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Presentation by Maclean T. Mbepula Shekinah Invest OPEN ACCESS 2009 CONFERENCE: THEME: HARNESSING THE RAPID GROWTH OF FIBRE OPTIC FIBRE INFRASTRUCTURE.

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Presentation on theme: "Presentation by Maclean T. Mbepula Shekinah Invest OPEN ACCESS 2009 CONFERENCE: THEME: HARNESSING THE RAPID GROWTH OF FIBRE OPTIC FIBRE INFRASTRUCTURE."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presentation by Maclean T. Mbepula Shekinah Invest OPEN ACCESS 2009 CONFERENCE: THEME: HARNESSING THE RAPID GROWTH OF FIBRE OPTIC FIBRE INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SOCIAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

2 OUTLINE CURRENT SITUATION WHY I.C.T. ENTREPRENEURSHIP OPPORTUNITIES CHALLENGES WAY FORWARD RECOMMENDATIONS REFERENCES

3 Map of Malawi Population: 13 million 118,484 square kms Males: 49 % Females: 51% 32 % population growth (1998 - 2008) 6.2 million : 18 years and above - 3.2 million are females http://www.nso.malawi.net

4 CURRENT SITUATION GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES PRIVATE SECTOR ACTIVITIES PUBLIC RESPOND / TRENDS

5 GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES Growing Awareness of Importance of I.C.T. Investment in Fibre Optic Infrastructure Changes in policies Decrease or total removal of tax on most I.C.T. imports Youth Development Funds

6 PRIVATE SECTOR ACTIVITIES Growing Employment of I.C.T.s in daily activities Completed Fibre Infrastructure Projects: MTL ESCOM and Malswitch (MALINK) Cost of technology and services decreasing

7 Competitiveness of Cellular Networks ZAIN, TNM & MTL ZAP – Money Transfer Service Through Mobile Technology Blackberry Service Roaming Internet

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10 Competitiveness of the Banking Industry NBS, MSB, OIBM, (BIG Banks slide - lined – under dogs seem to be leading) Credit Cards & Debit Cards (NBS and MSB) OIBM – Cash-back Services

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12 Competitiveness of Internet Service Providers Skyband, MTL, TNM, ZAIN, BURCO, SDNP, MALAWINET Increased number of hotspot areas Cheaper charges for internet use because of increased competition

13 PUBLIC RESPONSE Growing Usage of I.C.T. Infrastructure e.g. increase in internet users (www.worldinternetstats.com) Increased Expectations because of public exposure to different or newer services

14 OPPORTUNITIES Development At Very High Rates Skilled Work Force Non- Saturated market places: Customers with many unmet needs Direct Initiatives from Government to Attract Investors (Malawi Investment Procurement Agencies)

15 WHY I.C.T. ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND SUPPLY CHAINS It can solve some of Malawis/Africas most pressing problems and challenges High Unemployment Rate Low Wages Leverage Positioning Movement

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19 CHALLENGES Slow Development and Deployment of I.C.T. Infrastructure e.g. Debit and Credit cards for e-commerce Slow Decision Making Process High Illiteracy Levels (58 %) Cost of Technology

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21 Cost of Doing Business Lack of Professionalism amongst I.C.T. Practitioners in Malawi Generally Poor Customer Service African Dispora Financing / Funding Hurdles High Interest Rates

22 WAY FORWARD Research I.C.T. Entrepreneurship Developments Facilitation of Generic Business Building Courses I.C.T. Entrepreneurship training

23 RESEARCH Feasibility Business Orientated Research Academic Orientated Research

24 DEPLOYMENT OF SOLUTIONS I.C.T. Entrepreneurship Development Facilitation of Business Building Courses I.C.T. Entrepreneurship

25 OUR RECOMMENDATIONS Innovative Application of I.C.T. in Malawi African Solutions for African problems Business to Entrepreneurship Mentoring Virtual Companies Business to Business Learning

26 Networking and Collaboration Introduction of Compulsory Business Awareness Courses Nurturing of Tertiary Level Business Start-Ups, Inventions, Innovations or Licensing Creating Incentives For Professional Business Establishment

27 REFERENCES [1] Millennium Development Goals, (MDGs) from the Millennium Declaration. (September 2000). (www.un.org/documents/ga/res/55/a55r002.pdf ) [2] Guide to Investing in Malawi – 2009, by MIPA – Malawi Investment Procurement Agency, 2009 [3] United Kingdom DTI Innovation Report -Competing in the global economy: The Innovation Challenge. (December 2003). Department of Trade and Industry. http://www.dti.gov.uk/DTI/Pub7035/2k/12/03/NP.URN03/1607 [4] Malawi Growth and Development Strategy : From Poverty to Prosperity, 2006 – 2011 (MGDS). (2005). [5] Vadim Kotelnikov (2007), Small and Medium Enterprises and I.C.T. UNDP Asia-Pacific Development Information Programme. http://www.apdip.net / http://www.unapcict.org, ISBN: 978-974-8283-93-7 [6] British Council Inter-Action campaigns Leadership development initiative, campaign slogan

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