® SNAKES IN THE GRASS: Open Source Intelligence Doctrine Robert D. Steele, OSS CEO.
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® SNAKES IN THE GRASS: Open Source Intelligence Doctrine Robert D. Steele, OSS CEO
® Information Superiority Information Peacekeeping Relevant Information Information Operations OSINT Support to Acquisition OSINT Support to Operations Security
LONG TIME SHORT SHORT TIME WAR PEACE THEREHERE INFORMATION WARFARE INFORMATION PEACEKEEPING EDUCATION INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS SECURITY & COUNTERINTELLIGENCE ®
Information Warfare Information Peacekeeping Open Source Intelligence Education Electronic Electronic Security & Counterintelligence Big SecretNot Secret PrivateSector Private Sector! INFORMATION COMMONS ® CIVIL CENTER OF GRAVITY
OSINT as Input All-Source Intelligence (Spies, Satellites, and Secrets) Information Warfare Information Peacekeeping INFORMATION OPERATIONS Dont send a bullet where a byte will do…. OSINT as Output ®
Information Peacekeeping is the active exploitation of information and information technology--in order to peacefully modify the balance of power between specific individuals and groups--so as to achieve national policy objectives. The three elements of Information Peacekeeping, in order of priority, are intelligence (providing useful actionable information); information technology (providing tools for truth which afford the recipient access to international information and the ability to communicate with others; and electronic security & counterintelligence (a strictly defensive and preventive aspect of being able to sustain Information Peacekeeping operations. Robert D. Steele, 1994 ® DEFINITION
J-1No OOB for refugee/POW info. J-2Assumes SI/TK will have it all. J-3No OOB for IO/IW/IP J-4No role in information supply J-5Not held accountable for supportability of plans in terms of information availability J-6Not accountable for coalition-civil interoperability or for ensuring that external information can be integrated/exploited ® JOINT STAFF ISSUE AREAS
INFORMATIONINFORMATION TIME Available Information Actionable Intelligence The New Intelligence Gap: the difference between what you can know and what you can use! OSINT is as complex as the other disciplines… ® NEW INTELLIGENCE GAP
® Existing doctrine assumes RI comes from IC or other units!
® COMPETING OSINT MODELS SI/TK Selective Importation System High/Firewall Just Enough, Just in Time Default to Validated OSINT SI/TK Validated OSINT
HIC/MRC STRATEGIC NUCLEAR AND CONVENTIONAL MILITARY WAR SOLIC/LEA UNCONVENTIONAL LOW INTENSITY CONFLICT AND GANG WARFARE IW/ECON INFORMATION WAR/ CRIME & ECONOMIC ESPIONAGE MINDWAR RELIGIOUS, POLITICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL REFUGEES PROLIFERATION/ MIGRATION JIHAD/ GREENPEACE TERRORISM/ GLOBAL CRIME INFOWAR/ ECONOMIC ESPIONAGE ® FOUR THREAT/IO TYPES
® Thats it for doctrine….now on to the OSINT overview.