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Greece and Iran 1000 – 30 B.C.E. State-building, Expansion and Conflict Medes Medes Assyrians Assyrians Cyrus 550 BCE Cyrus 550 BCE Social Class distinctions.

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Presentation on theme: "Greece and Iran 1000 – 30 B.C.E. State-building, Expansion and Conflict Medes Medes Assyrians Assyrians Cyrus 550 BCE Cyrus 550 BCE Social Class distinctions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Greece and Iran 1000 – 30 B.C.E

2 State-building, Expansion and Conflict Medes Medes Assyrians Assyrians Cyrus 550 BCE Cyrus 550 BCE Social Class distinctions Social Class distinctions Cambyses 530 BCE Cambyses 530 BCE Further expansion Further expansion Warriors Priests Peasants

3 Which of the following should we consider as a more important Persian step in Empire Building? Which of the following should we consider as a more important Persian step in Empire Building? Expansion Expansion Administration Administration

4 Darius I BCE

5 Satrapy System Twenty total Twenty total Directly connected to royal family Directly connected to royal family Decentralized Decentralized Collect and send tribute Collect and send tribute

6 Successes Royal roads Royal roads Postal service Postal service Codifying of laws Codifying of laws Incorporation of local laws into justice system Incorporation of local laws into justice system Royal judges Royal judges Relatively peaceful Relatively peaceful Government supplied food for workers Government supplied food for workers Building of Persepolis as a cultural centre Building of Persepolis as a cultural centre Susa (Elam) established as Admin. centre Susa (Elam) established as Admin. centre

7 Issues Royal tribute hoarding Royal tribute hoarding Leads to a economic collapse across much of Empire by 4 th BCE Leads to a economic collapse across much of Empire by 4 th BCE Medians pushed out of power positions Medians pushed out of power positions King as aloof; people as my slaves King as aloof; people as my slaves Strong connection of practices to Mesopotamia Strong connection of practices to Mesopotamia High cost of Kings entourage High cost of Kings entourage Huge tracks of land owned by king Huge tracks of land owned by king

8 Based on the successes and issues of Darius rule and the negative attitude of the Greeks towards the Persians, why dont we see more revolts taking place across the Empire? Based on the successes and issues of Darius rule and the negative attitude of the Greeks towards the Persians, why dont we see more revolts taking place across the Empire?

9 Persepolis

10 Development and Interaction of Cultures Religion Religion Zoroastrianism Zoroastrianism Mandate from Heaven Mandate from Heaven Philosophies Philosophies Water, fire, earth Water, fire, earth Polytheism Polytheism

11 Persian culture under Darius I borrows heavily from conquered peoples. To what extent is this true in regard to religion? Persian culture under Darius I borrows heavily from conquered peoples. To what extent is this true in regard to religion? It is said that Zorastriaism had a profound influence on Judaism and Christianity. Explain this connection. It is said that Zorastriaism had a profound influence on Judaism and Christianity. Explain this connection.

12 Greeks Resource poor – needed trade Resource poor – needed trade Ecological zone – migration Ecological zone – migration Isolated polis Isolated polis Phoenicians (800 BCE) = new ideas (alphabet) Phoenicians (800 BCE) = new ideas (alphabet) Rising population – urban centers Rising population – urban centers

13 Structures Acropolis/agora Acropolis/agora Hoplites – farmers Hoplites – farmers Colonists Colonists Coins CoinsTyrant Oligarchy Democracy King Aristocracy Free Peasants/Merchants/Craftsmen Peasants Debt - Slaves

14 Compare and contrast Greek and Persian civilizations politically. (What was necessary for each system to succeed?)

15 Culture (Beliefs) Anthropomorphic gods Anthropomorphic gods Public sacrifice Public sacrifice Family Individual Family Individual Pre – Socratic philosophers Pre – Socratic philosophers Logographers Logographers Herodotus (485 – 425 BCE) Herodotus (485 – 425 BCE)

16 What social and intellectual factors contributed to the evolution of the heightened importance of the individual? What social and intellectual factors contributed to the evolution of the heightened importance of the individual? Make a case for one of the following statements: Make a case for one of the following statements: Herodotus was the first real historian. Herodotus was NOT the first real historian.

17 7 th c. BCE 7 th c. BCE No colonists – invasion of Messenia No colonists – invasion of Messenia Helots Helots Military preparedness Military preparedness Time warp Time warp Peloponnesian League Peloponnesian League Sparta

18 Athens Big territory, population Big territory, population 594 BCE – Solon: wealth linked to democracy – expanded 594 BCE – Solon: wealth linked to democracy – expanded 460s – 450s – Pericles: Assembly, Council of 500, Peoples Courts 460s – 450s – Pericles: Assembly, Council of 500, Peoples Courts

19 Why were the two polis of Sparta and Athens so different from one another? What accounted for those differences? Why were the two polis of Sparta and Athens so different from one another? What accounted for those differences? Can a case be made that ancient Sparta was just as democratic as ancient Athens in the 7 th – 5 th centuries BCE? Why or why not? Can a case be made that ancient Sparta was just as democratic as ancient Athens in the 7 th – 5 th centuries BCE? Why or why not?


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