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Presentation on theme: "Human Anatomy & Physiology CIRCULATORY & RESPIRATORY SYSTEMS 1."— Presentation transcript:


2 Human Anatomy & Physiology CIRCULATORY & RESPIRATORY SYSTEMS 1

3 Primary Function 2 Transport nutrients and waste products through body (Click)

4 Circulatory System Anatomy 3 Lungs Two Systems: Pulmonary Heart & Lungs Systemic Heart & rest of Body Components: -Heart -Blood vessels -Blood

5 The Heart 4 Anatomy: -Myocardium -R&L Atria -R&L Ventricles -Valves Tricuspid Mitral -Pacemaker (Click)

6 Heart Blood Circulation 5 Blood always enters heart through atria Blood always leaves heart through ventricles

7 Pulmonary & Systemic Circulation 6 (Click)

8 Blood Vessels 7 Arteries – carry blood AWAY from the heart large thick-walled flexible tubes (Aorta) Veins – carry blood TOWARDS the heart thinner-walled tubes with valves Capillaries – carry blood from arteries to veins, allow exchange of materials at cells Microscopic at every cell to allow exchange of material Blood flows away FROM the heart in arteries to cells, where nutrients and wastes are exchanged back to heart in veins

9 Blood Pressure 8 (Click)

10 Circulatory Diseases 9 Atherosclerosis Fat build-up (plaque) on inner walls of arteries Can lead to stroke, heart attack Hypertension (High blood pressure) Abnormally high blood pressure (greater than 140/90, normal = 120/80) Greater chance of heart attack, stroke Myocardial infarction (heart attack) Heart cells die due to lack of oxygen Stroke Plaque breaks free from inner arterial wall and blocks circulation

11 Blood 10 Functions: Supply oxygen & nutrients to cells Remove carbon dioxide and waste products from cells Carry white blood cells to areas of infection Carry hormones to target organs Maintain blood homeostasis (pH, chemical) Maintain body temperature Carry platelets to aid in clotting Components: Plasma (55%) water, sugars, proteins, salts Red blood cells erythrocytes (45%) deliver O2, remove CO2 -hemoglobin White blood cells leukocytes (1%) Disease-fighters Platelets thrombocytes (1%) blood clotting (Click) RBC – no nuclei WBC – nuclei Platelets- pieces

12 Lymphatic System 11 Functions: Returns fluid leaked from cells (lymph) into surrounding tissues back into circulatory system Filters out bacteria, unwanted chemicals from lymph Absorb nutrients to return to neighboring cells Anatomy: Lymph vessels Lymph nodes Spleen Thymus Tonsils

13 Respiratory System 12 Primary Function: Bring about the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the blood, the air and tissues

14 Respiratory System Anatomy 13 Follow the pathway of an air molecule: -Nasal cavity AND/OR Mouth -Pharynx -Epiglottis -Larynx -Trachea -Lung -Bronchus -Bronchiole -Alveolus

15 14 Protection

16 15

17 Gas Exchange 16 Carbon dioxide and oxygen gasses are exchanged at the alveolus and capillary.

18 Breathing 17 Breathing is the movement of air into and out of the lungs Inhalation = breathing in Exhalation= breathing out Partial conscious control *Autonomic control*

19 Respiratory Problems 18 Emphysema – loss of elasticity in the lungs making it very difficult to breathe Cannot get enough O2 to body Cannot get rid of enough CO2 Caused by smoking Caused by air pollution Healthy lungs Smokers lungs Asthma – tightness in chest & difficulty breathing (often caused by allergies) Bronchitis - inflammation of mucus membrane of bronchi Cystic Fibrosis - mucus membrane produces thick substance clogging airways (genetic) Pneumonia – Inflammation of the lungs (bacterial or viral) Tuberculosis – Inflammation of the lungs (infectious, bacterial)

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