200 Terabytes Storage1GbE and 10GbESwitched/ Routed Core~200TB Sun X4500 Storage10GbESource: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC, Calit217
18 Canadian-U.S. Collaboration Remote Interactive High Definition Video of Deep Sea Hydrothermal VentsCanadian-U.S. CollaborationSource John Delaney & Deborah Kelley, UWash
19 The Large Hadron Collider Uses a Global Fiber Infrastructure To Connect Its Users The grid relies on optical fiber networks to distribute data from CERN to 11 major computer centers in Europe, North America, and AsiaThe grid is capable of routinely processing 250,000 jobs a dayThe data flow will be ~6 Gigabits/sec or 15 million gigabytes a year for 10 to 15 years
20 Transfers Of 1 TByte Images World-wide Will Be Needed Every Minute! Next Great Planetary Instrument: The Square Kilometer Array Requires Dedicated FiberTransfers Of 1 TByte Images World-wide Will Be Needed Every Minute!
21 It is Essential to Couple University Innovations to NBN Buildout Accelerate New FTTPApplications 5-10 Years AheadSource: Chris Hancock, AARNet CEO
22 AARNet & the NBN 2001 2009 2017 Most homes: 40-800 Kbps 1-20 Mbps Leading-edge homes4-8 MbpsMbpsGbpsBusinessesResearch centresMbps1-10 GbpsGbpsSource: Chris Hancock, AARNet CEO
23 AARNet Roadmap Aggressively Growing to Meet Research Needs 1G Access40G10G Access100G40G AccessAARNet3AARNet3.5AARNet4Near National8 x 10G80 x 100GL3 VPNVPLSNational8 x 40GP2P 1G EthernetG.MPLSCPENetwork ServicesIPBackboneDWDM BackboneToday1-3 years3 -5 yearsEN4RLightPathsD-EN4RNCNLambda PathsResearch & Collab. tools
24 Interconnects OptIPortals at Public Research Innovation Centers Global Innovation Centers are Being Connected with 10,000 Megabits/sec Clear Channel LightpathsAARNetInterconnects OptIPortals at Public Research Innovation CentersSource: Maxine Brown, UIC and Robert Patterson, NCSA
25 Use University Campuses as Green IT Testbeds Campuses are Small CitiesConsolidated Clusters over Dedicated Optical ChannelsLow Energy Mobile InfrastructureSensors and Actuators in Intelligent BuildingsLow Carbon Transportation SystemSmart Electricity GridUbiquitous TeleconferencingResearch on How to Change End User BehaviorCalit2 is Partnering with UCSD and UCI“Green Living Laboratories of the Future”
26 Using High Definition to Link the Calit2 Buildings: Living Greener LifeSize SystemJune 2, 2008
27 Cisco on Cisco TelePresence Deployment Overview Changing the way we Work, Live, Play and Learn533 Cisco TelePresence major cities globallyUS/Canada: 108 CTS 3000, 109 CTS 1000, 6 CTS 3200, 90 CTS 500, 3 CTS1300APAC: 29 CTS 3000, 34 CTS 1000, 14 CTS 500, 3 CTS 3200, 1 CTS1300Japan: 7 CTS 3000, 2 CTS 1000, 1 CTS 500, 1 CTS 3200, 1 CTS1300Europe: 31 CTS 3000, 35 CTS 1000, 5 CTS3200, 27CTS500, 2 CTS1300Emerging: 14 CTS 3000, 3 CTS1000, 1 CTS3200, 7 CTS 500163 Major Cities in 45 countries355K TelePresence meetings scheduled to date. (Weekly average utilization in the past 30 days is 21,522 meetings)473K hours (average meeting is 1.25 hrs)27K+ meetings with customers to discuss Cisco Technology over TelePresence68K+ meetings avoided travelConservative estimate of cost savings and productivity improvement~$296M to dateMetric tons of emissions saved:: 149,018Equal to >25,000+ cars off the road30K Multipoint mtgsAverage 3,919 in past 30daysOverall average utilization49%27Updated Aug 2,2009….145 weeks after launch
30 Beyond VTCs--Optical Fiber Telepresence Will Accelerate Rate of Global Discovery Melbourne, AustraliaJanuary 15, 2008UC San DiegoQvidium Compressed High Definition Video Over 1 Gbps AARNet/Pacific Wave/CENIC Lightpath
31 Calit2 and Univ. Melbourne Technology Teams Australian American Leadership Dialogue Project Link “Sewing Together Rooms” at U Melbourne and UCSDCalit2 and Univ. Melbourne Technology TeamsNo Calit2 Person Physically Flew to Australia to Bring This Up!
32 Victoria Premier, Senator Conroy, and Australian Deputy Prime Minister Asking Questions
33 University of Melbourne Vice Chancellor Glyn Davis in Calit2 Replies to Question from Australia
34 UM Professor Graeme Jackson Planning Brain Surgery for Severe Epilepsy
35 OptIPlanet Collaboratory Persistent Infrastructure Between Calit2 and U Washington Photo Credit: Alan DeckerFeb. 29, 2008Ginger Armbrust’s Diatoms: Micrographs, Chromosomes, Genetic AssemblyiHDTV: 1500 Mbits/sec Calit2 to UW Research Channel Over NLRUW’s Research Channel Michael Wellings
36 Medical Videoconference Professor Stitz(Royal Brisbane Hospital)Live surgical demonstration performed at Kyushu University (Japan) Aug-08Professor Bokey(Concord Repatriation Hospital)
37 1/3 Billion Pixel OptIPortal Linked to NASA Goddard Earth Satellite Images of October 2007 Wildfires Source: Falko Kuester,
38 Remote Control of Scientific Instruments: Live Session with JPL and Mars Rover from Calit2 September 17, 2008Source: Falko Kuester, Calit2; Michael Sims, NASA
39 Just in Time OptIPlanet Collaboratory: Live Session Between NASA Ames and Calit2@UCSD Feb 19, 2009From Start to This Image in Less Than 2 Weeks!View from NASA AmesLunar Science InstituteMountain View, CAVirtual HandshakeHD compressed 6:1NASA Interest in Supporting Virtual InstitutesSource: Falko Kuester, Calit2; Michael Sims, NASA
40 Telepresence Meeting Using Digital Cinema 4k Streams 4k = 4000x2000 Pixels = 4xHDStreaming 4kwith JPEG 2000 Compression½ Gbit/sec100 Times the Resolution of YouTube!Lays Technical Basis for Global Digital CinemaSonyNTTSGIKeio UniversityPresident AnzaiUCSDChancellor FoxAuditorium
41 EVL’s SAGE OptIPortal VisualCasting Multi-Site OptIPuter Collaboratory Total Aggregate VisualCasting Bandwidth for Nov. 18, 2008Sustained 10,000-20,000 Mbps!CENIC CalREN-XD Workshop Sept. 15, 2008EVL-UI ChicagoRemote:On site:U of MichiganSARA (Amsterdam)UIC/EVLGIST / KISTI (Korea)U of QueenslandOsaka Univ. (Japan)Russian Academy of ScienceMasaryk Univ. (CZ)At Supercomputing 2008 Austin, TexasNovember, 2008SC08 Bandwidth Challenge EntryRequires 10 Gbps Lightpath to Each SiteStreaming 4kU MichiganSource: Jason Leigh, Luc Renambot, EVL, UI Chicago
42 Now Campuses Need to Upgrade CENIC’s New “Hybrid Network” - Traditional Routed IP and the New Switched Ethernet and Optical ServicesSource: Jim Dolgonas, CENICCENIC has Invested~ $14Min UpgradeCENIC is Preparing$10M14 CampusNSF-ARIProposalNow Campuses Need to Upgrade
43 Cisco 6509OptIPuter Border Router The “Golden Spike” UCSD Experimental Optical Core: Ready to Couple Users to CENIC L1, L2, L3 ServicesEnd State 2008:>= 60 endpoints at 10 GigE>= 30 Packet switched>= 30 Switched wavelengths>= 400 Connected endpointsApproximately 0.5 Tbps Arrive at the “Optical” Center of Hybrid Campus SwitchSource: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC/Calit2 (Quartzite MRI PI, OptIPuter co-PI)CENIC L1, L2ServicesLucentGlimmerglassForce10Funded by NSF MRI GrantCisco 6509OptIPuter Border Router
44 The GreenLight Project: Instrumenting the Energy Cost of Computational Science Focus on 5 Communities with At-Scale Computing Needs:MetagenomicsOcean ObservingMicroscopyBioinformaticsDigital MediaMeasure, Monitor, & Web Publish Real-Time Sensor OutputsVia Service-oriented ArchitecturesAllow Researchers Anywhere To Study Computing Energy CostEnable Scientists To Explore Tactics For Maximizing Work/WattDevelop Middleware that Automates Optimal Choice of Compute/RAM Power Strategies for Desired GreennessPartnering With Minority-Serving Institutions Cyberinfrastructure Empowerment CoalitionSource: Tom DeFanti, Calit2; GreenLight PI
45 Real-Time Monitoring of Building Energy Usage: UCSD Has 34 Buildings On-Line
46 Source: Rajesh Gupta, CSE, Calit2 Power Management in Mixed Use Buildings: The UCSD CSE Building is Energy Instrumented500 Occupants, 750 ComputersDetailed Instrumentation to Measure Macro and Micro-Scale Power Use39 Sensor Pods, 156 Radios, 70 CircuitsSubsystems: Air Conditioning & LightingSource: Rajesh Gupta, CSE, Calit2
47 Emerging “Smart Grid”- High Voltage DC Electrical Lines Are Widely Used for Crossing Sea Lanes Source:J Jmesserly, et al.
48 HVDC Submarine Cable Link Between Australia and Tasmania DC overhead line transmits electric power from wind farms and hydro plants in George Town, Tasmania to the Loy Yang converter station in Victoria.
49 The Data-Intensive Research “OptIPlatform” Backplane for Cyberinfrastructure: A 10Gbps Lightpath CloudHD/4k Video CamsHD/4k TelepresenceInstrumentsHPCEnd User OptIPortal10G LightpathsNational LambdaRailData Repositories & ClustersCampusOpticalSwitchHD/4k Video Images
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