Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Modular Forces Overview

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Modular Forces Overview"— Presentation transcript:

1 Modular Forces Overview
19 January 2005 Department of Defense transformation includes "new combinations of concepts, capabilities, people, and organizations“. Your Army is transforming to meet the very real challenges of the 21st century. It is critical that everyone understands the challenges that your Army faces today and how we are changing to meet those challenges . We are transforming to a Campaign Quality Army with a Joint and Expeditionary Capabilities. COL Rickey E. Smith Director, Futures Center Forward 161645JAN05

2 Combatant Commanders need versatile, potent land power
Big Picture Context The Strategic Context We are a nation at war This is a prolonged period of conflict for the US with great uncertainty about the nature and location of that conflict We must be able to defuse crises and/or defeat aggression early to prevent escalation, limit damage Thus, we need flexible, rapidly deployable forces and sufficient depth and strength to sustain multiple, simultaneous operations We are a Nation at War, and it is essential to understand the kind of war we are currently waging. The United States military overwhelms conventional enemies The enemy is highly adaptive and self-organizing, and he presents fleeting targets. Our tactical forces have adapted to meet this challenge and must continue to adapt. Soldiers and Leaders have performed magnificently, and it is a testament to their agility and versatility. We have a mandate for change:  First and foremost, enable Soldiers today; Increase the speed at which we compile, assess and incorporate the hard lessons learned by Soldiers and leaders; Integrate change in a manner that enhances combat effectiveness and readiness; and Remain vigilant to safeguard our Soldier's preeminent advantage in the future. The Army must maximize Combat Power for Combatant Commanders We have over 274,000 SOLDIERS overseas in over 100 countries (~ 26 brigade combat teams) Combatant Commanders need versatile, potent land power 161645JAN05

3 Challenges for the Current Force
War is the norm, peace is the exception Our adversaries seek adaptive advantage through asymmetry We have near peer competitors in niche areas Conventional Force on Force conflicts are still possible There is an enormous pool of potential combatants armed with irreconcilable ideas Our homeland is part of the battlespace We are adapting to these challenges NOW After 9-11, we find ourselves in an increasingly unstable world. We are dealing with terrorists, regional instability, and the very dangerous proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. The dangers exists from our Homeland to the very theater where combat operations can occur. Our deployments have been largely unpredictable and for longer periods. We found a need to rapidly incorporating the right Lessons Learned, staying ahead of adversaries, and focusing on what is necessary We’ve seen an increased need for smaller, more agile units; not of divisional size, but of brigade size with more capabilities (MPs, SOF, Civil Affairs). 161645JAN05 3

4 Transforming Now for the Strategic Environment
Intent of Slide: Detail all of the transformation efforts that the Army is undertaking to meet current and future challenges Combined – all of these produce capable and ready forces Modularity is one of these transformational efforts - creating brigade-sized building blocks of combat power Transforming Now for the Strategic Environment A Campaign Quality Army with Joint and Expeditionary Capabilities Redesign the Organization Redefine the Culture Relieve the Stress Realign the Force Invest for the Future Optimize our Capabilities Talking Points The Army is Changing to meet the requirements of the Nation (left to right skipping Modularity): Redefining the Culture – infusing the Warrior Spirit in all we do and adjusting Global Posture for a more expeditionary Army Relieving the Stress – Implementing Force Stabilization Initiatives to better provide our Soldiers, their families and our units with more predictability and stability Realigning the Force. Changing our global basing and posture – at the end of this program our Army will be predominantly based in CONUS and will rotate for planned and contingency operations Invest for the Future – Maintaining our commitment to the future force and Future Combat Systems while focusing on technologies that can best help our engaged force win the Global War on Terror Optimize Capabilities – Continue efforts to rebalance what capabilities we have and where they reside in the AC/RC to better respond to the mission without continually relying on the same units again and again. Redesigning the Organization – Modularity Redesigning our units to be more agile. Modularity is the Army’s efforts to Create brigade-sized building blocks of combat power; so we can create a larger pool of units across the AC and the RC that can better meet the needs of the Combatant Commanders. With a larger pool of units, we can relieve the stress on our force Tailorable, capable units improve the options available to the Combatant Commanders Commanders Also changing headquarters to better leverage Joint Interdependencies and ability to manage Joint Operations The glue to all of these changes is our Army’s culture “Why are we fixing something that isn’t broken?” We are making the necessary adjustments to meet the current challenges of our global environment. Migration to a brigade centric Army reflects a significant cultural shift from the way we do business today. Cultural changes will take time and won’t happen overnight. Modularity Warrior Ethos Force Stabilization Global Basing Future Forces AC/RC Balance Army Force Generation Model Winning the War While Transforming the Army 161645JAN05

5 What the Current Force Looks Like We’re good, but we can be better…
The Army Division = traditional building block But… Optimized for major land campaigns against similarly organized forces Large, fixed organizations with interconnected parts Requires extensive reorganization to create force packages Limits Regional Combatant Commander’s ability to mix and match packaged capabilities for multiple missions Limited Joint capabilities = ~15,000 Soldiers & Equipment (typically over 30,000 when deployed) DIVISION XX The Division is our current building block for all conflicts and operations, but it is: Industrial Aged Army focused on predictable opponents (Threat Based) Provides specialized functions to organizations to achieve combined arms capability, but adversely impacts unit effectiveness Organized by branch functionality to facilitate training of specialists Designed to defeat or destroy a like opponent in most environments Joint is additive --- not in design We’re good, but we can be better… 161645JAN05

6 A Campaign Quality Army with Joint and Expeditionary Capabilities
How to Change We must create units that are more relevant to Regional Combatant Commanders and generate versatile combat power with units that are… More self-contained, sustainable, lethal force packages Organized with capabilities for the full range of missions Truly joint interdependent – a trained and ready member of the joint force Comprised of adaptive, competent, and confident Soldiers and leaders These attributes make us a Campaign Quality Army with Joint and Expeditionary capabilities. Strategic flexibility; with relevant land forces available quickly Modular qualities with sustained land combat characteristics Highly adaptive forces to stay one step ahead of our enemies Enter the theater, gain the initiative, and fight at a time and place of our choosing. Win decisively as an integral part of Joint Forces in Major Combat Operations A Campaign Quality Army with Joint and Expeditionary Capabilities 161645JAN05

7 From Division to Brigade - Centric
FROM: An Army based around large, powerful, fixed organizations TO: An Army designed around smaller, more self-contained organizations XX Division X Brigade Field Artillery Military Police Intelligence Engineers Chemical Division Troops Aviation Mechanized Brigade Logistics Support Division Cav (Recon) Signal Armor Brigade Combined Arms Armed Recon Fires Intelligence Engineer MP/Security Signal Logistics Chemical Our current Army is a divisional one. We will become a brigade-based Army. We will take much of the structure in the division, and some at the Corps level, and create powerful, broad-spectrum, brigade-level Units of Action, that are much more capable of independent action. Currently, to get a broad-spectrum force, we start with a brigade and then add in all the enablers and then reinforce/task organize as needed. Once that’s done we often have many parts of different units left over, which are of limited use. UAs will be standing combined arms so as to require minimal augmentation, if any. The obvious advantage is the ability to train and work with your organic units Divisions will still have important roles, and will become capable of being used as a JTF-HQs as we move to a Unit of Employment X design. UEx will have Corps-level attributes as well. A UEx will command and control up to six maneuver BCT UAs and numerous multi-functional Support Brigades. Support Brigades themselves will be standardized. Active and Reserve units with the same organizational designs Brigade-sized units packaged to deploy more rapidly Flexible groupings of modular brigades tailor capabilities to missions More units create a larger number available to rotate into operations . . . and modular multi-functional Support Brigades MNVR EN Aviation Fires Sustainment BFSB Battlefield Surveillance Maneuver Enhancement A More Ready and Relevant Force 161645JAN05

8 With Brigades as Building Blocks
(Less than 4,000 Soldiers in each Brigade) X Infantry Heavy X X Stryker FCS X Future Standard maneuver brigades with organic combined arms capabilities X Maneuver Enhancement X Battlefield Surveillance X Aviation X Fires X Sustainment SUST Modularity represents a departure from the division-centric focus our Army has had since WWII. Currently, when a brigade is tasked for duty, the first thing it has to do is reorganize by taking pieces and parts from other areas of the division, such as artillery and engineering, in order to cobble together a BCT. Modularity changes that by creating standing combined arms brigades containing the combined arms capabilities necessary to deploy to a fight. Basically, we will organize as we fight. This includes adding access to joint capabilities at much lower levels with a more robust network for communications, more joint and specialized personnel, and enhanced training and leader development. These brigade combat teams will be either Infantry, Heavy or Stryker. Additionally, we are creating support brigades in such areas as maneuver enhancement, RSTA, aviation, fires and sustainment. This also sets the stage for the Future Combat Systems equipped future force by implementing now several doctrine, organization, and leader development activities we envision for FCS equipped units. This concept allows the Joint Force Commander greater flexibility to mix and match brigades depending on the operation. Supporting brigades with standard headquarters, but variable subordinate units 161645JAN05

9 With Tailorable Command and Control
Current Transformed XXXX Army Unit of Employment Y Operational HQ CORPS XXX Unit of Employment X Division Level HQ Army & Joint Support In AOR Migrating functions and capabilities to fewer levels Primary Warfighter JTF*/(C)JFLCC*/ARFOR Capable DIVISION XX JTF/(C)JFLCC Capable* We have transformed our command and control structure. Show the change in echelonment of Army forces. HQ are complementary, vice hierarchical functions The Division and Three Star Operational level headquarters have both complementary and reinforcing responsibilities. Both headquarters can conduct the whole range of tasks above the brigade level. Both HQ can be JTF and JFLCC, giving Joint Force Commanders greater flexibility. The Three Star Operational level headquarters is organized and equipped primarily as the Army service component command for a regional combatant command. This headquarters is organized and equipped to perform operational-level functions for land forces within a joint campaign in addition to its theater ASCC responsibilities. The two star division level headquarters is the Army’s primary tactical- and operational-level warfighting headquarters. It is designed as a modular command and control headquarters for full spectrum operations. The primary forces for engaging the enemy and executing missions will be Army brigades. Brigade BRIGADE X * With SJFHQ or Joint/Coalition Manning Battles & Engagements Functional Array, not pure Hierarchy 161645JAN05

10 Tailored Land Forces for Regional Combatant Commanders
Employing the Army in the Joint Force Units Available + Headquarter(s) & Command Posts + A Commander Heavy Infantry Stryker 4 3 2 1 UEy UEx Fires Aviation This chart illustrates the flexibility that Modularity provides: COCOMs essentially select the units as “Menu items” – mix and match depending on the operational situation. Can be the entire spectrum or operations – from stability and support to major combat The headquarters is jointly enabled and the level of command is dictated by the situation. Between now and 2010, two higher headquarters will replace the existing structure of divisions, corps, and echelons above corps UEx (primary warfighting) Combines the functions of today’s division with the tactical responsibilities of the corps. Directs the operations of the subordinate brigades and is not a fixed formation. Completely modular command and control entity designed to exercise command and control over various brigades. Will not have any organic forces beyond the elements that make up the headquarters. Can be the JFLCC for smaller contingencies, or become the JTF headquarters for smaller contingencies, with appropriate joint augmentation. Controls up to six maneuver brigade combat teams in high and mid-intensity combat operations, but may control more maneuver brigade combat teams in protracted stability operations UEy (theater operational land force and joint support). Army theater-level headquarters for each Regional Combatant Commander. Consolidates most of the functions performed by corps and Army Service Component Command into a single operational echelon For major combat operations or theater war, can provide the joint force land component commander (JFLCC) and headquarters Sustainment Surveillance Maneuver Enhancement SOF Spec Op Forces Multi- national Multi-national Joint/Other Service Assets Joint/Other Assets Tailored Land Forces for Regional Combatant Commanders 161645JAN05

11 We are Converting the Army Now
Today Decision Point for 5 additional brigades FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 33 AC Brigades Reorganize BCTs Total: 77-82 Combat Brigades *34 ARNG Brigades AC Brigades Build BCTs The Army is ambitiously reorganizing its war-fighting units. By increasing the number of combat brigades into more mobile, versatile units over the next three years, the Army hopes it will generate about 10 more active component brigades within its current end strength. The Army is restructuring to increase the number of maneuver brigades from the current 33 to between 43 and 48. The 3rd Infantry Division and 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) are at the leading edge of that change. The Army is also immersed in an effort to rebalance 125,000 jobs between the active and Reserve components. We are still working the number of RC conversions The targeted result is 34 fully manned National Guard brigades - about 10 armor, 23 Infantry, and one Stryker brigade. A significant increase in Army capability Sustaining Campaign Capabilities Reorganize Sustainment Army Expeditionary Packages across the AC, ARNG and USAR * ARNG acceleration under review Common organizational designs for Active and Reserve - Increasing the pool of available units and combat power 161645JAN05

12 The Soldier is the Centerpiece of All Our Units
What Isn’t Changing The Soldier is the Centerpiece of All Our Units Everything we do is designed to support the Soldier A heritage of fighting and winning our Nation’s Wars Traditions reflected in our unit’s lineage and honors As always, the soldier is the centerpiece of what we are doing. They are the face of the United States overseas. Most effective, flexible and adaptable asset we possess. Rapidly re-tasked from combat to stability operations to homeland defense. Best sensor – receives & processes information better than any technology. Everything is designed to support the soldier. GEN Schoomaker has made it clear that everything is on the table for debate – except our values. And nothing symbolizes our values better than the American Soldier. 161645JAN05 12

13 Why We are Changing the Army
Back Up Slides 161645JAN05

14 CSA Guidance (August 2003) Create a modular “brigade-based” Army that is more responsive to Regional Combatant Commanders’ needs, better employs Joint capabilities, facilitates force packaging and rapid deployment, and fights as more self-contained units in non-linear, non-contiguous battlespaces. Approach: Create modular, standing 3 and 2 star headquarters for assignment to regional combatant commanders to command and control Army, Joint, and multinational forces Create modular heavy and infantry Brigade Combat Team Units of Action designed and organized to deploy and fight on arrival as under the Joint Force Commander or a designated Army commander Create modular multifunctional Support Brigades designed and organized to deploy and fight on arrival in support of Joint or Army headquarters and/or Brigade Combat Team Units of Action Use combinations of the modular constructs defined in headquarters and brigades to create flexible, scalable forces in response to regional combatant commander needs. Brief the Regional Combatant Commanders and Army Service Component Commanders (ASCC) on work in progress … gain their insights. In SEP ‘03, shortly after becoming the Army’s Chief of Staff (CSA), GEN Schoomaker, directed the Army focus thought on several key areas. One of his “focus areas” (as they came to be called) was “Modularity.” His guidance is shown above. Task Force Modularity formed shortly thereafter, located at Ft. Monroe VA, home of the US Army’s Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC). “TF Modularity” was under the supervision of GEN Kevin Byrnes, CG TRADOC, and is chaired by Major General Robert Mixon, Deputy Director of the TRADOC Futures Center. TF Modularity has completely redesigned the Army, from the bottom-up. I also point out that this subject—Army Modularity—has been briefed to all of the combatant commanders and the services over the course of the past year, as well as to DoD leadership. Reactions have been positive and supportive. Next slide … 161645JAN05

15 Versatile and Complementary Capabilities
Heavy Bdes (Armor, Mechanized, Armored Cavalry) Light Bdes (Airborne; Air Assault; Light; Light Cavalry) Past Mission Category 2 Offensive, Defensive, and Security Missions in or near urban terrain against either regular or irregular forces When in Forced Entry or Early Entry context, premium is on C-130 transportability and wheeled mobility Premium is on infantry strength and mechanical transport Mobile protected firepower is an asset Mission Category 1 Offensive, Defensive, and Security Missions in open or mixed terrain Against either regular or irregular forces Premium on mobile protected firepower balanced with dismounted infantry Mission Category 3 Offensive and Defensive Missions in close terrain (mountains, jungle, forests) against either regular or irregular forces Premium is on infiltration by foot and air assault mobility Heavy Brigade Unit of Action Modular Stryker Brigade Infantry Brigade Unit of Action 161645JAN05

16 Projecting the Army Worldwide
Units not tied to division base. Simultaneous deployment from multiple power projection platforms. C Y Modularity establishes the conditions for an Army that is more responsive to Regional Combatant Commanders needs; It employs Joint capabilities in a better manner and enables Joint interdependence It facilitates force packaging to provide needed capabilities It allows for the rapid deployment of the Army as part of a Joint deployment-employment, and sustainment system They fight effectively as self contained units as an integral part of a Joint Force and are capable of full spectrum operations. Basing supports a campaign quality Army with joint and expeditionary capabilities. Power projection platforms provide full range of support for responsive deployment, employment and sustainment of forces. 161645JAN05

17 The Army Today COMMAND LEVEL GENERAL Third Army Army Eighth Army (2 - 5 Corps) 100,000 - 300,000 Soldiers LIEUTENANT GENERAL I Corps III Corps Corps Corps V Corps (2 - 5 Divisions) (2 - 5 Divisions) 40,000 - 100,000 Soldiers XVIII Corps MAJOR GENERAL Brigade (3 or more Battalions) Squad (2-4 Teams) Platoon (3-4 Squads) Company (3-5 Platoons) Battalion (3-5 Companies) Division (3 Maneuver Brigades) 10 Active Divisions 2 Integrated Divisions 10,000 - 18,000 Soldiers 8 ARNG Divisions COLONEL Additional Unit Types: Aviation Brigade 3,000 - 5,000 Corps Artillery Soldiers Armored Cavalry Regiment LIEUTENANT COLONEL Separate Brigade Military Intelligence Brigade Air Defense Artillery Brigade 400 - 1,000 Soldiers The Army’s current organizational structure has served well for many years with a wide variety of units designed around the principle of task organizing to achieve combined arms capabilities with joint interoperability as a secondary objective. The Army Division is the centerpiece of existing operational forces. Engineer Brigade Signal Brigade Chemical Brigade CAPTAIN Military Police Brigade Special Forces Group 60 - 200 Soldiers Ranger Regiment Special Operations Aviation Regiment LIEUTENANT Civil Affairs Brigade Corps Support Command 16 - 50 Soldiers Medical Brigade Personnel Group STAFF SERGEANT Finance Group Transportation Group Quartermaster Group 4 - 12 Soldiers Explosive Ordnance Group Psychological Operations Group 161645JAN05

18 Brigade Combat Teams X X X Heavy Brigade ~3700 Stryker Brigade ~4000
BTB SPT Brigade Troops Reconnaissance Surveillance Target Acquisition Fires Support Combined Arms X Stryker Brigade ~4000 SPT HHC Brigade Staff Active and Reserve units with the same organizational designs Brigade-sized units packaged to deploy more rapidly than Divisions Flexible groupings of modular brigades tailor capabilities to missions More units create a larger number available to rotate into operations RSTA Anti-Tank Engineer Fires Support Stryker X Infantry Brigade ~3300 BTB SPT Brigade Troops RSTA Infantry Fires Support 161645JAN05

19 Heavy Brigade Combat Team Unit of Action Design
X ~3.7K Soldiers Fires SPT BTB Brigade Troops Armed Recon Combined Arms Fires Battalion Support Battalion UA Headquarters Combat Maneuver & Recon Capabilities Fires Support - Increased Staff C2 Enhancements Deputy Commander PSYOPS/Civil Affairs Aviation & Air Defense 4 Tank Companies 4 Mechanized Companies 3 Recon Troops 1 Surveillance Troop 2 Scout Platoons 2 Mortar Platoons Joint Fires Cell 3 x Joint Tactical Air Control Tms (CA and Armed Recon Battalions) Maintenance Company HHC - Security Platoon Military Police Platoon Over 55 M1A1 Tanks Over 85 Bradley Scout & Infantry Fighting Vehicles Distribution Company 40 HMMWV with Long-Range Advanced Scout Surveillance System 16 x 155mm Howitzer (2 Batteries) Signal Company - Communications/Network Operations Support 14 X 120mm Mortar Carriers Medical Company 2 Sniper Sections Intelligence & Surveillance Capabilities Protection Target Acquisition Counterfire and Counter-Mortar Radars TUAV Platoons - Armed Recon / Fires - Company UAVs 4 Forward Support Companies (provide maintenance and other support to battalions) Chemical Recon Vehicles 12 Engineer Squads (2 Engr Companies) Various Equipment Target Acquisition Platoon Military Intel Co. Intelligence Integration & Analysis Human Intelligence Capabilities Multi-Sensor Unit Various sensor capabilities Battle Command: Networked Battle Command Enabling Systems (various systems which enhance situational & terrain awareness, transmit reports/orders, and exchange mission essential information). 161645JAN05

20 Infantry Brigade Combat Team Unit of Action Design
X ~3.3K Soldiers BTB FIRES SPT Brigade Troops RSTA Battalion Fires Battalion Support Battalion Infantry Battalions UA Headquarters Recon Capabilities Combat Maneuver Capabilities Fires Support - Increased Staff C2 Enhancements Deputy Commander Special Ops/Civil Affairs Coord. Aviation & Air Defense 2 Motorized Recon Troops 1 Dismounted Recon Troop Joint Fires Cell 3 x Joint Tactical Air Control Tms (Infantry and RSTA Battalions) 6 Infantry Companies 6 Assault Platoons (Motorized) 2 Scout Platoons 2 Mortar Platoons Maintenance Company HHC - Security Platoon Military Police Platoon Distribution Company HMMWV with Long-Range Advanced Scout Surveillance System 16 x 105mm Howitzer (2 Batteries) Medical Company Signal Company - Communications/ Network Operations Spt 2 Sniper Sections Target Acquisition Counterfire and Counter-Mortar Radars MI Company Engineer Company 6 Engineer Squads Light Equipment 4 Forward Support Companies (provide maintenance and other support to battalions) Target Acquisition Platoon TUAV Platoon Battle Command: Networked Battle Command Enabling Systems. Military Intel Co. Intelligence Integration & Analysis Human Intelligence Capabilities Multi-Sensor Plt Various sensor capabilities 161645JAN05

21 Stryker Brigade Combat Team Unit of Action Design
X ~3.9K Soldiers Headquarters Fires Battalion Support Battalion RSTA Anti-Tank Engineer O O O SPT HHC Maneuver Combat Stryker HQs Recon Capabilities Fires Combat Maneuver Capabilities Anti-Tank Engineer - Increased Staff C2 Enhancements Deputy Commander PSYOPS/Civil Affairs Aviation & Air Defense 3 Stryker RSTA Troops Surveillance Troop (UAV and Sensors) 3 Chemical Recon Vehicles 53 Recon & Fires Vehicles with Long Range Advanced Scout Surveillance System Mortar Platoon 6 X 120mm Joint Fires Cell 5 x Joint Tactical Air Control Parties (Infantry, Recon Battalions and Brigades) 9 ICV Companies 9 MGS Platoons 9 Mortar Sections 3 Scout Platoons Over 127 Infantry Carrier Vehicles 9 Stryker Anti-Tank vehicles 9 Engineer Squads 3 Mobility Squads w/ Various Equipment HHC - Military Police C2 Cell 18 x 155mm Howitzer (3 Batteries) 30 X 120mm Mortar Carriers 27 X Mobile Gun System 3 Sniper Sections Signal Company - Communications/ Network Operations Spt Intelligence & Surveillance Capabilities Target Acquisition Support Distribution Company Counterfire and Counter-Mortar Radars Battle Command: Networked Battle Command Enabling Systems. Military Intel Co. Intelligence Integration & Analysis Human Intelligence Capabilities UAV Platoon Recon Battalion Target Acquisition Platoon Multi-Sensor Unit Various sensor capabilities Medical Company Maintenance Company 161645JAN05

22 Map of Functions to Organizations Support Units of Action
C2 (UEX HQ) Maneuver and Aviation Bde Fires Bde Battlefield Surveillance Bde Maneuver Enhancement Bde Sustainment Bde Support Units of Action We therefore chose to organize our units around these basic functions, those in the current Universal Joint Task List. The command and control is the unit headquarters itself. It has ground maneuver (light and heavy) and aviation as the maneuver elements, a fires brigade, a Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target Acquisition brigade, a protection brigade and a sustainment brigade. 161645JAN05

23 Mapping Organizations to Roles and Missions Based on Functions
C2 (UEx HQ) Maneuver and Aviation Bde Fires Bde BFS Bde ME Bde Sustainment Bde Support Brigades support UE, joint, Service, functional and multinational HQs by planning, preparing, executing and assessing functions: Aviation Bde: Aviation and combined arms operations to find, fix, and destroy enemy forces and sustain combat power. Fires Bde: Close support and precision strike employing Joint and organic fires and capabilities to achieve distributive effects. Battlefield Surveillance Bde: Reconnaissance, surveillance, target acquisition and intelligence operations to build the common operational picture in order to focus joint combat power and effects. Maneuver Enhancement Bde: Protection for the supported HQ - executing limited offensive, defensive, and stability missions to prevent or mitigate the effects of hostile actions or environments to preserve freedom of action. Sustainment Bde: Plan, coordinate, synchronize, monitor, and control sustainment within assigned Area of Operations. Conduct Host Nation Support (HNS) and contracting. Provide support to joint, interagency, and multinational agencies on order. These are the basic functions that each brigade executes for the UEx commander. 161645JAN05

24 Support Brigades Common Characteristics
Completely tailorable/scaleable - flexible task organization based on METT-TC Modular - subordinates can plug in and out of Support Brigade Headquarters easily Networked - with connectivity and LNO package to work directly for any UE, joint, Service or functional HQ (MARFOR, JFACC) as well as multinational HQ (NATO Rapid Reaction Force HQ, etc) Inherently joint – uses, and contributes to, other Service capabilities (network connectivity, ISR, fires, lift, etc) Agile - can reinforce other brigades with subordinate capabilities Multifunctional - each headquarters employs multiple branch capabilities to accomplish a broad, ongoing, function As we began to build these brigades, we also provided guidelines similar to those we used for the UEx. Each UA is to be tailorable based on METT-TC. Even those with most or all of their subordinate units organic, such and the ground maneuver and aviation brigades, can be tailored for specific missions. Second, the brigades themselves have to be modular so that they can plug into or out of any headquarters easily and effectively. They each have the network connectivity and LNO capability to work not only for UE headquarters (both UEx and UEy), but also for another Service, another functional headquarters, or a multinational headquarters. They are inherently joint in that they can access and use appropriate joint enablers to accomplish their functions, and they can in turn contribute to the joint capability. For example, the RSTA brigade will access and use joint intelligence to help it cue its own assets, and will feed the information it develops about the enemy into the joint force commanders intelligence picture. Finally, and this is critical, UAs will have capabilities that can be used by the UEx commander to task organize other UAs assigned to the UEx. For example, the fires UA will have artillery that can reinforce a maneuver UAs DS artillery, or be given a DS mission to the Aviation UA for deep attack missions. Similarly, the mission enhancement UA can reinforce or provide basic capability for air defense for a fires brigade, provide additional engineer capabilities to any other UA, or provide NBC decontamination to UAs. And finally, each UA is multifunctional in that is brings together the capabilities of several branches and/or joint capabilities to provide the UE commander with a fully capable, functionally based organization. We’ll now look at each support UA in turn. We will not discuss the ground maneuver UAs as you have already approved them. 161645JAN05

25 Standard Bde Design – However, aircraft vary by type of bde
Aviation Brigade Mission: Plan, prepare, execute and assess aviation and combined arms operations to support UEx and maneuver brigade scheme of maneuver to find, fix, and destroy enemy forces at the decisive time and place. X MF Total Brigade Personnel numbers vary by type of Brigade, but range from Organic Typically Assigned I ASB II II II II U Key Qualities As indicated in the Objective Force Operational Concept, Tactical UE Aviation assets with Operational UE Aviation in support, protect maneuver elements and provide multi-dimensional aviation support, including sufficient organic capability to conduct battalion-sized vertical maneuver and sustainment. The Aviation Brigade is expansible and able to be tailored to the mission by acceptance of various numbers and types of aviation units. Aviation Bdes are organized multi-functionally with RSTA, Attack, Lift, General Support and Aviation Support Battalions at the UEx echelon. While the Aviation BCTs are more functionally aligned with maneuver support ,and maneuver sustainment aviation battalions at the UEy echelon. Aviation Bdes may accept other branch enablers and BCTs when required by METT-TC. It is also designed to set the conditions for success of the BCT. It has the functionality to fully integrate into all operations of the BCT Air-Ground Team as well as operate in the battlespace of the UEx not occupied by the BCT. The Aviation Bde is modular, scalable, and tailorable within itself and can Task Organize to meet the required mission sets involved in Reconnaissance, Security, Air Assault, Close Combat with Ground Forces, Mobile Strike, and Maneuver Sustainment Support. HHC CL IV ATK ASLT GS AH – 48 UH – 38 CH – 12 HH – 12 HVY OH – 30 AH – 24 UH – 38 CH – 12 HH – 12 MED OH – 60 UH – 38 CH – 12 HH – 12 LT Standard Bde Design – However, aircraft vary by type of bde

26 Fires Brigade Mission: Plan, prepare, execute and assess combined arms operations to provide close support and precision strike for Joint Force Commander, Units of Employment, Brigade Combat Teams and Support Brigades employing Joint and organic fires and capabilities.   X ** *** Organic Assigned Mission: Plan, prepare, execute and assess combined arms operations to provide close support and precision strike for JFC, UE, maneuver UAs and support UAs employing Joint and organic fires and capabilities. I I II BSB I TAB II HHB IO Cannon Rocket/Missile Rocket/Missile Cannon * MLRS HIMAR Capabilities: Enables integrated employment of Army and joint surface-to-surface, air-to-surface, subsurface-to-surface, lethal and non-lethal fires, coupled with A2C2, and ground maneuver. Conducts close support, counterfire and precision strike using joint and multinational capabilities to destroy, fix or isolate enemy capabilities or forces Conducts combat assessment of strike operations. The fires brigade provides the UEx commander with precision strike capabilities that can control both Army and joint fires throughout the depth of the UE area of operations. It has organic target acquisition capabilities and will be tied closely to the RSTA brigade for additional target acquisition capabilities. It will execute both lethal and non-lethal fires for the commander and we plan to build an attack UAV capability into it as soon as possible. ATK * Organic MLRS ** Organic HIMARS

27 Maneuver Enhancement Brigade
Mission: Enables and enhances the full dimensional protection and freedom of maneuver of a supported Army, joint or multinational headquarters by shaping, leveraging or mitigating the effects of the operational environment at the tactical and operational levels. It augments maneuver and support brigades with functional assets to optimize the tailored capabilities of those organizations and enhance force application, protection, and focused logistics across multiple areas of operation and can provide a headquarters to command and control an assigned area of operations including maneuver forces. X 83 / 12 / 340 / 435 Capabilities: Provides NBC, AMD, MP, and construction engineer capabilities to the UEx, JFC, or MN force commander. Executes area security, rear area and base security, and JRAC functions. Establishes linkage to the emerging Protection Joint Functional Concept Fuses the elements of protection Limits stove pipe approach revealing seams in protection Organic Assigned Attached or OPCON I I II HHC BSB E MP EOD CA MAN

28 Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
Mission: Conducts Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Intelligence operations to enable the UEx, JTF, or Joint Force Commander to focus joint combat power and effects with precision to simultaneously support current and future operations throughout the Area of Operation. X 89 / 31 / 877 / 997 Organic Attached or OPCON Theater-focused – Cultural understanding/target smart Multi-Disciplined - SIGINT, HUMINT, IMINT, MASINT, Surveillance & Reconnaissance Plans, directs and executes ISR operations across the full spectrum of conflict Joint Enabled - access, visibility, control (via DCGS-A) Plans and executes the R&S Plan for the UEx Commander Targets/covers the space not assigned to another subordinate UAs Enables Situational Understanding Capable of augmenting BUA ISR capabilities and augmenting/supporting UEx SUAs (ie Strike, Avn, etc.). Capable of receiving and employing Joint/UEy/UEx ISR capabilities Organic, persistent surveillance in some domains (UAV, Prophet, LRSD) Joint Links Trojan Spirits (5) – DCP1; DCP2; R&S TOC; Tech Collection Co (2); UAV Co (Avn UA) TES FWD (1) – in theater downlink to Nat’l Tech Means DTES(2) – DCP1 & DCP2 2X (HUMINT) – C&E Co SOF (when augmented) II INTEL II BTB I II SOF UAV R A Hunter I I I I HHC SPT LRSD

29 Sustainment Brigade Mission: Plan, coordinate, synchronize, monitor, and control sustainment within assigned Area of Operations. Conduct Host Nation Support (HNS) and contracting. Provide support to joint, interagency, and multinational agencies on order. X SUST 95 / 21 / 371 / 487 Organic Assigned Attached 1 Senior logistics commander in the UEx. Joint capability extends to visibility and management of the flow of logistics into the UEx using Distribution Management Center (DMC merges MMC and MCB functions) with BCS3 (Logistics Common Operational Picture). BCS3 is an automated system merging ILAP, JDLM and GTN functions. Provides support to other services for common logistics. Examples include: rations; fuel; common ammo [small arms]; common Cl IX [HUMMV]; medical supplies; etc. Scaleable to support from 1 to 10 UAs. 2 - All supplies are pushed to the Bde level Passback or Augmentation based on METT-TC. Sustainment Level Maint includes DSESTS (spts M1A2), Tire Repair, Battery Charging and F&E. 3 -SUA Spt Bns can be organized with any combination of subordinates from the force pool. [eg: could have a pure distribution battalion.] Medical force designed to meet all early entry medical needs. Additional augmentation is METT-TC. Personnel and Finance Battalions are modular and scalable; based on 31k projected population. PLS=Palletized Load System EEH=Early Entry Hospital CSC=Cbt Stress Co PM=Preventive Medicine AMSD=Area Spt Med Detachment TELE=Telemedicine PER=Personnel PST= Postal FIN=Finance 4 - Designed as a multi-functional headquarters: C2 Headquarters with functional DMC to manage stocks and flow of logistics in the UEx Subordinate assets drawn from force pool (no fixed subordinate structure) Host Nation Support (HNS) initiated within Plans section of DMC, coordinated wit h appropriate DMC management section, and executed with the assistance of the S5 and the Contracting section as appropriate. UMT= Unit Ministry Team CSSAMO=Combat Svc Spt Automation Mgmt Office (performs STAMIS Hardware maint and connectivity) LOGCAP= Logistics Civil Augmentation Program . X II BTB II SPT MED I I I HHC SPT MED FIN HR AMMO TRANS MAINT S&S

30 UEx Menu Brigade Combat Teams for maneuver and close combat
Main TAC 1 TAC 2 MCG A self-contained, modular headquarters X Infantry X X Stryker X FCS Heavy Future Brigade Combat Teams for maneuver and close combat X X X Aviation X Fires X SUST Sustainment Maneuver Enhancement Battlefield Surveillance Supporting brigades extend depth and duration of land operations 161645JAN05

31 UEx What’s Different ? Current Divisions XX XX UEX

32 Unit of Employment X Principles
Army Forces (ARFOR) headquarters for operational tasks Employs land forces as part of a Joint, Interagency, Multinational force Executes offensive, defensive, and stability operations in an Area of Operations or Joint Operations Area Conducts decisive, shaping, and sustaining operations through mission command Sequences, supports, and reinforces subordinate brigades Has full Joint connectivity with robust liaison capability for joint and multinational operations Can serve as a Joint Task Force (JTF) Headquarters with augmentation Can serve as the Joint Force Land Component Commander (JFLCC) with augmentation Provides mission execution 24 / 7 / 365 Capable of rapid deployment with early entry command post capability Will have training and readiness responsibilities for both Brigade Combat Teams and Support Brigades 161645JAN05

33 UEX Command Posts MAIN TAC1 TAC2 Planning and Analysis
Mobile Command Group Planning and Analysis Tactical Control of brigades & and operations Tactical Control of brigades & and operations Battle Command on the move Options for Employment Cycle between operations; one TAC plans, one executes Control separated operations Control different types of operations occurring simultaneously (example offense and stability) Combine tactical command posts and Main command post into single headquarters Task organize command posts and rotate to the operational area The UEx is organized for operations around four command posts, as shown here. The main command posts is the primary location for planning and analysis. The two tactical command posts exercise control execution of the operation, or parts of it, while the commander enjoys full battle command on the move capabilities in the mobile command group. The arrangement of command and control in the UEx allows the commander to employ command posts in several configurations, as shown in the blue box. 161645JAN05

34 Basic Design Approved 27 Sep 04 by CSA
Unit of Employment X UEX 210/40/ 210 Officers 40 Warrant Officers 703 Enlisted 953 Total Soldiers Special Troops Battalion 30/5/ Tactical Command Posts 73/13/96/182 Headquarters 107/22/176/305 Unlike current division level staffs, organic to the UEx HQ are all of the staff required to perform its functions without external augmentation. Additionally, the UEx has included its own life support, security, and signal elements to permit rapid task organization and deployment. HHC 12/1/ Network Spt Co 13/4/ Security Co 5/0/ CMD GRP 6/0/7 13 Mobile Cmd Grp 0/0/4 4 MAIN CP 93/22/ CMD LNO 8/0/0 8 TAC CP 1 38/7/50 95 TAC CP 2 35/6/46 87 Basic Design Approved 27 Sep 04 by CSA 161645JAN05

35 Unit of Employment Y Principles
Army Service Component Commander (ASCC) for their respective Regional Combatant Commander (RCC) Provides Army support to Joint, other Service, Multinational and Interagency elements. Executes most Administrative Control responsibilities Can serve as a Joint Task Force (JTF) Headquarters with augmentation Can serve as the Joint Force Land Component Commander for major combat operations where the RCC is the Joint Force Commander (JFC) Tailored to the Regional Combatant Commander’s Area of Responsibility Has full Joint connectivity w/robust liaison capability for joint and multinational operations Provides mission execution 24 / 7 / 365 161645JAN05

36 Army Support to Other Services
UEy Three Star Operational HQ Typical Duties (Not all inclusive, representative only) C/JFLCC Service Component (ASCC) Assess the Threat & Theater Conditions Set the Theater (Ex: Log, C4ISR, Protection, Enablers…) Build/Prepare The Ground Campaign Plan Receive and Prepare Forces (CJRSOI) Fight the Ground Forces Transition to Post-Major Combat Operations Theater Security Cooperation Joint/Coalition Training & Exercises Deliberate Contingency Planning Advise RCC on any Army/Land issues Nominate Army Force Capabilities Program & Budget Requests/Execution Tracking Army Support to Other Services Administrative Control (ADCON) Theater Sustainment to Land Forces Surface Distribution Conventional Ammo Mgt Food Safety Service Medical Logistics Mgt/ Blood Program Overland Petroleum Mgt Water Joint Communications Theater Signal Architecture Common User Logistics Vet Support Mortuary Affairs Troop Construction EPW/Detainee Ops Ocean Terminal Ops Intermodal Container Mgt Postal Services DOD Customs Inspection This slide provides examples of each of the typical duties the UEy must fulfill while performing in each of the identified roles. As a C/JFLCC the Operational HQ commander is responsible to the COCOM for making recommendations on the proper employment of assigned or attached land forces. This includes planning and coordinating land operations as well as accomplishing assigned operational missions. As the Army Service Component Commander the Operational HQ answers to both the COCOM and HQDA. The ASCC’s responsibilities include Theater Security Cooperation, Joint/Coalition Training & Exercises, Contingency Planning, Nomination of Army Force Capabilities, and Budget management As the ASCC, the Operational HQ performs ASOS for forces within the AOR. Typical support missions are listed here. In providing ASOS the Operational HQ answers to both the COCOM and HQDA. The Operational HQ also performs Administrative Control (ADCON) of ALL Army forces in the AOR. In performing this role, the Operational HQ works for HQDA. Typical ADCON responsibilities include Task Organization of subordinate units, personnel administration to include GCM authority, Management of In-Theater Training, Theater Maintenance Programs, Coordination of External Support, Sustainment, and management of Construction and Real Property issues Task Organization (Organize) PERS Admin/GCM Authority/MWR (Man) In-Theater Training (Train) Theater Maint Programs/Coordination of External Support (Maintain) Sustainment/Distribution (Supply) Construction/Real Property 161645JAN05

37 UEy Functions and Relationships
COCOM UEy Functions and Relationships Operational Tasks: Assess the Threat & Theater Conditions Set the Theater (Ex: Log, C4ISR, Protection, Enablers…) Build/Prepare The Ground Campaign Plan Receive and Prepare Forces (CJRSOI) Fight the Ground Forces Transition to Post-Major Combat Operations ARFOR ASCC C/JFLCC ADCON This slide builds on guidance we received from the CSA during our 20 SEP update. It depicts the typical roles and duties of the Operational headquarters as well as the organization the HQ performs those functions for. As a Coalition or Joint Forces Land Component Command, the Operational HQ plans and coordinates land operations to accomplish operational missions. As the JFLCC, the Operational HQ works for the Combatant Commander. The Operational HQ performing as an ARFOR represents the senior Army headquarters and all Army forces assigned or attached to a combatant command or subordinate joint or multinational command. As the ARFOR, the Operational HQ answers to the Combatant Commander. The Operational HQ can also function as the Army Service Component Command. The ASCC consists of all Service forces, including the support forces that have been assigned to the combatant command or further assigned to a subordinate unified command or JTF. As the ASCC, the Operational HQ answers to both the RCC and the Department of the Army. The Operational HQ provides ADCON over Army forces within the AOR. It provides direction or exercises authority over subordinate or other organizations in respect to administration and support, including organization of Service forces, control of resources and equipment, personnel management, and other matters not included in the operational missions of those organizations. The Operational HQ answers to the Department of the Army while fulfilling these responsibilities. Typical Duties: Task Organization (Organize) PERS Admin/GCM Authority/MWR (Man) In-Theater Training (Train) Theater Maint Programs/Coord External Support (Maintain) Sustainment/Distribution (Supply) Construction/Real Property HQDA 161645JAN05

38 Three Star Operational Headquarters UEy General
XXX Regionally focused Command and Control Headquarters Operational HQ Dedicated set of assigned, attached or OPCON regionally focused units Theater INTEL Capability* Theater Sustainment Capability* Theater Network Capability* Theater Civil Affairs/CMO Capability* *Unit size/capability tailored to specific theater This slide illustrates our current design template for the UEy. Three Star Operational level HQ consists of three components – a headquarters, regionally-focused assigned units, and attached or OPCON modular forces. Bottom section is representative of units that would be attached or OPCON to the UEy from the pool of available forces. These forces might be multifunctional tactical brigades that can be assigned to either a Division level HQ or a Three Star Operational level HQ , or they might be single function units that support theater-wide operational requirements. The menu of available units consist of forces that are not regionally focused, and may be stationed in CONUS or even in another theater outside the AOR. The Headquarters is functionally organized along joint operational lines. Not shown on the chart, but are important capabilities of the headquarters are an early entry command post and follow-on deployable command and control. In the center of the chart, you can see that each Three Star Operational level HQ will have an assigned Sustainment, Network, Intelligence, and a Civil Affairs headquarters sized specifically to the particular theater. These units are regionally focused, and would probably include specialized capabilities (such as language) unique to that region. Many of the below units are major subordinate commands reporting directly to the UEy such as AAMDC, MEDCOM, and ENCOM – but are not regionally focused Representative Menu of available units assigned or attached based on METT-TC UEX MEDICAL Aviation MP USMC MN AMD Engineer IO ME CHEM 161645JAN05 (next page)

39 UEy Functional Design as of 9 Nov 2004
608/64/443/1115 CMD GRP 20/0/15=35 CHAPLAIN 6/0/7=13 SURGEON 22/0/6=28 SJA 16/1/9=26 PAO 6/0/9/15 IG 9/0/13=22 SAFETY 2/3/0=5 INT REV 2/0/0=2 INTEL 28/14/26=68 MANEUVER 168/6/59=233 FIRES / FX 47/7/30=84 PROTECTION 35/2/23=60 C4I 35/10/68=113 SUSTAINMENT 189/20/106=315 LNO TMs 10/0/0=10 Special Staff Sections STB 13/1/72=86 Aggregate of Main Command Post and Operational Command Post 161645JAN05

40 On the Path to Modular Army
Army After Next 1999 Integrated Concept Team Formed Seminar Wargame XIII Coordination Nov 03 to Mar 04 Continue 3ID/OIF Lessons Learned Review Grey Beard / Senior Panel Reviews COCOM / Service / ASCC Briefings Jan 03 Task Force Modularity Subsumes Operational HQ Integrated Concept Team Jun 03 Sep 03 CSA direction -- “agree… drive on” Selected COAs approved for analysis 3ID effort and TF MOD to continue parallel Oct ‘03 Oct 03 Concept & Design Development Implementation – Feasibility Jan 04 to Present “Critics” Review –Jan 04 & Apr 04 Continued Integration Process with HQDA G-3 Modeling Operational HQ and Support Brigades 7 Nov 03 Unified Quest 04 Examines Modular Army Operational HQ Review with CSA Southwest Asia and Northeast Asia Operational Assessments 2-10 May 04 3ID Conversion 16 May 04 19 Mar Chief of Staff, Army (CSA) approves Division Level HQ prototype & Support Brigade Designs 12 May CSA reviews Operational HQ design 15 Jun CSA approves modified theater structure for Army Service Component Command (ASCC) Design 19 Jun ASCC update to CSA (Base plate) 30 Aug CSA ASCC update & Division Level HQ closeout 27 Sep CSA ASCC/Subordinate Commands design decision General Officer Design Conference 25 May 04 Redesigned the Army’s entire operation force over the past year using the conceptual and analytical underpinnings that go back over two years. Represents a considerable body of work involving a broad community of stakeholders. Have involved Critics Greybeards Joint Forces Command Army Service Component Commands Other Services Joint exercises (UQ 03/04) Visits/briefings to Combatant Command, Army Service Component Commands, and the Services Senior GO review in May Modeling and simulation in a variety of scenarios (both Major Combat Operations and Stability and Support Operations) Workshops w/ASCCs, and “murder boards” of designs Senior mentor reviews, most notably LTG McKiernan Participation by COCOM staffs in our modeling & simulation Jul-Aug 04 Army Service Component Cdrs’ Workshops 2-13 Aug 04 10th & 101st Conversion 16 Sep 04 20 Oct 04 29 Oct 04 21 Oct 04 MSFA Rqmts COC Caspian Sea American Operational Assessments MSFA Requirements Phase: Jan – Sep 04 SECARMY and CSA Review Joint Qualities JFCOM and TRADOC Tiger Team Formed

41 Continuing on the Path to a Modular Army
FCS equipped Unit of Action 2014 Ongoing Refinement DARTS Initial Insights Memos Force Feasibility Reviews Force Design Updates TAA Processes & 10-15/ MSFA TRAC Analysis ACP/ Lessons Learned/Insights CTC Rotations – BCTP/NTC/JRTC/CMTC DOTMLPF D = Refine & publish Doctrine O = Refine Designs/ Structure T = Collect Indiv & Collect Tng Rqmnts M = Distribute Materiel equitably L = Implement Leader Lessons P = Refine Personnel system to support Requirements F = Build infrastructure for units FY 2010 AC “complete” 2007; NG 2010 but acceleration under review CONTINUED Implementation Unit Conversions Force Structure Decisions Integrate Lessons Learned Continue Analytics Conversions 05 & 06 4ID Conversion 16 Dec 04 UE ICT Final UEy Review – Hand over design for Documentation 10th Conversion 4th Bde 16 Sep 05 Jan – Feb 05 UE ICT – UEy & Subordinates 6-10 Dec 04 UEy HQ Structure UEy Theater Cmd Structure 2-5 Nov 04 Nov 04 1 Nov 04 1 Dec 04 15 Nov 04 Army Review Council 4 Nov 04 MSFA Requirements GOSC SPT Bde Structure Mod Update to 4ID Initiate JFCOM / TRADOC Tiger Team

Download ppt "Modular Forces Overview"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google