Presentation on theme: "Present perfect tense (II)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Present perfect tense (II) Chapter 9, Book 5B New Welcome to English Second Edition
2 Present perfect tense We form the present perfect tense with have/has + past participle.IYouWeTheythe milk.havedrunkHeSheItthe milk.hasdrunk
3 Present perfect tense Regular verbs Present Past Present perfect visit visitedhave / has visitedenjoyenjoyedhave / has enjoyedtalktalkedhave / has talkedhelphelpedhave / has helpeddomakegrowfallPresentPastPresent perfectIrregular verbsdidhave / has donemadehave / has madegrewhave / has grownfellhave / has fallen
4 Present perfect tense e.g. (a) Charlie is eating the sandwich. We use the present perfect tense to talk about completed actions.e.g. (a) Charlie is eating the sandwich.(b) Charlie has eaten the sandwich.
5 Present perfect tense I have washed the dishes yesterday. OR We use the present perfect tense when we do not know the time of an action. We do not usually use these phrases with the present perfect tense (e.g. yesterday, last week, in 1999, on Monday).I have washed the dishes yesterday. I washed the dishes yesterday.OR
6 Now you try.have drawn1 You ______________ a picture. (draw)
8 has flown3 Tom ___________ in a helicopter (fly)
9 has written4 Tina ____________ a letter to Santa Claus. (write)
10 Present perfect tense e.g. I’ve grown flowers for two years. We use the present perfect tense to talk about actions that started in the past and continue to the present.e.g. I’ve grown flowers for two years.
11 Present perfect tense We use the present perfect tense with since and for to say how long an action has lasted.
12 Present perfect tense Since We use since with the present perfect tense to refer to the starting point of an action.e.g. I have studied at this school since 1997.Now 2002starting time(1997)(1997 is a point of time, not a period of time.)
13 period of time (for five years) Present perfect tenseFor We use for with the present perfect tense to refer to a period of time.e.g. I have studied at this school for five years.Now 2002starting timesince 1997period of time (for five years)( ‘Five years’ is a period of time, not a point of time.)
14 Now you try. 1 I have had piano lessons _____ ten years. Use since or for.1 I have had piano lessons _____ ten years.2 Peter has collected stamps _____ 1990.3 Pam has grown flowers _____ last year.4 My brother has played football _____ two years.5 John and Jenny have been friends _____ eight months.6 They have done ballet _____ 2000.7 My father has driven his car _____ 1996.forsincesinceforforsincesince
15 Present perfect tense e.g. How long have you stayed here? We use How long … with the present perfect tense to ask the length of a period of time.e.g. How long have you stayed here? We use either since or for to answer How long questions.e.g. I have stayed here since 1992.ORI have stayed here for ten years.
16 Now you try. How long have you played the piano? I have played the piano since 1995.I have played the piano for seven years.Now 2002e.g.1995 / 7 years
17 How long has Betty studied? She has studied since six o’clock.She has studied for four hours.6 o’clock / 4 hoursNow o’clock
18 How long have you collected shells? I have collected shells since 1999.I have collected shells for three years.1999 / 3 yearsNow
19 How long have you done ballet? I have done ballet since 1996.I have done ballet for six years.1996 / 6 yearsNow
20 How long has he been a postman? He has been a postman since 1982.He has been a postman for twenty years.1982 / 20 yearsNow
21 Summary Past Tense Present Perfect Tense actions that happened in the past actions that started in the past and continue to the presente.g. I sang yesterday.e.g. I’ve sung for two hours. actions that have just finishede.g. I’ve just sung a famous song.
22 Summary Past Tense Present Perfect Tense We know the specific point of time of the action. We do not know the time of the action.e.g. I’ve drawn a picture already.e.g. I drew a picture last night.
23 Summary Past Tense Present Perfect Tense verb - 1 word verb - 2 wordse.g. I drew a picture.e.g. I’ve drawn a picture. Hint words: yesterday, last night, last Sunday, last year, ago, in 2000 Hint words: since, for, already, just, yet, ever
24 Practice e.g. I _______ a dress two weeks ago. (make) made 1 I ______________ in Hong Kong since (live)2 My parents _______ our house in (buy)3 Miss Lee ___________ at my school for two years. (teach)4 Tom _______ his uncle one month ago. (visit)5 Polly and Dolly __________ friends since last year. (be)6 The baby __________ for four hours. (sleep)have livedboughthas taughtvisitedhave beenhas slept
25 PracticeUse the past tense or the present perfect tense.I ___________ (study) in this school for five years. I _________ (come) to this school when I was five. The school __________ (be) here since Some of the teachers ___________ (teach) at this school for many years. Miss Chan and Miss Wong _____________ (start) teaching here 15 years ago.have studiedcamehas beenhave taughtstarted
26 PracticeUse the past tense or the present perfect tense.Tony __________ (live) in Kowloon for ten years. He _________ (move) from Hong Kong Island to Kowloon in Peter __________ (move) to Kowloon for one year. Tony and Peter ______________ (be friends) since last month.Today is Peter’s birthday. Tony _________ (go) to Peter’s birthday party at two o’clock this afternoon. They ___________ (play) games for two hours. They are still playing now.has livedmovedhas movedhave been friendswenthave played