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6 Presentation Skills Research Methods – Bazara Barry.

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Presentation on theme: "6 Presentation Skills Research Methods – Bazara Barry."— Presentation transcript:

1 6 Presentation Skills Research Methods – Bazara Barry

2 Introduction Some people prepare for a presentation by using incorrect methods, such as writing out their entire speech and either reading or trying to memorize it. Using the wrong methods and practicing your presentation to perfection will not change a bad approach into a good one and certainly will not make you a good speaker. Research Methods – Bazara Barry

3 Presentation anxieties and skills 1.Feeling of overall anxiety and general lack of confidence  Develop a positive attitude. 2.Physical manifestation of nervousness  Breathing techniques and nonverbal cues. 3.Fear of forgetting the content  Use key phrases. 4.Fear of alienating the audience  Analyze the audience and establish rapport with them. Research Methods – Bazara Barry

4 Developing a confident attitude Develop a positive attitude about your presentation in order to overcome your lack of confidence. Our thoughts are influencing our feelings, attitudes, and behavior all the time. Changing the negative thoughts about the presentation into positive ones will make your behavior look confident.

5 Research Methods – Bazara Barry Breathing technique and nonverbal behavior Relax and breathe deeply before you start your talk. Use correct body language and nonverbal cues.  Make direct eye contact and use an animated facial expression.  Natural gestures and make good use of space.  Handle visual aids effectively to reflect a professional image.  Ensure vocal clarity, fluency, variety, pauses.  Dress properly  Time your presentation.

6 Research Methods – Bazara Barry Use key phrases Never write out your whole talk because: 1.A reader can go back and re-read a sentence to figure out the meaning, but a listener cannot. 2.You will not sound spontaneous. 3.It is difficult to continue if you forget a point. 4.Your concentration will be inward (on words) not outward (on ideas). Practicing is important because it ensures that your timing is correct and your points are sequential.

7 Research Methods – Bazara Barry Planning and selecting your information 1.Choose a topic. 2.Jot down your ideas. 3.Think about your audience. 4.Find your purpose. 5.Select information for the body of your talk. 6.Know who you are. 7.Plan the introduction (clear statement of purpose, background information, overview of the topic) and conclusion (clear link to your objectives, reinforcement of major points).

8 Research Methods – Bazara Barry Summary of what gives you confidence 1.Positive thoughts about your presentation. 2.Knowledge about your subject. 3.Careful planning beforehand. 4.Excellent analysis of your audience. 5.Practicing your talk out lout from key words. 6.Good nonverbal cues.

9 Research Methods – Bazara Barry Oral reports 1.Objectives 2.Scope. 3.Procedure and method. 4.Results or findings. 5.Conclusions 6.Recommendations

10 Research Methods – Bazara Barry Paired presentations Each speaker should speak for approximately the same amount of time, and the division of speaking should be at logical breaks in the talk. Each time a speaker starts, an automatic emphasis should be given to what has just been said. Ensure that you present a coherent, well-linked, well- emphasized presentation. If you are the first speaker: Introduce yourself and your fellow presenter. Give the objectives of the talk. Give an overview of the talk.

11 Research Methods – Bazara Barry Group presentations Ensure that the overall presentation has the correct emphasis. Choose the key points that need to be mentioned to enable your major objectives to be achieved. The ultimate message should contain those few major points that were developed through everyone’s presentation.

12 Research Methods – Bazara Barry Credibility of speaker ContentDelivery ExpertiseClear introduction, body and conclusion. Logical, coherent, good transitions. Concise, Accurate, well- supported Appropriate dress. Correct timing. Belief in self. Confident. Relaxed. Variety: gestures/voice. TrustworthinessIdentify audience. Deliver what you promise. Unified message Eye contact. Calm, open gestures. Attitude of involvement conveyed to audience. DynamismActive, vigorous language. Examples applicable to audience Interactive facial expression. Rapport with audience. Variety in voice, pausing. Enthusiasm

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