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© 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Access For All in Andhra Pradesh, India.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Access For All in Andhra Pradesh, India."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Access For All in Andhra Pradesh, India Dr. M. B. Srinivas Associate Professor International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad, India

2 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies (CVEST) (Pronounced as QUEST)

3 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad CVEST - Staff and Students Faculty – 5 Professors – 2 Associate Professors – 2 Assistant Professor– 1 Students Graduates by Research– 8 Graduates by Course Work– 25 Under Graduates – 10 Others – 5

4 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Research Algorithms for Physical Layout Design Low Power VLSI Design Embedded Systems Design Advanced Computer Architecture FPGA based Design

5 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Laboratories Portal Player VLSI Lab Motorola Embedded Systems Lab Intel Network Processor Lab Microsoft Pervasive Computing Lab VIA Affordable Computing Lab

6 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Collaborations Stanford University Digital Vision Programme International Institute of Health, Australia Byrraju Foundation, Hyderabad, India Computer on Wheels (COW), Hyderabad, India

7 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Projects PDA based Attendance Monitoring in Schools for the Govt. of Andhra Pradesh –A Low cost PDA priced around US$ 60 was used –Used by 4700 MRPs in 80,000 schools in AP e-LLR software for Transport Department of the Govt. of Andhra Pradesh –Initially a Windows based Application was developed –To reduce cost for duplication in the entire state, a GNU/Linux version has been developed and deployed –Used in 110 RTA offices

8 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Connectivity in Andhra Pradesh

9 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Andhra Pradesh State Administration Hierarchy The State is divided into 23 Districts Each District is in turn divided into Mandals –1100 Mandals around the state Each Mandal is divided into Village Panchayats –29000 Villages Each Village may contain 1 or more Habitations

10 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad APSWAN NETWORK Srikakulam Courtesy: Govt. of Andhra Pradesh, India

11 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad APSWAN NETWORK APSWAN BSNL Leased lines 2 Mbps State Level Offices State Network Center (SNC) Secretariat, Hyderabad 25* 2Mbps LLs District Level Offices and Mandals Mandal Level Offices and Villages 2Mbps LL 64Kbps LL OFC Wireless 25x2Mbps lines from Districts Courtesy: Govt. of Andhra Pradesh, India

12 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad APTransco OFC run along 220 kV HV lines covering 9 districts in the state The OFC terminates at the 220 kV Substations in these districts A total of 70 locations is covered through this network Terabit capacity exists on this network

13 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Rail Net OFC laid along the Railway tracks running across the entire country Terminations provided at each Railway Station Huge opportunity exists to use this network to provide connectivity However, last mile connectivity is still a problem

14 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Last Mile Connectivity Existing Options CorDECT Technology developed at IITM, Chennai Computer on Wheels (COW) with Mobile Connectivity Wireless LAN –Can go up to 20KM OFC connectivity provided by Cable Operators

15 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad IITM, Chennai Model CorDECT Technology with Wireless in Local Loop –Provides a telephone line and Internet connection in a 30 Km radius –Can connect 85% of Indian villages –Start-up costs very low INR 50,000 (including taxes) per Kiosk providing telephone, Internet, multimedia PC with web- camera, printer and power back-up for PC Set up by a village entrepreneur –Provides telephone, stand-alone Computer and Internet services –Needs 3000 per month to break even (INR 3 per person per month) Courtesy: Prof. Ashok Jhunjhunwala IITM, Chennai, India

16 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad n-Louge Model Courtesy: Prof. Ashok Jhunjhunwala IITM, Chennai, India

17 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Computers-on-Wheels (COW) with Mobile Connectivity Motorcycle based unit with Laptop, solar panel Information Provider goes around several villages giving and collecting relevant information Links the villages to Commercial, Health and Agricultural services Villager pays for the service Courtesy: Mrs. Rajeshwari, COW Project

18 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Wireless LAN Courtesy: Byrraju Foundation, Hyderabad

19 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad i-SHRAVAN The pilot will be conducted in two villages within a radius of 25 km Timings of Service 0700 – 0830 hrs Healthcare Kalavapudi, Foundations HC 0900 – 1200 hrs School Education Kalavapudi,. High School 1400 – 1700 hrs School Education Kallakurru,. High School 1730 – 1900 hrs Healthcare Kallakurru, Foundations HC

20 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Handheld Devices to Provide Services in Villages

21 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Attendance Monitoring in Schools

22 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Patient Monitoring in PHCs

23 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Desktop Modem + Telephone Line

24 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad GSM/GPRS Phones

25 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad PDA + Printer

26 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Local Language Support

27 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Handheld by Analogic Technomatics 4x20 LCD with backlight 1 MB Data Memory optional 4 MB to 16 MB Flash 24 Column Alphanumeric high-speed impact printer (2.7 lines/sec) Modem: Multi-Band GSM / GPRS, Dual Band EGSM 900 / 800 MHz, Quad Band GSM 850 / 900 / 1800 / 1900 MHz and PSTN V.22

28 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad UN GeSCI Project

29 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad UN GeSCI Project in AP 15,000 schools are proposed to be covered in next 3 years Each school is expected to have 6 to 8 computers e-Lessons on Compact Discs Children studying in Grade 6 to 10 are expected to use the facility

30 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Proposed Business Model INR 1 per student per day to the entrepreneur Expected Average Income per school per annum –200 students x 200 working days = 40,000 INR 200 per annum is big money for villagers and hence may not be able to pay Funds need to be pumped in both by the Govt. and other agencies to run the programme

31 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Entrepreneur (NIIT) Proposal Install 2 to 3 machines per school (5000 schools in the first year) Education content provided by NIIT and Others Expenses expected to be met from the fee paid by the students Profits to be made through following facilities –Internet –DTP –e-mail

32 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Conclusion ICT is important for overall development for 3 rd world countries Government cannot invest too much in ICT as there other fields like –Agriculture –Power –Water (Irrigation and Drinking) A low cost computing platform with GNU/Linux Operating System is the only solution

33 © 2004 Center for VLSI and Embedded System Technologies International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad Thank You


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