Presentation on theme: "DoD OSINT Program: A Speculative Review"— Presentation transcript:
1DoD OSINT Program: A Speculative Review Robert David SteeleFounder, USMC Intelligence CommandFounder, OSS Network
2The OSINT Marketplace State & Local Marketplace Federal Marketplace 50 States Spend Today: $0Need to Spend: $1.5B in HS funds ($30M/state) for Community Intelligence Centers/networksOthers should follow along.TOTAL: $3B/YearFederal MarketplaceUS Spends Today: $250MNeeds to Spend: $1.5BOther Governments Should Spend an Equal Amount.TOTAL: $3B/YearCorporate MarketplaceMultinationals Today: $12-15BMostly “BI” or ITMediocre CI or external à la carte small stuffSmall Business Today: $1BShould Increase by 10XTOTAL: $100B/YearAssociational MarketplaceUN, Red Cross, Amnesty International, others: $100MNeed to Spend: $1B+Religions, Clans, and Citizen Intelligence are the Wild Cards--potential for Google customers alone is $8B on a bell curve from $5 to $5000 a year, with $500 as the average.
3OSINT Matters I"By `intelligence' we mean every sort of information about the enemy and his country--the basis, in short, of our own plans and operations."Clausewitz, On War, 1832Emphasis Added.You get no points for just knowingsecrets when they are less than 2%of what you need to know.
4OSINT Matters II What’s on the other side of the hill? ® All the business of war, and indeed all the business of life, is to endeavor to find out what you don’t know by what you do; that’s what I called “guessing what was at the other side of the hill”.Duke of Wellingtonquoted in John Wilson Croker, The Croker Papers (1884)
5This is what got General Schoomaker’s attention. OSINT Matters IIIThis is what got General Schoomaker’s attention.Strategic PlanningOperational CoordinationTactical EmploymentAcquisitionDesignHistoryContextCurrent AwarenessKey Personalities/MotivatorsImagery & Image MapsTranslation SupportStrategic GeneralizationsCritical Technologies
6Brief History of OSINT Diplomats diminished FBIS in WW II FBIS going, going….FRD on the marginER&A cut, cut, cutWe do secrets“On your own time…”“Use the Internet”
7USMC Intelligence Experience 1988 MCIC start-up$10M on DODIISLearned 90% raw infoNot secretNot onlineNot in EnglishNot available from DCNo DoD focal pointNo knowledge base
8US IC Response HPSCI Forced the Issue in 1992 FBIS claimed the turf and promptly blew itCOSPO created, DIA led & screwed it upMarkowitz tried hard, Dempsey blockedTenet June 1997 slam
9Meanwhile…. 1994 Steve Emerson got it right on jihad within the US 1996 Yossef Bodansky got it right on BL’s declaration of war1997 Pete Schoomaker established SOCOM OSINT
10DoD OSINT Today OSD POC Died DIA stopped OSINT No DoD Doctrine No DoD BudgetCINCS & Services & Agencies spending around $25M in complete disorder & mostly on data mining
11Data Mining is not Data Capture Spending $250M on data mining, and less than $10M on open source data capture, is not cool.80% of what we need is not available to FBIS or anyone else as we are now unled, un- funded, and untrained.Forget about the letter, which requires reading the language,I’ve got the stamp…so pretty!
12Meanwhile….2003 SecDef quotes Bin Laden training manual as saying Al Qaeda gets 80% of its intelligence from OSINT but…Ramps up OPSEC (good) but does not establish DoD OSINT
13Good News I JWAC $14M SOCOM OSINT $1M+ Army OSINT Lab $3M (U. New Mexico)PACOM VIC (J-8) surviving J-2 attacksEUCOM, other CINCs spending $500K each
14Good News II Pete Dorn did some good on the SSCI NSA AIRIES $10M? $4.5M to Kansas$5.5M to JFCOMNSA AIRIES $10M?CIA/DI $2M?OMB Code M320SASC Thinking…
15Good News III Dr. Cambone gets it. 27 Feb 03 Exchange with Senator Warner“Six Points Speech”Universal coverageStrategic warningAgile, flexibleIntelligent intelligenceReal-time, real-world“Exquisite intelligence”
16Proposed DoD OSINT Program $125M start year$1.5B FOC by 2010Corporations go on to:$150B/yr Corporate BI$15B/yr Small Business BI$8B/yr Google a la carte$1.5B/yr Homeland Security$1.5B/yr Foreign HS$1B+/yr UN/NGOIt all starts with DoD…..
17World War III Players Nation-States Private Sector Bacteria Citizens GangsNation states are only ten percent of the threat. More threatening are private sector organizations that destroy people’s life savings or export their jobs, or that implant immoral capitalism abroad, enriching elites and disenfranchising all others; ethnic criminal gangs such as we see coming out of Russia, China, Vietnam, Korea, Japan, and Colombia; and bacteria.Finally, we have Mother Earth, on the verge of collapse. The Earth is tired of our talk, wants peace, an end to promises, and perhaps an end to us. [Philip Levine, 1979]Mother EarthWater-Air-Green
18New Craft of Intelligence Lessons of HistoryIIGlobal CoverageIIINational IntelligenceIVSpies & SecrecyChina, Islam, Ethnic, Etc.Cost-Sharing with Others--Shared Early WarningNarrowly focused!Harness distributed intelligence of NationOur national security program must be an informed program. I am quite serious when I suggest that Washington is operating on 2% of the relevant multi-lingual information.We must create a Smart Nation that respects the lessons of history in all languages; creates cost sharing networks with other nations; harnesses the distributed intelligence in our private sector; and focuses a revitalized spy service narrowly, deeply, and effectively.I believe we can double or triple what can be known, relatively quickly, at a cost of less than $125 million in year one.
19Baker’s Dozen Approach Digital History ProjectNGO Data WarehouseGlobal Coverage Virtual International Task ForcesGeneric Open Source Intelligence Training (for all seven tribes)JFCOM Lead to Create Generic Analytic Tool-KitFive Regional OSINT Centers (Multi-National)International Trade CenterDigital Marshall Plan (also JFCOM/ATC lead)University of the Republic
20Digital History Project Digital History Project will, within one year, digitize essential Chinese & Islamic pages, and such other foreign language historical, political, economic, social, and related information, as needed to create a foundation for rapidly visualizing and modeling historical information relevant to current and projected threats.$5M Yr 1
21NGO Data WarehouseNGO Data Warehouse and Network will provide free storage and network access to all NGOs, and will in cooperation with the Pearson Peacekeeping Center in Canada, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and selected lead elements of the NGO community, put vital NGO “local knowledge” online for US use.$10M Yr 1
22Global Coverage TeamsGlobal Coverage “Virtual International Task Forces” will establish a series of topical task forces to manage global force protection monitoring and rapid response surge assessments. A special emphasis will be placed on long-term topics not qualifying for classified collection and analysis but still vital to national security.$10M Yr 1
23Generic OSINT Training Generic Open Source Intelligence Training Program will create distance learning modules as well as 4-person MTT to visit every CINC, every ally, every Embassy, every NGO, and key universities as well as key corporations, all of which will be voluntarily integrated into a global information-sharing grid. Early emphasis will be on shared templates for data capture.$10M Yr 1
24Generic Analytic Tool-Kit JFCOM, perhaps building on the Future Intelligence Collaborative Environment (FICE) will develop a generic multi-media analytic toolkit integrating all eighteen of the functionalities identified in 1985 by the Office of Scientific & Weapons Research. This tool-kit will be readily available to all seven intelligence tribes, internationally.$10M Yr 1
25Regional OSINT Centers Regional multi-national and multi-tribal OSINT Centers will be established by each of the five area commanders including NORTHCOM. Such centers will fully leverage indigenous allied and coalition partner access to local knowledge that is not digital, and to native language skills not available to US forces.$50M Yr 1
26Regional Intelligence Center I created our Nation’s newest all-source intelligence center from 1988 to I have served in three of the four Directorates at CIA, and I understand the real world and what can be known about the real world.I’m here to tell you that the US Government, on its own, with all the money in the world to spend, will never in a million years get it right.We must—we must—lead the way in creating regional intelligence centers that share the burden and leverage local access and local knowledge. From OSINT we can graduate to multinational clandestine and shared technical operations—but first we have to do OSINT.Deputy for CounterintelligenceJapanDeputy for Covert ActionThailand
27International Trade Center An International Trade Center and Chamber of Commerce Network will establish a web-based means of connecting and leveraging the local knowledge of all US General Managers stationed overseas, while enhancing US business access to risk and other warning information funded by the DoD OSINT Program.$5M Yr 1
28Digital Marshall PlanThe Digital Marshall Plan, with JFCOM (and ATC in the lead for NATO) will fund the accelerated introduction of Internet connectivity to areas now “dark” for U.S. forces, with a special emphasis on Muslim countries. Abandoned DoD satellite bandwidth will be repurposed to provide free T-3 connectivity where possible.$10M Yr 1
29University of the Republic The University of the Republic, with a Global Outreach Program, will bring together and educate “cohorts” of promising entry-level, mid-career, and senior-level subject-matter experts from across all seven tribes and across all nations, in this manner creating a multi-generational international SME reserve expert on all topics/countries.$15M Yr 1
31Global Threats to Local Survival Complex Emergencies32 CountriesRefugees/Displaced66 CountriesFood Security33 CountriesChild Soldiers41 CountriesModern Plagues*59 Countries & RisingWater Scarcity &Contaminated Water**Ethnic Conflict 18 Genocides Today**Resource Wars, Energy Waste & Pollution**Corruption Common80 CountriesCensorship Very High62 CountriesInstability spawns migrations, criminal activity, and disease as well as terrorism.There are 20 or so complex emergencies involving over 32 countries that are considered to be “failed states.” We have millions of refugees, millions of starving people, millions of people subject to plagues and epidemics.You know these challenges well—but until we educate America, and our citizens in turn demand action from Congress and the Executive, these threats to our Nation will continue to multiply and interact.*State of the World Atlas (1997), ** Marq de Villier (Water), John Heidenrich and Greg Stanton (Genocide), Michael Klare et al (Resources), all others from PIOOM Map 2002
32Four Different Threats to America: Require Four Different Security Approaches PHYSICALSTEALTH,PRECISIONTARGETINGNATURALRANDOMCYBER -DATABASEIDEO -MASSGUERRILLAWARCULTURALWARHIGH TECHBRUTES(BIG WAR)LOW TECH(GANGS)SEERS(HOME)(POOR)MONEY--RUTHLESSNESSPOWER BASEKNOWLEDGE--IDEOLOGYTERRORISMECONOMICWARAs I discuss in my second book, copies of which are in your library, the real world presents America with four distinct threats, each completely different, each requiring completely different national security capabilities.Three of these four threat classes require very big investments in peaceful preventive measures and in human expertise.That’s where you come in. It is time for State to get back in the business of grand strategy, inter-agency planning, and inter-agency operational campaign management.
33NATO OSINTNATO also gets it. Under the leadership of another great Army general, William Kernan, NATO, when it began expanding, adopted OSINT as its standard for establishing common understandings with Partnership for Peace nations and other coalition partners of the moment, including non-governmental organizations.As of this minute, these three publications, all available free on the Internet, represent the standard of excellence for OSINT.
34European Intelligence Network Open borders demand regional intelligenceDecades of lax control over immigration & citizenship demand aggressive policingEUROPOL won’t doEurope has a chance to do something brilliantLet me jump from that to the current discussion of the need for a European intelligence agency.Europe, like America, must deal with decades of lax control over immigration and citizenship —terrorists have US & European passports.EUROPOL is not up to this challenge, and I do not believe that any kind of centralized pan-European agency will be effective either. Instead, I believe that Europe must create a network, with standards and templates for sharing information, not just between governments, but with the private sector. It is my hope Europe will do something brilliant.
35New Strategy: 1 + iii: Need better balance within national security. 50% % % %250B vs. 400B B vs 20B B vs. 20B B vs. 32BCINCWARCINCSOLICCINCPEACECINCHOMEStrategic NBCSmall WarsState/USIAIntelligenceBig War(s)ConstabularyPeace CorpsBorder PatrolGround TruthEconomic AidPort Security1iElectronicReserveEnvironmentPublic HealthPeace NavyNow let’s discuss money. A proper national intelligence endeavor, relying predominantly but not exclusively on open sources, should conclude that we cannot cut the national security budget, but that we should create four forces corresponding to the four major threat types.Big War can go down to $250 billion a year. Small war, including Ambassador Bob Oakley’s gendarme and an armed “white hat” capability, goes up to $75B. State should get $100B a year more to do peace. Homeland security needs to go up to $75B, half at the federal level, the other half at the state and local levels, to create full-blown intelligence centers and professional cadres of intelligence and counterintelligence specialists at the local level.
36We Can Do This! Lead to the Big Dogs: Lockheed MartinNorthrop GrummanBoeing, Booz, etc.Help Each Other or Get Out of the WayOSINT Professional Association Needed?OSINT has arrived.