Presentation on theme: "Presentation on International Aid and Transparency Initiative (IATI) Paris, October 4, 20 11."— Presentation transcript:
Presentation on International Aid and Transparency Initiative (IATI) Paris, October 4, 20 11
Outline 1.Forward 2.Liberia (AMU)s experience with receiving information from South-South (SSC) providers, i.e. China, India and others 3.Government of Liberia existing practices for reporting aid 4.Challenges 5.South-south flows 6.Government of Liberia Preferred Aid Modality 7.Concluding notes; how does it all affect GoL planning, coordination and budgeting
Forward The International Aid and Transparency Initiative (IATI) launched the Accra High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in September 2008 in Accra, Ghana. The forum was a multi- stakeholder initiative that seeks to increase transparency in order to improve the effectiveness of aid in reducing poverty. The Government of Liberia endorsed IATI principles on January 11, 2011, and began to take bold steps to ensure aid is placed on budget to align with GoL development goals. Notwithstanding, there are challenges, especially in receiving aid information with the South-south cooperation.
Liberia (AMU)s experience with receiving information from South-South (SSC) providers, i.e. China, India and others Donor failure to report aid information timely and regularly (China, India and other countries). Increase presence of donor aids from china but reporting on aid to the Government of Liberia is lacking or does not confirm to reporting standard of the Ministry (China will report aid information outside of data collection template design by MoF. Or aid information from the Chinese is reported by MoF on the basis of project listing and not on the value of the projects).
Liberia (AMU)s experience with receiving information from South-South (SSC) providers, i.e. China, India and others Unpredictability of aid ( the results of lacking aid information, proper reporting and coordination framework makes GoL planning and decision-making process difficult; further, its makes GoL looses that sense of ownership) No records on India Widen and deepen inclusive development partnerships: South- south cooperation Limited human capacity Lack of logistics Continue Next
Liberia (AMU)s experience with receiving information from South-South (SSC) providers, i.e. China, India and others (Contd) Liberia is not a member of the OECD DAC (this makes it difficult to hold China and India accountable to the principles of the PD, AAA and IATI).
Government of Liberia existing practices for reporting aid. Aid data collection is twofold; In January of each year, Development Partners (DPs) are requested to submit projections for the purpose of annexing aid flows to the National Budget. Secondly, upon the package of the Fiscal Budget in July, data collection template is sent to DPs for actual aid disbursements by quarter. DPs quarterly reports are published in the Donor Fiscal Outturn Report. The following depicts GoL best practices (though improvement continues) Aid projection for new Fiscal year (July-June; information on aid is collected from donors, collated, analyzed, and annexed to the national budget)
Quarterly reports are generated, shared with the donors and other stakeholders for verification (corrections are incorporated and final reports published on MoF web site for partners and other stakeholders consumptions) The Medium Term expenditure Framework (MTEF), (developed to achieve multiple deliverable objectives: improvement in the macroeconomic balances, restructuring and rationalizing resource allocation, improve budget performance, and introduce the medium term perspective in the planning process). Continue on Next Slide Government of Liberia existing practices for reporting aid (Contd
Challenges The purpose of reporting aid information is to support sound financial management practices, promote allocation efficiency, and to enable decision-makers understand recurrent cost implications of investment project from a good macroeconomic management perspective. Unfortunately, GoL is faced with some constraints: Collecting timely and comprehensive information from the DPs Capacity constraints Donors lack provisions of predictability (there is no comprehensive and timely medium term information on aid flows to government; direct or outside of government for planning and budgeting purposes) Continue on Next Slide
Providing aid outside of country system (most donors do not channel aid through government), Clarity on aid type, modality, or disbursement channel (no information on intended objectives, expected and actual results or any condition attached to each aid flow, making it difficult to align aid with the country system to properly suit government development goals and to ensure aid meets its underlining objective) Donors-focused accounting and reporting systems () Inadequate ownership of development strategies and policies (executing aid outside of budget undermines GoLs ownership of development strategies and policies; to support strategic planning of full resource envelop) Challenges (Contd)
South-south flows Frantic efforts have been made since the establishment of the Aid Management Unit to get China report on the numerous development projects since 2006. The Government of the Peoples Republic of China provided the following support: 2006/2007, US$1,500,000 in budget support 2011/2012US$6,900,000 in project support. Continue on Next Slide
Below is a list of projects of the Chinese Government: 1.John F. Kennedy Memorial Hospital in Nimba; 2.University of Liberia Fendell Campus; 3.Central Agricultural Research Institute in Bong County; 4.Renovation of the SKD Sport Stadium and Ministry of Foreign Affairs; 5.The upcoming expansion of the Monrovia Vocational Training Center; and 6.The upcoming construction of a ministerial complex South-south flows (Contd)
Government of Liberia Preferred Aid Modality The Government of Liberia has a strong preference for direct budget support in order to increase government ownership and promote alignment to national priorities. Within four years (2007-2011), direct budget support to Government has increased from 1% to 12 %. Below is a table depicting the trench in budget support disbursements: Continue on Next Slide
Government of Liberia Preferred Aid Modality (Contd) Summary Analysis of Budget Support by Partner FY2006/2007 - FY2011/2012 FY2006/2007FY2007/2008FY2008/2009FY2009/2010FY2010/2011 FY2011/2012 ProjectionTotalTotal by % ADB 23,004,590 22,680,000 45,684,59037.2% China 1,500,000 6,900,000 8,400,0006.8% European Union 8,500,000 27,495,000 7,050,000 43,045,00035.0% France 1,200,000 1.0% World Bank 4,000,000 11,485,200 5,000,000 24,485,20019.9% Total 2,700,000 4,000,000 23,004,590 12,500,000 38,980,200 41,630,000 122,814,790100.0% 2.2%3.3%18.7%10.2%31.7%33.9%100.0%
Table 1: Actual Aid Disbursement by Partner and Aid Modality, FY2009/2010 Disbursements By Partner and Modality: FY2009/10 PartnerBudget Support Trust Fund Contributions (LRTF) Pooled Fund Contributions GoL-Executed ProjectsNon-GoL Executed ProjectsTotal by Partner% of total Aid AfDB 13,807,67416,350,60030,158,2748.5% Denmark 5,848,068 1.6% DFID/UK 4,025,000 13,693,05017,718,0505.0% EC8,590,394 32,356,85940,947,25311.5% Foundations 3,506,432 1.0% Germany 14,100,000 3,877,50017,977,5005.1% Ireland 2,000,000 4,704,8926,704,8921.9% Norway 2,512,563 11,072,02712,442,21026,026,8007.3% United States 59,250,000 16.7% Sweden 5,600,000 210,00019,406,00025,216,0007.1% World Bank4,000,0007,964,000 59,232,1756,530,00077,726,17521.9% UN System 2,976,000 41,664,86744,640,86712.5% -UNICEF 2,976,000 14,386,20317,362,203 -WFP 27,278,664 Total by Type $12,590,394 $34,201,563 $4,976,000 $84,321,876 $219,630,478 $355,720,311100.0% Table 1 3.5%10%1%24%62%100.0%
Table 2: Actual Aid Disbursement by Partner and Aid Modality, FY2010/2011 DonorBudget SupportPooled FundTrust Fund GoL-executed Projects Non-GoL Executed ProjectsTotal by Partner% of total aid AfDB 14,513,863909,45015,423,3133.6% DFID/UK 6,440,0004,025,000266,4553,458,28014,189,7353.3% EC27,495,000 42,300,000 43,040,116112,835,11626.5% Denmark 5,891,368 1.4% Foundation 2,083,988 0.5% Germany 3,147,368 0.7% Ireland 3,525,000 891,6544,416,6541.0% Norway 19,095,47716,370,18435,465,6618.3% United States 142,387,779 33.4% Sweden 6,930,00011,354,00018,284,0004.3% World Bank11,485,200 9,766,53817,202,576 38,454,3149.0% UN System subtotal000033,648,261 7.9% - UNFPA 2,844,308 UNICEF 3,972,025 - WFP 26,831,928 Total by Type38,980,2009,965,00056,091,53858,008,371263,182,448426,227,557 9.1%2.3%13.2%13.6%61.7%100.0%
Concluding notes; how does it all affect GoL planning, coordination and budgeting? The purpose of reporting aid information is to support sound financial management practices, promote allocation efficiency, and to enable decision-makers understand recurrent cost implications of investment project from a good macroeconomic management perspective. Unfortunately, the lack of accurate information; executing aid outside budget; and other practices outside of country system have the following implications: Continue on Next Slide
Pose a challenge for budget preparation (the lack of a comprehensive picture/accurate data information on aid complicates budgeting process, overwhelm GoL development goals and creates duplication in service provision) Does not align donor funding with GoL development strategies Makes systematic reporting challenging (leaving GoL incapable to support better information exchange with donors, including vigorous tracking of ODA) Concluding notes; how does it all affect GoL planning, coordination and budgeting? (Contd)