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Greece and Iran 1000 – 30 B.C.E.

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Presentation on theme: "Greece and Iran 1000 – 30 B.C.E."— Presentation transcript:

1 Greece and Iran 1000 – 30 B.C.E

2 State-building, Expansion and Conflict
Medes Assyrians Cyrus 550 BCE Social Class distinctions Cambyses 530 BCE Further expansion Warriors Priests Peasants

3 Which of the following should we consider as a more important Persian step in Empire Building?
Expansion Administration

4 Darius I BCE

5 Satrapy System Twenty total Directly connected to royal family
Decentralized Collect and send tribute

6 Successes Royal roads Postal service Codifying of laws
Incorporation of local laws into justice system Royal judges Relatively peaceful Government supplied food for workers Building of Persepolis as a cultural centre Susa (Elam) established as Admin. centre

7 Issues Royal tribute hoarding
Leads to a economic collapse across much of Empire by 4th BCE Medians pushed out of power positions King as aloof; people as “my slaves” Strong connection of practices to Mesopotamia High cost of King’s entourage Huge tracks of land owned by king

8 Based on the successes and issues of Darius’ rule and the negative attitude of the Greeks towards the Persians, why don’t we see more revolts taking place across the Empire?

9 Persepolis

10 Development and Interaction of Cultures
Religion Zoroastrianism Mandate from Heaven Philosophies Water, fire, earth Polytheism

11 Persian culture under Darius I borrows heavily from conquered peoples
Persian culture under Darius I borrows heavily from conquered peoples. To what extent is this true in regard to religion? It is said that Zorastriaism had a profound influence on Judaism and Christianity. Explain this connection.

12 Greeks Resource poor – needed trade Ecological zone – migration
Isolated polis Phoenicians (800 BCE) = new ideas (alphabet) Rising population – urban centers

13 Structures Acropolis/agora Hoplites – farmers Colonists Coins Tyrant
Oligarchy Democracy

14 Compare and contrast Greek and Persian civilizations politically
Compare and contrast Greek and Persian civilizations politically. (What was necessary for each system to succeed?)

15 Culture (Beliefs) Anthropomorphic gods Public sacrifice
Family Individual Pre – Socratic philosophers Logographers Herodotus (485 – 425 BCE)

16 What social and intellectual factors contributed to the evolution of the heightened importance of the individual? Make a case for one of the following statements: Herodotus was the first real historian. Herodotus was NOT the first real historian.

17 Sparta 7th c. BCE No colonists – invasion of Messenia Helots
Military preparedness Time warp Peloponnesian League

18 Athens Big territory, population
594 BCE – Solon: wealth linked to democracy – expanded 460s – 450s – Pericles: Assembly, Council of 500, People’s Courts

19 Why were the two polis of Sparta and Athens so different from one another? What accounted for those differences? Can a case be made that ancient Sparta was just as democratic as ancient Athens in the 7th – 5th centuries BCE? Why or why not?

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