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Defence Intelligence and Security Service. "...Using this public source openly and without resorting to illegal means, it is possible to gather at least.

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Presentation on theme: "Defence Intelligence and Security Service. "...Using this public source openly and without resorting to illegal means, it is possible to gather at least."— Presentation transcript:

1 Defence Intelligence and Security Service

2 "...Using this public source openly and without resorting to illegal means, it is possible to gather at least 80% of information about the enemy... Al Qa'ida : Defense studies in the Jihad against the tyrants, p.75 Sharing information from a Dutch perspective Arno H.P. Reuser (mindef@xs4all.nl mindef2@xs4all.nl) Old world : information is power, guard it safely New world : information is enlightment, share it freely

3 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 3 Historical perspective 13th century: English monks compile a central catalogue 15th century: Johannes Gutenberg 'invents' printing growth of book presses in the Low Countries censorship by authorities 16th century: bibliographies National bibliographies Of books to come / in print Of books that never came Index Librorum Prohibitorum (1515-1966) 16th century: Konrad Gessner (last Universal Scientist) 1545: Bibliotheca Universalis sive Cat…

4 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 4 Historical perspective 2 17th - 18th century Books > journals > reports > documentation 19th century: national libraries 20th century: commercial online services Internet Today: home pages portals blogs RSS syndicated news feeds Bodleian library, Oxford, U.K.

5 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 5 Have people forgotten about what's already there? Commercial vendorsCommercial vendors Dialog, EINS, Factiva, Lexis-Nexis Databases :Databases : EIU, NTIS, DTIC, Medline, Chemical Abstracts Public recordsPublic records Verticals:Verticals: BBC Monitoring, OSC, Oxford Analytica, Periscope, Jane's National libraries and systemsNational libraries and systems Union catalogues, national bibliographies Indexes:Indexes: Patent indexes, citation indexes An example of OSINT 'analysis'

6 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 6 Example analysis OSINT as starting point of analysis: How to find out if Iran is producing chemical weapons: use results from one source as input for the next source: 1) Which types/kinds/names of pesticides are there? (source: Beilstein facts, Derwent chemistry resource, Gardner's) 2) How much of these materials were exported to Iran? (source: Piers Import & Export) 3) How much farming land does Iran have? (source: CIA World Fact Book, LOC country profiles, EIU, etc.) 4) On average, how much pesticide is needed per hectare arable land. arable land. (source: 'pesticide usage statistics' http://pusstats.csl.gov.uk ) 5) Answer: 2 - ( 4 * 3 )

7 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 7 Terror in The Netherlands Other incidents: Hofstadgroep Hofstadgroep Abu Khaled (spiritual leader) Abu Khaled (spiritual leader) Samir Azzouz (schiphol, nuclear reactor, Ministry of Defence) Samir Azzouz (schiphol, nuclear reactor, Ministry of Defence) Mohammed Bouyeri (murder Theo van Gogh), life sentence Mohammed Bouyeri (murder Theo van Gogh), life sentence Politically motivated murders: Prince William of Orange (10 july 1584) Prince William of Orange (10 july 1584) Pim Fortuyn (politician) (6 may 2002) Pim Fortuyn (politician) (6 may 2002) Theo van Gogh (filmdirector) (2 november 2004) Theo van Gogh (filmdirector) (2 november 2004)

8 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 8 Intell services in The Netherlands NCTb Nationaal Coordinator Terrorisme bestrijding National Coordinator for Counterterrorism MIVD Militaire Inlichtingen en Veiligheidsdienst Defense Intelligence and Security Service AIVD Algemene Inlichtingen en Veiligheidsdienst General Intelligence and Security Service KLPD Korps Landelijke Politiediensten National Police Services Agency

9 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 9 Information sharing examples Defense intelligence & Security Service (DISS) Book about the activitiesBook about the activities Bimonthly journal "Ingelicht" (= informed)Bimonthly journal "Ingelicht" (= informed) Brochures, leafletsBrochures, leaflets Law on intelLaw on intel Two annual reports: one open source, one classifiedTwo annual reports: one open source, one classified Works in teams instead of departmentsWorks in teams instead of departments With the General Intelligence & Security Service (GISS) Formal agreement on cooperationFormal agreement on cooperation CT infoboxCT infobox OSINT OSINTOSINT OSINT With NCTb Formal agreement on cooperationFormal agreement on cooperation

10 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 10 With the Benelux Memorandum of Understanding Cooperate and share on OSINT, IMINT, Training With Europe Tampere Summit, October 1999 formal decision to increase judicial cooperation between Member States in order to fight crime, including terrorism Plan of Action (21 september 2001) defines terrorist offences, approximates the level of santions between Member States. Declaration of Solidarity 25 march 2004. a terrorist attack against one state is considered an attack against all. the nation under attack is entitles to all manner of military and other assistance.

11 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 11 Appointment of 'Mister Terrorism' Gijs de Vries, 25 march 2004 to coordinate EU action on terrorism European arrest warrant agreed june 2002, in to force 1 jan 2004 to replace present extradition procedures for serious crimes European Intelligence Service Ideas to boost intelligence sharing Austria Belgium asking for a European CIA France and UK reluctant to share with 25 Member States Fr suggests deeper intel sharing between 5 larger Member States (UK, FR, IT, Ge, Sp)

12 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 12 An Open Source Agency? Who should be leading: Current intelligence services? Fusion Partnership New intel service for OSINT only Comercial online services? Dialog, Lexis-Nexis, Factiva etc. Do-it-yourself? Just give all analysts access to the Internet and Google, no need for an OSA, problem solved. People want their own information services on the desktop. "…everything is free, everything is on the Internet, and everything is full-text" "…If it is listed on Google, then some has checked it out already" (Information World Review, oct 2005)

13 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 13 1 - Internet is NOT: international interNOT

14 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 14 Print :books, newspapers, office docs., journals, newsletters film :photographs, cinema, TV films, TV series, X-rays, video magnetic :videotape, audiotape,digital tape, miniDV, floppy disc, Zip optical :audio CD, CDROM,DVD InterNET is NOT How much information 2003? Peter Lyman, Hal R. Varian University of California at Berkeley, 27 Octobre 2003 http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/research/projects/how-much-info-2003 Email is much more important than W3 Books are off Books are off 1 - Internet is NOT: international 2 - Internet is NOT: gigantic large

15 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 15 1 - Internet is NOT: international 2 - Internet is NOT: gigantic large 3 - Internet is NOT: equal to vendors Does size matter? Google- 8 bn Yahoo- 4 bn Lexis-Nexis- 4.3 bn Factiva- 275 mn / 3mn monthly grow Dialog- ? Not to mention things like: search language, structured searching, support

16 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 16 1 - Internet is NOT: international 2 - Internet is NOT: gigantic large 3 - Internet is NOT: equal to vendors 4 - Internet is NOT: easy to use A typical Google query: intitle:(india|new delhi) intitle:pakistan filetype:pdf -inurl:.com -sport

17 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 17 Http://missingpieces.dogpile.com 1 - Internet is NOT: international 2 - Internet is NOT: gigantic large 3 - Internet is NOT: equal to vendors 4 - Internet is NOT: easy to use 5 - Internet is NOT: just Google

18 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 18 Manipulation 1 - Internet is NOT: international 2 - Internet is NOT: gigantic large 3 - Internet is NOT: equal to vendors 4 - Internet is NOT: easy to use 5 - Internet is NOT: just Google 6 - Internet is NOT: free of manipulation 1 - Internet is NOT: international 2 - Internet is NOT: gigantic large 3 - Internet is NOT: equal to vendors 4 - Internet is NOT: easy to use 5 - Internet is NOT: just Google 6 - Internet is NOT: free of manipulation

19 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 19 An independent Open Source Agency Tasking an independent Open Source Agency: Training Education of OSINT experts Tools Development of dedicated easy to use tools for info exploration/exploitation Discussion forum Classified forum for info exchange, info sharing, question answering, networking. Research / coordinating Into indexing information, application of meta data, taxonomies, retrieval engines, concept searching, clustering technologies. Resource discovery Regular publicing reviews on (new) sources Contracts. Sources intermediairy

20 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 20 OSINT experts Searching in Dialog ? b 390,399(1) ? s pesticides/na(2) ? map sy t s1(3) ? save temp(4) ? b 571(5) ? exs(6) ? sort s1/all/cn,lb,co(7) ? report s2/all/cn,lb,co(8)

21 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 21 OSINT experts DIALOG(R)File 571 :Piers Exports(US Ports) (c) 2005 Commonwealth Bus. Media All rts. reserv. Country of Non-U.S. Weight Date Port (Pounds) U.S.-based Company Shipped ---------- -------- ----------------------------- ------- ARGENT 5,388 BAYER 031214 ARGENT 7,771 NA 041226 ARGENT 8,049 E I DUPONT DE NEMOURS 040527 ARGENT 9,720 BAYER 040718 ARGENT 11,661 NA 050407 ARGENT 15,878 NA 041126 ARGENT 17,641 NA 041111 ARGENT 17,642 NA 050506 ARGENT 17,648 BAYER 040509 ARGENT 20,873 NA 050216 ARGENT 31,178 BAYER 031214 ARGENT 31,755 NA 041211 ARGENT 31,812 KEY INTL SHPG 040526 ARGENT 33,690 KEY INTL SHPG 050409 ARGENT 34,593 KEY INTL SHPG 050109

22 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 22 Indexing information

23 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 23 People have different viewpoints on subjects making it hard to find a universal arrangement principle or keywords by which to order data or books or digital information. Books on rabbits. What is the correct heading/keyword? Indexing information A farmer will look under V for Vermin A girlwill look under P for Pets A butcher will look under M for Meat products A researcher will look under L for Laboratory animal A fashion designer will look under F for Fur

24 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 24 Tools Volume in drive D is Data Volume Serial Number is C0C2-4AE6 Directory of D:\osint\OsintDat\persbureaus\foreign broadcast information service\compleet\_recent\2006\01\11 12-01-2006 18:12. 12-01-2006 18:12.. 11-01-2006 12:06 5.835 AFP20060111011001-v1.html 11-01-2006 09:43 4.823 AFP20060111516001-v1.html 11-01-2006 12:06 13.365 AFP20060111516002-v1.html 11-01-2006 13:53 10.675 AFP20060111516003-v1.html 11-01-2006 13:53 9.984 AFP20060111521001-v1.html 11-01-2006 13:53 6.598 AFP20060111525001-v1.html 11-01-2006 12:06 5.127 AFP20060111528002-v1.html 11-01-2006 09:43 4.140 AFP20060111601001-v1.html 11-01-2006 09:43 3.959 AFP20060111601002-v1.html 11-01-2006 09:43 4.053 AFP20060111601003-v1.html 11-01-2006 13:53 7.091 AFP20060111606001-v1.html 11-01-2006 13:53 4.423 AFP20060111606002-v1.html 11-01-2006 13:53 4.621 AFP20060111606003-v1.html 11-01-2006 12:06 5.266 AFP20060111609001-v1.html 11-01-2006 13:53 4.090 AFP20060111610001-v1.html

25 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 25

26 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 26

27 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 27 Meta data Benin: Resignation of Defense Minister Reported

28 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 28 Meta data Problem (or challenge?) Each information service provider uses its own scheme Need different query for each provider Information service query Dublin Core meta data Dublin Core meta data Dublin Core meta data Dublin Core meta data One query for all

29 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 29 Done! Remarks? Comments? Questions? Additions?

30 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 30 x

31 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 31 counter Dutch Data Protection Authority "…supervises the fair and lawful use and security of your personal data to ensure your privacy today and in the future" Personal Data Protection Act "Wet bescherming persoonsgegevens" International campaign againt mass surveillance (ICAMS) Political parties D'66 (left-wing democrats) "High quality intelligence are the most effective method against terrorism" "When in doubt, rather safe than sorry"

32 Defence Intelligence and Security Service Arno H.P. Reuser a@reuser.biz 32 Eurojust established in 2002 stimulates and improves the co-ordination of investigations and prosecutions improves co-operation by facilitating the execution of international mutual legal assistance and the implementation of extradition requests. Europol European Union law enforcement organisation handles criminal intelligence; to assist the law enforcement authorities of Member States in their fight against serious forms of organised crime


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