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Fascist Armies on the Move:

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Presentation on theme: "Fascist Armies on the Move:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Fascist Armies on the Move:
Please do not talk at this time Jan 22 HW: Review all Vocabulary and Directive words for Quiz Monday. Review Chpt. 15, Sec. 4 and for each Heading in Red and Black, write one sentence that sums up the most important information from that segment. Fascist Armies on the Move: 1. Get out your paper on the Spanish Civil War or The Italian Invasion of Ethiopia 2. Use what you underlined to answer these questions on the back: A. What events or situations in these readings will make Germany/Italy so successful in WWII? B. What does the international community’s response to Germany/Italy tell those countries about what to expect? 3. Share the contents of your reading and your thinking with your partner(s) (same desk number, different letters) Identify what the two readings have in common? Together Anticipate: What problems will Britain, France, or the USA face in WWII that Germany and Italy will not? Write your answer on the back of your half sheet.

2 Vocab Word Maps! Please make a vocab word map for the following words.
Allied Powers The group of nations (Great Britain, France, USSR, U.S.) that opposed the Axis Powers. Axis Powers The group of nations (Germany, Italy, Japan) that opposed the Allied Powers. Occupation Taking and holding control of a place by military force You will have a quiz on Monday on all the vocab word map words you have done so far and the directive words we’ve done as well.

3 Please trade papers and make additions or corrections.
Glossary Definition: Examples: Related Words: Graphic: Allied Powers The group of nations (Great Britain, France, USSR, U.S.) that opposed the Axis Powers Versions: Allies USA, USSR, Britain, France One side of WWII The winners Pledged to fight together Axis Powers The group of nations (Germany, Italy, Japan) that opposed the Allied Powers Versions: Axis Central Powers, Japan, Italy, Germany The Enemy, Nazis, Fascists, Central Powers Occupation Taking and holding control of a place by military force Versions: Occupy, Occupied US in Iraq, Russia in Georgia, Britain in India, USA in Japan after WWII Using the military to claim and keep territory

4 PPT on The Road to War… Use the Cornell Notes handout to take notes on this Lecture. Make sure to answer all the questions printed on the left (both Above and Below the surface questions.) Make sure to do the Summary when you finish a page. This is how I want all Cornell notes to be done.

5 Name: Per. Notes Title: Headings, key words, vocabulary Questions: Notes, charts, drawings, lists, graphic organizers, definitions, etc… Answers! Cornell Notes Form There is a blank copy of this form in the templates folder of the web page Summary: Top 5 pieces of Info for this page of notes

6 The Road to War:

7 The Versailles Treaty Fails Versailles Treaty Review
Germany loses Land Germany loses her Territories Germany is forced to pay over $30 Mil. in Reparations Germany gives up her Military Germany is blamed for the whole Disaster of WWI Revenge!

8 The “Stab-In-The-Back” Theory German soldiers are dissatisfied.
Betrayal! German soldiers are dissatisfied.

9 France – False Sense of Security?
Maginot Line- Heavy guns defend a piece of France Self Deception! The Maginot Line

10 International Agreements
Locarno Pact – 1925 France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy Guarantee existing frontiers Establish DMZ 30 miles deep on East bank of Rhine River Refrain from aggression against each other Kellogg-Briand Pact – 1928 Makes war illegal as a tool of diplomacy No enforcement provisions

11 The Great Depression Desperation! People are desperate
Desperate people are unpredictable Unpredictable people can be unstable Unstable people make poor choices

12 What Emotions are driving policy during this historical period
What Emotions are driving policy during this historical period? Predict some problems that can come from basing decisions on emotional reactions. Use events in our nations recent history to help you.

13 A League of Nations Nations in Black are NOT in the League of Nations
Which important, powerful countries are not part of this group? Why is this significant?

14 U. S. Neutrality Acts: 1934, 1935, 1937, 1939 What does Uncle Sam’s body language tell you about his attitude toward Europe and the trouble going on there?

15 A League of Nations Germany Japan Italy
Look who is IN the League of Nations!

16 Italy Attacks Ethiopia, 1935
Emperor Haile Selassie loses to superior Italian technology and training This is a direct violation of treaties Italy has signed and pledges made at the League of Nations by Italy.

17 Ethiopia begs the League of Nations for help…
What will the USA do? What will Europe do? What will the League of Nations do? NOTHING BUT TALK!

18 Above: What does a Rabbit symbolize? What does a Snake symbolize? What does a Bow mean? Below: What is this Cartoon saying about the League of Nations?

19 The Ineffectiveness of the League of Nations
No Authority. No Military. Members Make and Break Promises. How are these things preventing the League from being effective?

20 The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939
National Front [Nationalists] The Popular Front [Republicans] Fascists Royalists (people supporting the king) Anarcho-Syndicalists. Basques. Catalans. Communists. Marxists. Republicans. Socialists.

21 The Spanish Civil War

22 The Spanish Civil War: A Dress Rehearsal for WW II
What makes you good at War? Practice, Practice, Practice! Today, Spain: Tomorrow, The World

23 “Guernica” by Pablo Picasso
What does this painting tell you about the nature of war in the 1930s?

24 Read the section on the Spanish Civil War
Now open your books to pg. 483 and find the heading Civil War Erupts in Spain Read the section on the Spanish Civil War Consider what you have in your notes and your ½ sheet (if you have Nazis in Spain). Decide what is the most important information from this topic. (Summarize!) Write that information into a sentence that has “civil war erupts in Spain” in it (somewhere). This is how you will do your homework! Share Out…

25 Please add the following to your notebook…. Directive Word: Pg. 8A
Please do not talk at this time Jan 23 HW: Study for Vocabulary Quiz Monday Please add the following to your notebook…. Directive Word: Pg. 8A Explain/Analyze/Account: Make the subject easy to understand by giving clear reasons and details. Show the “below-the surface” meaning. Practice: Turn to your partner and explain what your Freshman year was like. Make sure your partner really understands what you mean, specifically. Do not use “dead” words like nice, ok, good, bad, and so on….

26 Activity: Cookie Story
Listen to the story about the German boy and his mother. Explain what the mother should do next. (Still on pg. 8B)

27 Axis Aggression Before WWII Map Assignment
As we look at each map showing what land was invaded and captured by the Axis powers, draw, label and color each region on your map to show how Axis territory expanded.

28 Japan’s Expanding Empire

29 Rhineland, March 1936 Austria, March 1938 Sudetenland, Sept. 1938 German Territory

30 September 1938 March 1939 November 1938 1938- September Germany invades Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland 1938- November Hungary (with German support) invades southern Czechoslovakia 1939- March Hungary and Germany invade the rest of Czechoslovakia

31 Effects of Axis Aggression…
…Back to Describe! First, brainstorm what you already know about the Rape of Nanking in the box on your map paper…. Now watch the video clips on Fighting in Asia as Japan builds her Empire. How would you describe the fighting in China? Anticipate: If this is how the fighting goes in China, how would you characterize (describe) fighting in the rest of WWII? Write your answer in the box on your paper. Use descriptive vocabulary and specifics. The next slide has descriptive words to help you~

32 Adjectives to paint a picture of History for us…. swift ancient modern
bitter sweet soft combative harsh clever jealous deadly alert abusive puny noble noisy frantic high quality giant brave massive hollow miniscule stunning careful expensive cheap fabulous horrible wrong right poor bumpy desperate cruel painful solid joyous hard working shallow sore dangerous safe firm weary steep innovative delicious dull drab dim sharp gushing cold aggressive wild fancy excited scary filthy superior defiant agonizing strong lazy hungry crazy sane attractive gigantic worried fresh glowing bloody vast lush unexpected tart average graceful plain unusual light better terrible dead sour proper wooden plastic brilliant huge tremendous low offensive depraved shrill narrow crooked anxious disgusting furious

33 What makes a high quality descriptive paragraph. Put up samples…
What makes a high quality descriptive paragraph? Put up samples…. Tell me what works and doesn’t work here….

34 Appeasement: The Munich Agreement, 1938
Please add these notes to the bottom of your note handout How does Europe and the League of Nations respond to these aggressions? Appeasement: The Munich Agreement, 1938 (If we give Hitler a cookie, Czechoslovakia, he will calm down and stop invading people!) British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain Now we have “peace in our time!” Herr Hitler is a man we can do business with.

35 Czechoslovakia Becomes Part of the Third Reich: 1939
What is going on with this woman? Is she happy or sad about Czechoslovakia being handed over to the Germans in the Munich Agreement? Why is she giving the Nazi salute?

36 The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, 1939
Foreign Ministers von Ribbentrop & Molotov

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