Presentation on theme: "Open Access 2007 – Tanzania Can Tanzania participate better in the Knowledge Economy? Presented on 14 th November, 2007 Paradise Resort Hotel, Bagamoyo."— Presentation transcript:
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania Can Tanzania participate better in the Knowledge Economy? Presented on 14 th November, 2007 Paradise Resort Hotel, Bagamoyo Simbo Ntiro – ICT Advisor, COSTECH
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania We shall cover: The opportunities ICT offers Tanzanias Vision 2025 What is the knowledge economy? Tanzanias policy context in this regard Alternative approaches to policy formulation Who leads change? What are the big questions for Tanzania?
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania The opportunities ICT offers Opportunities to leap-frog traditional technology stages taken by developed countries (e.g. mobiles, Wi-Max, free-to-air satellite radio/TV) Be world-class – some of our companies compete with the best in the world (e.g. DStv, Thawte & VeriSign, Celtel, Kenya Airways, First National) Enhance our national development efforts (e.g. MoEVT, e-Government, TGDLC) Open Source can set us free (e.g. MobiPawa, Baobab Health Partnership, Ubuntu)
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania Tanzanias Vision 2025 Vision 2025 envisages that Tanzania is a country imbued with the following attributes: High quality livelihood Peace, stability and unity Good governance A well educated and learning society A strong and competitive economy
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania Tanzanias Vision 2025 But what is a strong and competitive economy? And what was in the minds of those who crafted our National Vision 2025? An industrialised economy A middle-income country Exploiting our natural resources better Turning our backs on our largely agrarian society But are we aiming at the correct target?
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania What is the knowledge economy? Overview Some describe today's global economy as one in transition to a knowledge-based economy, as an extension of the information society The transition requires that the rules and practices that determined success in the industrial economy need rewriting in an interconnected, globalised economy where knowledge resources such as know-how, expertise, and intellectual property are more critical than other economic resources such as land, natural resources, or even manpower There is also the web economy in which Google, Skype and eBay have created wealth based more on services that depend on mass interconnectivity rather than knowledge-based skills ICT is fundamental to knowledge-based economies
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania What is the knowledge economy? Key Concepts A key concept of this sector of economic activity is that knowledge and education (often referred to as "human capital") can be treated as: A business product, as educational and innovative intellectual products and services can be exported for a high value return. A productive asset In 1966 in his book The Effective Executive Peter Drucker differentiated workers thus: A manual worker works with his hands and produces stuff A knowledge worker works with his/her head not hands, and produces ideas, knowledge, and information
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania What is the knowledge economy? Prerequisites Human capital Education Incentives Knowledge Business support services Business formation Entrepreneurship support Business advisory services Access to finance Clusters of excellence Universities Research centres Knowledge parks A level playing field Progressive policies Consumer rights Good governance & rule of law Proactive regulation The Knowledge Economy requires fundamentally different approaches from policy makers and regulators
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania Tanzanias policy context Tanzanias National ICT Policy was promulgated in 2003, but remains largely unimplemented (institutional arrangements, sector-specific ICT policies) The National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty of 2005 (also known as MKUKUTA) tackles the three key development enemies ignorance, disease and poverty, but does not specifically take ICT into account
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania Tanzanias policy formulation methodology ICT is a sector in itself, but is also inherently cross-cutting Vision 2025 and MKUKUTA are the umbrellas But policy formulation is largely sector-specific in its outlook Implementation of policy is equally sector specific And is largely aiming at the wrong target!
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania Tanzanias policy formulation methodology At the national policy level we are not taking ICT into account Nor are we specifically addressing the requirements characteristics and challenges of the knowledge economy Vision 2025 MKUKUTA FinanceHealth Education Trade and industry Planning, Economy & Empowerment Infrastructure Development Research & development Vertical & unrelated policy planks
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania An alternative approach (others exist) Take an holistic view and implement Vision 2025 MKUKUTA FinanceHealth Education Trade and industry Planning, Economy & Empowerment Infrastructure Development Research & development Revise sector-specific Policies taking KE & ICT into account Knowledge economy span Revised National ICT Policy
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania The big questions for Tanzania What can be done to prepare Tanzania for the transition to a knowledge economy in an information society? Who should lead this process? Who should drive this change? We know what needs to be done. The issue is LEADERSHIP
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania Who leads change? Top-down Bottom-up Clusters Networks/ Interest Groups Implementers/ Actors Political Leaders and Technocrats We can all be leaders of change Non– systemic change Systemic change
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania Systemic & non-systemic change Systemic change (top-down) takes a long time and requires political will Policy, regulatory, legal frameworks Whole country/sector benefits Big change Non-systemic change (bottom-up & cluster) can be lead by anybody, can be difficult, but can eventually spur systemic change Action-oriented Driven by immediate perceived benefits Can be scaled up to big change as benefits are clear once implemented
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania To recap ICT affords incredible opportunities Our development Vision and sectoral policies do not aim at the Knowledge Economy Alternative policy formulation methods exist for ICT and the KE Leadership is key Top-down change can be driven from the bottom or by clusters What will YOU do after this Conference?
Open Access 2007 – Tanzania Thank you for your attention Any questions? Simbo Ntiro ICT Advisor