Presentation on theme: "Present perfect tense (II) Chapter 9, Book 5B New Welcome to English Second Edition."— Presentation transcript:
Present perfect tense (II) Chapter 9, Book 5B New Welcome to English Second Edition
Present perfect tense We form the present perfect tense with have/has + past participle. I You We They the milk. havedrunk HeSheIt the milk. hasdrunk
Present perfect tense didhave / has done madehave / has made grewhave / has grown fellhave / has fallen do make grow fall PresentPastPresent perfect Irregular verbs Regular verbs PresentPastPresent perfect visitvisitedhave / has visited enjoyenjoyedhave / has enjoyed talktalkedhave / has talked helphelpedhave / has helped
Present perfect tense We use the present perfect tense to talk about completed actions. e.g. (a) Charlie is eating the sandwich. (b) Charlie has eaten the sandwich.
Present perfect tense We do not usually use these phrases with the present perfect tense (e.g. yesterday, last week, in 1999, on Monday). I have washed the dishes yesterday. We use the present perfect tense when we do not know the time of an action. I washed the dishes yesterday. OR
Now you try. 1 You ______________ a picture. (draw) have drawn
2 Peter ___________ a camel. (ride) has ridden
3 Tom ___________ in a helicopter. (fly) has flown
4 Tina ____________ a letter to Santa Claus. (write) has written
Present perfect tense We use the present perfect tense to talk about actions that started in the past and continue to the present. e.g. Ive grown flowers for two years
Present perfect tense We use the present perfect tense with since and for to say how long an action has lasted.
Present perfect tense Since We use since with the present perfect tense to refer to the starting point of an action. e.g. I have studied at this school since (1997 is a point of time, not a period of time.) Now 2002 starting time (1997)
For Present perfect tense We use for with the present perfect tense to refer to a period of time. e.g. I have studied at this school for five years. ( Five years is a period of time, not a point of time.) Now 2002 starting time since 1997 period of time (for five years)
Now you try. Use since or for. 1 I have had piano lessons _____ ten years. 2 Peter has collected stamps _____ Pam has grown flowers _____ last year. 4 My brother has played football _____ two years. 5 John and Jenny have been friends _____ eight months. 6 They have done ballet _____ My father has driven his car _____ for since
Present perfect tense We use How long … with the present perfect tense to ask the length of a period of time. e.g. How long have you stayed here? We use either since or for to answer How long questions. e.g. I have stayed here since OR I have stayed here for ten years.
Now you try. e.g. Now / 7 years How long have you played the piano? I have played the piano since I have played the piano for seven years.
Now 10 oclock 6 oclock / 4 hours How long has Betty studied? She has studied since six oclock. She has studied for four hours.
Now / 3 years How long have you collected shells? I have collected shells since I have collected shells for three years.
Now / 6 years How long have you done ballet? I have done ballet since I have done ballet for six years.
Now / 20 years How long has he been a postman? He has been a postman since He has been a postman for twenty years.
actions that happened in the past actions that started in the past and continue to the present actions that have just finished e.g. I sang yesterday.e.g. Ive sung for two hours. e.g. Ive just sung a famous song. Summary Past TensePresent Perfect Tense
Summary Past TensePresent Perfect Tense We know the specific point of time of the action. e.g. I drew a picture last night. We do not know the time of the action. e.g. Ive drawn a picture already.
verb - 1 word e.g. I drew a picture. verb - 2 words e.g. Ive drawn a picture. Summary Past TensePresent Perfect Tense Hint words: yesterday, last night, last Sunday, last year, ago, in 2000 Hint words: since, for, already, just, yet, ever
Practice e.g. I _______ a dress two weeks ago. (make) made 1 I ______________ in Hong Kong since (live) 2 My parents _______ our house in (buy) 3 Miss Lee ___________ at my school for two years. (teach) 4 Tom _______ his uncle one month ago. (visit) 5 Polly and Dolly __________ friends since last year. (be) 6 The baby __________ for four hours. (sleep) have lived bought has taught visited have been has slept
Practice I ___________ (study) in this school for five years. I _________ (come) to this school when I was five. The school __________ (be) here since Some of the teachers ___________ (teach) at this school for many years. Miss Chan and Miss Wong _____________ (start) teaching here 15 years ago. Use the past tense or the present perfect tense. have studied came has been have taught started
Practice Use the past tense or the present perfect tense. Tony __________ (live) in Kowloon for ten years. He _________ (move) from Hong Kong Island to Kowloon in Peter __________ (move) to Kowloon for one year. Tony and Peter ______________ (be friends) since last month. Today is Peters birthday. Tony _________ (go) to Peters birthday party at two oclock this afternoon. They ___________ (play) games for two hours. They are still playing now. have been friends moved has moved has lived went have played