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Projectile Motion Level 1 Physics

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**Objectives and Essential Questions**

Apply definitions of displacement, velocity, and acceleration as they relate to two dimensions Demonstrate proficiency in problem solving using kinematic equations as they apply to motion in two dimensions Predict the horizontal displacement of a projectile launched horizontally (Laboratory) Essential Questions How can we describe motion in two dimensions? How can we predict motion in two dimensions?

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The Definition A projectile is any object that is projected and continues to move due to its own inertia Gravity is the only item acting on the object Thrown at an angle Vertically downward Vertically upward

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**The Motion of a Projectile - Horizontal**

In the absence of gravity, a projectile will travel at the same speed and in the same direction Gravity is unable to effect the horizontal motion of a projectile

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**The Motion of a Projectile - Vertical**

Gravity only plays a role in the vertical direction of projectiles – accelerates the object Gravity-free path

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**Combining the Components**

Together, these components produce what is called a trajectory or path. This path is parabolic in nature. Component Magnitude Direction Horizontal Constant Vertical Changes

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**Horizontally Launched Projectiles**

Projectiles which have NO upward trajectory and NO initial VERTICAL velocity.

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**Horizontally Launched Projectiles**

To analyze a projectile in 2 dimensions we need 2 equations. One for the “x” direction and one for the “y” direction. Remember, the velocity is CONSTANT horizontally, so that means the acceleration is ZERO! Remember that since the projectile is launched horizontally, the INITIAL VERTICAL VELOCITY is equal to ZERO.

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**Horizontally Launched Projectiles**

Example: A plane traveling with a horizontal velocity of 100 m/s is 500 m above the ground. At some point the pilot decides to drop some supplies to designated target below. (a) How long is the drop in the air? (b) How far away from point where it was launched will it land? What do I know? What I want to know? vox=100 m/s t = ? y = 500 m x = ? voy= 0 m/s g = -9.8 m/s/s 1010 m 10.1 seconds

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**Vertically Launched Projectiles**

NO Vertical Velocity at the top of the trajectory. Vertical Velocity decreases on the way upward Vertical Velocity increases on the way down, Horizontal Velocity is constant Component Magnitude Direction Horizontal Constant Vertical Decreases up, top, Increases down Changes

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**Vertically Launched Projectiles**

Since the projectile was launched at a angle, the velocity MUST be broken into components!!! vo voy q vox

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**Vertically Launched Projectiles**

There are several things you must consider when doing these types of projectiles besides using components. If it begins and ends at ground level, the “y” displacement is ZERO: y = 0

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**Vertically Launched Projectiles**

You will still use kinematic equations, but YOU MUST use COMPONENTS in the equation. vo voy q vox

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Example A place kicker kicks a football with a velocity of 20.0 m/s and at an angle of 53 degrees. (a) How long is the ball in the air? (b) How far away does it land? (c) How high does it travel? vo=20.0 m/s q = 53

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Example What I know What I want to know vox=12.04 m/s t = ? voy=15.97 m/s x = ? yo = 0 ymax=? g = m/s/s A place kicker kicks a football with a velocity of 20.0 m/s and at an angle of 53 degrees. (a) How long is the ball in the air? 3.26 s

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Example A place kicker kicks a football with a velocity of 20.0 m/s and at an angle of 53 degrees. (b) How far away does it land? What I know What I want to know vox=12.04 m/s t = 3.26 s voy=15.97 m/s x = ? y = 0 ymax=? g = m/s/s 39.25 m

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**Example What I know What I want to know t = 3.26 s x = 39.25 m y = 0**

vox=12.04 m/s t = 3.26 s voy=15.97 m/s x = m y = 0 ymax=? g = m/s/s A place kicker kicks a football with a velocity of 20.0 m/s and at an angle of 53 degrees. (c) How high does it travel? CUT YOUR TIME IN HALF! 13.01 m

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