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Commander-in-Chief United States Pacific Command JV2010 Initiative Virtual Information Center (VIC) J-08.

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Presentation on theme: "Commander-in-Chief United States Pacific Command JV2010 Initiative Virtual Information Center (VIC) J-08."— Presentation transcript:

1 Commander-in-Chief United States Pacific Command JV2010 Initiative Virtual Information Center (VIC) J-08

2 OUTLINE OverviewOverview Political-Military Anchor Desk (PMAD)Political-Military Anchor Desk (PMAD) Virtual Information Center (VIC)Virtual Information Center (VIC) –Development –Current Activity –Future Activity VIC R&DVIC R&D

3 OVERVIEW

4 Project In support of the Chairmans Joint Vision 2010, USCINCPAC takes the lead in developing C4ISR and Information Superiority to achieve Full Spectrum Dominance in Operations Other Than War

5 The Vision Synergistic Effect Generated by the Convergence of The Synergistic Effect Generated by the Convergence of The Four Concepts: Provides the Capability to Dominate an Opponent at Any Level of Operations Provides the Capability to Dominate an Opponent at Any Level of Operations Generates Massed Effects From Dispersed Forces Generates Massed Effects From Dispersed Forces PeacetimeEngagement Deterrence & Conflict Prevention Fight & Win Focused Logistics Full-Dimensional Protection Precision Engagement Dominant Maneuver

6 Program Rationale Testimony to the House Military Procurement and Research and Development Subcommittees on March 20, 1997 We must also understand that information superiority is not solely limited to combat environments. Other military operations, from peacekeeping to humanitarian assistance to nation-building, also depend upon available and robust information exchange. Lieutenant General Douglas D. Buchholz, USA Director for Command, Control, Communications and Computer Systems and Computer Systems The Joint Staff

7 Continuum of Operations LIKELIHOOD SSCMTW Engagement Activities Exercises Port Visits Security Assistance Civic Assistance Freedom of Navigation and Overflight Arms Control Anti-terrorism Military Support to Civil Authorities Foreign Disaster Relief Humanitarian Assistance Peacekeeping Counterdrug Ops Force Demonstration Recovery Ops Foreign Internal Defense/Support to Insurgency Protection of Shipping Enforcing Exclusion Zones Maritime Intercept Ops Peace Enforcement Counter-terrorism Noncombatant Evacuation (Hostile) Enforcing Sanctions Blockade Strikes and Raids Noncombatant Evacuation (Permissive) SIOP Regional Conventional War Theater Nuclear Strikes Regional Non-Conventional War

8 A CHANGING WORLD Changing Operational FocusChanging Operational Focus –From global conflict and major regional contingencies –To smaller scale contingencies and operations other than war –From deliberate planning to crisis action planning Changing ParticipantsChanging Participants –DOD, other government agencies, UN, independent organizations, non-government organizations, local authorities, other militaries –PDD 56 mandates interagency response for complex emergencies Changing Information Requirements and SourcesChanging Information Requirements and Sources –Includes political, military, economic, social, environmental, etc. –Much information outside normal ops and intel expertise –Much information open source

9 CINCPAC Perspective on HA/DR Most frequently named operation todayMost frequently named operation today CINC involvement to Shape and Respond throughoutCINC involvement to Shape and Respond throughout Govt inter-agency activity: State Dept., OFDA, etc.Govt inter-agency activity: State Dept., OFDA, etc. Non-Govt: Host Nation, IO/NGO/PVOsNon-Govt: Host Nation, IO/NGO/PVOs Military: Security, Logistics, Medical, EngineeringMilitary: Security, Logistics, Medical, Engineering Complex Command and Control, Information InteroperabilityComplex Command and Control, Information Interoperability

10 VIRTUAL INFORMATION CENTER Virtual Information Center developed to achieve information superiority in the changing worldVirtual Information Center developed to achieve information superiority in the changing world –Responds to requests for information or frequently asked questions –Rapid structured search of open sources: electronic, hard copy, people, models, etc. –Appropriate experts in variety of locations collaborate to formulate search and analyze information –Applies government expertise such as intel or medical as needed –Condenses product to a few drips of knowledge for policy and decision makers –Products disseminated to DOD, government and non- government as appropriate –Political-Military Anchor Desk (PMAD) is electronic search tool

11 POLITICAL-MILITARY ANCHOR DESK (PMAD)

12 Info Management Goal Use existing information management technology and in-place data sources, such as IOs and NGOs, the Business Community, Internet, On-line services, predictive modeling, and remote sensing to make us... Smarter... Faster... At less cost

13 What is a PMAD ? Resources -- Off-the-Shelf Technology for:Resources -- Off-the-Shelf Technology for: – Internet access – Powerful system of search engines – Archived Database People -- Anchor desk conceptPeople -- Anchor desk concept Concept of Operation that:Concept of Operation that: – Gets the right information to the right place to the right place in time in time

14 Who Needs a PMAD ? The CINCThe CINC – Where is next crisis? What are the issues? – Can I prevent it? … or its 2nd-order effects JTF CommanderJTF Commander – What should I take? Who can help me? – MOEs: What is normal Staff Organizations (J-5, JIC, OPT)Staff Organizations (J-5, JIC, OPT) – What are the issues? Who are the players? – Other opinions… Diverging views

15 DATA INFORMATION KNOWLEDGE UNDERSTANDING Raw signals, facts, bits/bytes, inputs Formatted, filtered, translated, plotted Correlated, analyzed Fused, validated Synthesized,visualized ANCHOR DESK Operating Area The Cognitive Hierarchy

16 PMAD Contribution to the Cognitive Hierarchy PMAD Contribution to the Cognitive Hierarchy DATA INFORMATION KNOWLEDGE UNDERSTANDING Raw signals, facts, bits/bytes, inputs Formatted, filtered, translated, plotted Correlated, analyzed Fused, validated Synthesized,visualized Data collection, sources & search engines & search engines 1st-order effects, filtering & summary, input to models Model output, multi-source fusion, analysis fusion, analysis Presentation & interaction with decision makers, long- range impacts, risks

17 PMAD Provides Opportunities to: Answer tomorrows questions todayAnswer tomorrows questions today – Define normal… Baseline MOEs – The past as prologue… El Nino – The questions dont change … the answers do Building knowledge…Building knowledge… – Develop play-book… what worked before – Integrate data into information – Basis for analysis – Stay abreast of fast-breaking news

18 Opportunities -- Contd Enhance organizational effectivenessEnhance organizational effectiveness – Better information flow within HQ... and externally... and externally – Improved presentation technology – Faster data access; better connectivity Save $$ and ManpowerSave $$ and Manpower – Identify space-saving potential – Concept development--fly before you buy Model for other CINCs & organizations Model for other CINCs & organizations

19 VIRTUAL INFORMATION CENTER (VIC)

20 VIC DEVELOPMENT JAN 97BIG IDEAJAN 97BIG IDEA SEP 97PAC CHESTSEP 97PAC CHEST OCT 97CONCEPT DEVELOPMENTOCT 97CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT APR 98VIC EXPERIMENTAPR 98VIC EXPERIMENT NOV 98CONCEPT REFINEMENTNOV 98CONCEPT REFINEMENT 98Q2VIC DEMO (VIC II)98Q2VIC DEMO (VIC II) 98Q3VIC IN MAJOR EXERCISE98Q3VIC IN MAJOR EXERCISE

21 Recent CINCPAC Efforts SEP-OCT 97: PAC-CHEST (PMAD and COE Complex Humanitarian Emergency Support Test) demonstrated the ability to improve situational awareness in HA/DR at the CINC level by accessing information through the Internet and fusing it in a political-military anchor desk Also demonstrated the need to increase granularity to meet pre-deployment JTF information needs OCT 97: CCRP Workshop identified new concepts for information superiority architectures, sensors and fusion, information access, prediction, and delivery management in support of HA/DR operations which then led to the VIC Concept

22 The Virtual Information Center What is a VIC? Not a thing or place, but a processNot a thing or place, but a process –Human interaction at a distance –Videoconferences, net-meetings, bulletin boards Expands PMAD capabilityExpands PMAD capability –More people involved--more sources; more views More efficient use of resourcesMore efficient use of resources –Less travel -- and time –More databases and finished information

23 Virtual Information Center – Open Source – Collaboration – Analysis – Dissemination

24 Virtual Information Center (VIC) Interactively seeks non-traditional infoInteractively seeks non-traditional info –International Business –NGOs & UN, etc. –Commercial Remote Sensors –Predictive Modeling Uses technology to encourage data sharingUses technology to encourage data sharing –Pools schedules, security, POCs, media info., etc. –Relies on commercial information services and sensors –Minimizes forward footprint

25 Virtual Information Center Internet etc. Request for Info Tasking Information RESOURCECENTER(PMAD/COE) FILTERFILTER ANALYSISANALYSIS FUSION NGO Business Community Remote Sensors Predictive Modeling State Dept US AMB Host Nation CINC CJTF IO UN

26 Insights Information SourcesInformation Sources –Predictive modeling and Internet searches are currently productive –Links to Remote Sensing, NGOs and international business community, not yet timely Information ProcessingInformation Processing –Collaborative expert knowledge network –Officer-in-the-loop allowed analysis/quality control Information DisseminationInformation Dissemination –Web-site with color-coded, clickable responses Enabled Warrior Pull, but only limited Smart Push achievedEnabled Warrior Pull, but only limited Smart Push achieved

27 VIC CURRENT ACTIVITY $150K NSAP Workflow Management Task$150K NSAP Workflow Management Task –Refine the VIC process –Data-Info-Knowledge-Understanding –Automate end-to-end workflow process –ID bottlenecks, reduce latency, increase transparency, and guard against info overload Capture/Retrieve Relevant Information from Previous ExperimentsCapture/Retrieve Relevant Information from Previous Experiments –Architecture and COTS products –Data collection methods –Database structure

28 VIC FUTURE: The Next Steps Virtual Information Center (VIC) Operationalization Joint Experimentation Collaboration HQ for the 21st Century

29 VIC FUTURE (Operationalization/HQ for 21st Century) Virtual Information Center is good candidate for information and knowledge management in Headquarters for the 21st CenturyVirtual Information Center is good candidate for information and knowledge management in Headquarters for the 21st Century –Provides framework on which to hang DARPA, DISA, ONR, ACTD, and other projects –Information and knowledge are treated as a utility manned by professionals to support CINC, staff, and headquarters business processes –Open source Virtual Information Center output and output from traditional ops and intel sources need to be merged in knowledge center

30 VIC FUTURE (Joint Experimentation/Collaboration) VIC Concept refinement workshop (Nov 98)VIC Concept refinement workshop (Nov 98) Development and Execution of a Quick Reaction VIC Demonstration (Spring 99)Development and Execution of a Quick Reaction VIC Demonstration (Spring 99) Integration and Assessment of VIC in a major exercise (Late FY 99)Integration and Assessment of VIC in a major exercise (Late FY 99)

31 VIRTUAL INFORMATION CENTER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS

32 Pol-Mil-Econ Working Group/Brainstorm Big Picture Proactive Director nominate CoS approval VIC Operational Technical (R & D) Short Term Long Term DailyCrisisAnticipatory RFI Data Base development Battle Staff OPT CAT

33 Search/Collection Tools Collaboration Tools Analysis Tools Predictive Models Presentation Tools Other? VIC Operational Technical (R & D) Short Term Long Term Motherboard (Work Flow Process)

34 VIC/R&D SYNERGY Test Bed for C4ISR ToolsTest Bed for C4ISR Tools Operationalize R&D ProductsOperationalize R&D Products Joint Experimentation ExposureJoint Experimentation Exposure JV2010 DevelopmentJV2010 Development Enhance Information SuperiorityEnhance Information Superiority Maintain Current TechnologyMaintain Current Technology

35 PACOM Advantages PACIFIC RIM OF FIRE –Earthquakes –Typhoons –Volcanic Eruptions –Floods GEOGRAPHY –Half the earths surface; 60% of the people PACNET 21 AND IT21 INFRASTRUCTURE VISION HISTORY OF DEVELOPING ADVANCED C4ISR ASSETS –Pacific Disaster Center –Center of Excellence in Disaster Management –Political Military Anchor Desk CHALLENGES –Complete spectrum of operations

36 VIC PROCESS Provide Guidance No Yes VIC Happens Draft Response Meets Rqmts ? Convene VIC More Info Needed ? Yes No Expand Search COE Need More Info ? Internal PMAD Review Adequate ? No Peer Review COE Yes Adequate ? No Yes Deliver to Requestor No Yes Data Collected Reviewed & Shared RequestIN Define Problem, Assess & Parse COE No Clear Clear Redefine w/ Questions Yes EBB Post to Electronic Bulletin Board EBB No Simple Simple ? No Yes Develop Search Strategy COE EBB Analysis Data Collection Planning MTG. Develop Search Plan, Parse further COE (from peer review) Update Database

37 OPS/INTEL/LOG PMAD/VIC CINC&SUPPORTEDSTAFF KNOWLEDGECENTER CLASSIFIEDUNCLASSIFIED Decision Support Tools (GENOA) (GENOA) INTERNET + IMAGERY NGO/IOs INTERAGENCY PDC COE GCCS Information Management System


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