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Society and Culture Association Personal Interest Projects Central Material extracts.

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Presentation on theme: "Society and Culture Association Personal Interest Projects Central Material extracts."— Presentation transcript:

1 Society and Culture Association Personal Interest Projects Central Material extracts

2 Central Material The central material will be in written form and may be accompanied by photographs, tables, graphs and/or diagrams that should be labelled and incorporated into the text through discussion. The central material should be between 2500 and 4000 words. The central material must contain a cross-cultural perspective and address continuity and/or change. The cross-cultural perspective and continuity and/or change should be integrated in the central material of the Personal Interest Project. Assessment and Reporting in Society and Culture, pages 10-11

3 Central Material Students should consider the following in the preparation of their Personal Interest Project: Clarity Is the topic clearly stated? Are the purposes and procedures of the Personal Interest Project clear? Conceptual content Does the Personal Interest Project reflect the concepts of the course? Assessment and Reporting in Society and Culture, pages 11-12

4 Central Material Methodological content Does the Personal Interest Project demonstrate some of the methodologies essential to the Society and Culture course plus any other distinctive procedures? Are the methodologies appropriate for the topic? Is there evidence of a systematic approach to the study of the topic? Is there an awareness of both the limitations and the values of the methodologies used? Students should consider the ethical implications of both their topic and the methodologies they employ to research that topic. Assessment and Reporting in Society and Culture, pages 11-12

5 Central Material Students should consider the following in the preparation of their Personal Interest Project: Subject matter content Is the subject matter accurate, relevant to the topic and adequately explained for the purposes of the project? Cross-cultural content Does the topic reflect some knowledge and understanding of viewpoints different from that of the immediate culture of the student in terms of, for example, socioeconomic group, gender, ethnicity or location? Assessment and Reporting in Society and Culture, pages 11-12

6 Central Material Continuity and change Does the topic reflect some knowledge and understanding of continuity and/or change, for example viewpoints of different generations, links between the past, the present and the future? Integrative skills Has the Personal Interest Project integrated various aspects of Society and Culture? Does the Personal Interest Project achieve a coherent structure? Do the conclusions proceed from the statements in the introduction and the arguments presented in the central material? Is personal experience related to public knowledge? Assessment and Reporting in Society and Culture, pages 11-12

7 Central Material Communication skills Is there evidence of social and cultural literacy? Has the student effectively communicated her or his ideas to the external audience? Originality Does the Personal Interest Project give evidence of originality in design, analysis and execution? Assessment and Reporting in Society and Culture, pages 11-12

8 Examples of Central Material Conceptual Content Sample 1 It is clear that the world has changed dramatically since the 19 th century, when the structured education system was formed. There has been extensive social change, with a complete revolution regarding social mores, values and expectations, with modernisation precipitating a colossal advancement technologically. Therefore, this poses the question as to whether the education system has changed to meet the needs of the contemporary world. Sir Ken Robinson, in his book Out of Our Minds (Capstone Publishing, 2001), states that the education system is based upon the economic model of industrialism, and that this model is outmoded. He believes that to make education more relevant for contemporary society, this must be completely revolutionized. This suggests that the current education systems of most countries are based on an outdated philosophy that is largely irrelevant in modern society.

9 Examples of Central Material Conceptual Content Sample 2 As a person of Cambodian cultural heritage, the horrifying experiences that Cambodians have endured under the Khmer Rouge are painful to accept. Many times I attempted to imagine myself being trapped in Pol Pots year zero in order to gain a sense of understanding but it only ever lasted for a few seconds because it was too distressing. However, I perceive these admirable people as my role models because if they survived such adversity then I have every chance to overcome hurdles in my life, especially if I live in a society that offers many advantages that many of us take for granted. Freedom of speech, access to education, healthcare, employment and self- determination, plus other aspects of the contemporary Australian society, has made me more appreciative of my life and potential opportunities.

10 Examples of Central Material Conceptual Content Sample 3 Our health and how we perceive it depends on many factors including our opinions, gender, culture, socialization and of course the environment and micro world in which we live and interact with on a daily basis. Through the unique combination of these factors our opinions towards everyday elements of our lives, such as health care are formed. The media also plays a central role in persuading our opinions as it is our source of information on current events which occur within our macro world.

11 Examples of Central Material Methodological Content Sample 2 According to my research, the influence of parents on individuals desire to read is largely present within all generations. 75% of all participants within my questionnaire stated that they enjoyed reading and that as children their parents had read novels and thus children copy what they see and if you dont come from a reading house, or havent been read to as a child, theres a much stronger chance you wont read yourself(1). Through this conclusion, therefore, Generation Y should be reading the same amount of novels as previous generations due to the continuity of parents reading novels in front of their children. Instead, according to an American survey, year olds read literature at significantly lower rates than adults had in previous decades(2).

12 Examples of Central Material Methodological Content Sample 2 (cont…) Similarly, within my focus group, the influence of parents on childrens reading habits was explored and it was determined that reading comes with the personality of the individual (3) as stated by the female baby boomer participant who further went to conclude I have two grown sons, one of which reads non-stop and extremely fast whilst the other one has almost never read a book in his entire life. When my children were growing up, I constantly read in front of them and even to them. However, another participant stated that his children had reading sessions before bed. This allowance therefore can deduce that the presence and recognition of the enjoyment of novels by parents influence a childs desire to read or not. It is the choice that children are given by their parents, that is to read or not, that allows them to decide if they desire to undertake reading novels. (1) As quoted by Julia Strong in BBC article Cant read, wont read books (2005) (2) Reading at Risk: A survey of Literacy Reading in America conducted by Mark Bauerlein (3) Female Baby Boomer participant of focus group

13 Examples of Central Material Methodological Content Sample 2 The advancement of technology within Western culture has caused continuities and changes within the reading habits of all generations. I surveyed various groups about the impact of technology within my community including those considered members of the Baby Boomer Generation, Generation X, Generation Y and the new generation referred to as Generation Z ( ) (1). Through a series of observations at the local library, questionnaires and short, open ended questions in an informal interview the results evaluated indicate that our reading capacity has declined as we have drifted from the printed page to the screen(2). This is specifically exemplified within my questionnaire as 81% of participants declared they spent more time watching television or using a computer than reading literature. This was further corroborated by my observations in the library as it was witnessed that many more members of the public were seated at ICT stations than wandering the aisles in search of the old fashioned book. Through this argument, it can be determined that the use and general presence of technology has impacted in various ways towards Generation Y as For all their technological adroitness they dont read…very well(3).

14 Examples of Central Material Methodological Content Sample 3 The pressures placed on children are obviously a major concern in regards to the educational system, but this is not the only aspect being called into question. Dr Tim Hawkes, an expert in education, has stated that; The relevance of contemporary school education is compromised by many things; not least by exam systems designed not so much to prepare students for life, as to help them get into tertiary education or improve the resume.T Hawkes, The Failure of Schools to Educate, Sydney Morning Herald, 8th September 2008 As part of my primary research, I conducted an interview with Dr Hawkes, in order to gain further insight into his views regarding the failings of the current education system. Hawkes discussed the problem of teaching to the exam, and the issue of being fed material to regurgitate in an exam situation, due to its unrealistic portrayal of life for children, and their future contribution to society. Hawkes then linked this to the high drop out of university students, up to 14%, when spoon feeding is no longer a viable path to success. This notion was mirrored through my coordination of a student focus group, with one participant stating;Because schools want that higher ranking, because the teachers want that, oh my god she got five band sixes theyll spoon feed kids so that theyll do well, except when you go into uni, they dont care, so it doesnt prepare you at all...However, the possibility of bias in the focus group results cannot be ignored. This could arise from a number of factors, namely the small participant pool, and the age of participants.

15 Examples of Central Material Methodological Content Sample 4 A change to eating habits occurs because advertising persuades kids to like and request unhealthy food. Unhealthy advertisements outnumber those that promote healthy eating. Content analysis, conducted over 10 hours of childrens television shows supports this claim. Of the 205 adverts viewed, 43 were for food and only 1 of these was a government advertisement promoting healthy eating and the nutritional suggestion of 2 fruit and 5 vegetables a day. Given these results, it can be assumed that children watching television programs aimed at their age will witness a substantial amount of food advertising and a weak message promoting healthy eating. Australian studies over the last 10 years have consistently shown between 55-81% of food advertisements shown during children's viewing time are for unhealthy foods of low nutritional value such as confectionery, sweetened breakfast cereals and fast food. According to a 1996 study which compared the levels of advertising across 13 different countries, Australian television shows the highest number of food advertisements per hour during children's programs in the world. My content analysis results do not support the results of the Australian studies, as my results show that approximately 20% of advertisements were for food, not 55-81%. This probably occurred because the Australian studies were conducted by professionals and over a longer period of time, making them more reliable.

16 Examples of Central Material Methodological Content Sample 5 I believe the Khmer Rouge have also had an indirect effect on the younger generation who were born after the Khmer Rouge. From personal experience, my parents trauma had a major influence on my life. I would occasionally have dreams about the Khmer Rouge. Sometimes when there is conflict within my family, I tend to wonder how different my life would be if all of my relatives who passed away under the Khmer Rouge were still alive. But even trying to picture this was difficult because I have no idea what they look like because photographs were destroyed under the Khmer Rouge regime.

17 Examples of Central Material Cross – cultural Content Sample 1 Goffmans research found that interpersonal behaviour was controlled differently between genders. In studying iPod use, I too found that use varied between sexes. Concerns of security and feelings of apprehension in public were most commonly, but not exclusively expressed by teenage girls. Only three male participants in my focus groups had used their personal stereos as a response to any perceived or imagined threat in public. In contexts where teenage girls feel attention is unwanted or threatening, the iPod becomes a useful prop facilitating the creation of a conversational preserve as the following example shows: Last weekend I was walking home from my friends house and I saw a group of boys hassling a girl up ahead… so I turned on my music and when I passed them pretended I couldnt hear what they were saying. (Girl, 16 years)

18 Examples of Central Material Cross – cultural Content Sample 2 The Banksy piece is placed upon a heritage listed building, which the authorities have encased in Perspex to protect it from vandalism. I see an ironical acceptance of street art by the City of Melbourne Council in their attempts to integrate what was once an antagonistic, rebellious form of art into mainstream Melbourne culture. I have not seen this acceptance in Sydney, suggesting a differentiation between the cultures. Not too long ago, a Banksy work in Sydney was painted over. I travelled to Melbourne to gain first hand experience of street art culture and visited to work discussed above. While Melbournes laneways are refurbished almost nightly, this simple piece has endured the test of time. Yet Sydneys uncommissioned street art must withstand a constant barrage of public complaints and media attention. Would Sydney have such a problem if graffiti was celebrated as it is in Melbourne?

19 Examples of Central Material Cross – cultural Content Sample 3 My experiences of Ghanaian culture are quite limited but I am roughly aware of the ceremonies and significance of religious events and traditions. Growing up in a bi-racial family has certainly had an impact on who I am as a person. I never recognise only one of my heritages because I think it contradicts my identity. However, it affects my physical self more than my internal self, and this is reflected in the bi-racial interviews I carried out for my PIP. In keeping with my cross-cultural comparison of Ghanaians and Australians, I interviewed Juluka and Savuka who have been in Sydney for 12 months now. Your values would be so different, because they are not what you have grown up with. The two nations of Australia and Ghana are not opposites but they do clash in certain areas. Ghana is getting a lot of technology now but hopefully the traditional culture will be kept alive for a long time. The results of the interviews led me to believe that had I grown up in Ghana, I really would be a different person.

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