Presentation on theme: "Please do not talk at this time Feb 26"— Presentation transcript:
1Please do not talk at this time Feb 26 HW: Using Chapter 17, Sec 1, Complete the handout on Restoring the Peace after WWII (back of your Transitional Justice Paper)After a time of human rights violations the following questions are asked:Who should be held responsible?What is justice?On Pg. 13A in your notebook, give your own best answer to these questions.
2After a time of human rights violations the following questions are asked: Who should be held responsible?What is justice?A “toolbox” of actions and policies is needed to address these difficult issues and heal the wounds left by oppression and mistreatment
3What is Transitional Justice? response to systematic or widespread violations of human rights.recognition for victims and to promote possibilities for peace, reconciliation and democracy.not a special form of justice but justice adapted to societies transforming themselves after a period of pervasive human rights abuse.In some cases, these transformations happen suddenly; in others, they may take place over many decades.
4The “Toolbox” of Transitional Justice Look at the images. 220.127.116.11.5.6.7.The “Toolbox” ofTransitional JusticeLook at the images.1. What do the “tools” or process represent?2. What do you think the “tools” are designed to do?3. How does these “tools” help society move forwardor heal?
5The “Toolbox” of Transitional Justice The “Toolbox” of Transitional Justice Match the title with the right picture and then give examples of each “tool”.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.5.Titles: criminal prosecutions, education, gender justice, memorials, security system reform, reparations, truth commissions
6Security System Reform These efforts seek to transform the military, police, and judiciary from instruments of repression and corruption into instruments of public service and integrity.
7Criminal Prosecutions They are judicial investigations of those responsible for human rights violations. Prosecutors frequently emphasize investigations of the "big fish": suspects considered most responsible for massive or systematic crimes.
8Reparations ProgramsThey are state-sponsored initiatives that help repair the material and moral damages of past abuse. They may include financial compensation and official apologies.
9Gender JusticeThese efforts challenge impunity (exemption from punishment) for sexual- and gender-based violence and ensure women's equal access to remedy human rights violations.
10Truth CommissionsThese commissions of inquiry investigate and report on key periods of recent past abuse. They are often official state bodies that make recommendations to remedy such abuse and to prevent its recurrence. People will come and explain their role in abuses with the hope of forgiveness if they apologize.
11EducationWriting textbooks that view the history in an objective way in order that future citizens can look at what occurred and make decisions that do not continue past practices.
12Memorialization Efforts They include museums and memorials that preserve public memory of victims and raise moral consciousness about past abuse, in order to build a protection against its recurrence.
13Toolbox for Transitional Justice- Post WWII Security System ReformNew Constitution for JapanNazi’s made illegal in GermanyLaws changed to reduce military in Japan and GermanyCriminal ProsecutionsNuremberg TrialsJapanese war crimes trialsReparations-Returning goods and money confiscated by Nazis or paying for lossesEstablishing Israel for the Jewish peopleGender JusticeWomen given right to vote in JapanTruth Commission/SeekingRetelling the horrors of warRecording the experience of the holocaustPreserving Nazi documentationEducationNew text booksNew lessons and educational standardsMemorialsHiroshimaNormandyPearl HarborHolocaust
14halting ongoing human rights abuses; investigating past crimes; The primary objective of a transitional justice policy is to end the culture of impunity (exemption from punishment or loss or “Getting away with it”)halting ongoing human rights abuses;investigating past crimes;identifying those responsible for human rights violations;imposing sanctions on those responsibleproviding reparations to victims;preventing future abuses;preserving and enhancing peace; andfostering individual and national reconciliation.
15Turn your paper to the West Vs. East Side. I will give you a list of statements.Rewrite these statements in the correct boxes.Put statements that apply to the US in the US column.Put statements that apply to the USSR in the USSR column.Put statements that apply to BOTH in the Both column.You may simplify statements when you rewrite them.
16USBothUSSREconomyBelieves in trade and profit at the expense of some of the people.Promotes CapitalismWants to spend money on technology and scienceSpent a large portion of the national budget on developing weapons and defense systemsThe government should control wealth.The wealth of a country should be shared amongst the whole populationThere should be no competition because it could lead to extreme wealth and extreme poverty.Supports SocialismGovernmentWants to control countries that Italy and Japan had conquered during WWIIDistrusts Stalin and his dictatorship.Wants to contain the spread of communismUsed propaganda as a means to influence other countriesWants to control countries that Germany had conquered during WWIIDistrusts nations that did not come to its immediate aid during WWIIPromotes a weak GermanyWants to spread the influence of communismWeaponsUse whatever means they could, short of war, to gain influence with other countries.Builds up nuclear bombsArmed smaller countries with weaker weapons.Long-term goalsFinancially supported countries that ally themselves with the ideas of democracy and capitalismWould like to limit the influence of the other.Financially supported countries that ally themselves with the ideas of communism
17Please do not talk at this time Feb 26 HW: Please complete a Vocab Word Map (blank copies located in the Templates and Documents folder on the CWI Documents page) for each word:Record these definitions now.Cold War- From just after WWII until 1991, when the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. competed with one another to increase influence around the worldContainment- U.S. policy directed at blocking Soviet influence and stopping the expansion of communism.Iron Curtain- Europe’s division between mostly democratic Western Europe and Communist Eastern EuropeSuper Power- An extremely powerful nation capable of influencing international events and the acts and policies of less powerful nations.
18Use your completed chart and your Chapter 17 Use your completed chart and your Chapter 17.1 homework to answer this question on Pg. 14A in your notebook:What factors might explain the continuing tensions and conflicts between the US and the USSR after WWII?
19Cold War Political Cartoons Get out your East Vs West paper and turn to the Cold War Cartoons Side In groups of 3, look at each cartoon in the room. All of them are about the Cold War- our next unit. Fill out the top chart for the first cartoon you go to. Fill out the bottom chart for the cartoon of your choice. Be ready to discuss your answers!