Review and pre-quiz (15) check papers/organization (10) Choose clock partners (5) Read letters (clock partner)(5) Lecture Part 1 (15) Review with clock partner (5) Lecture Part 2 (15) Discuss with clock partner (5) Exit Card (5) to understand some of the elements and characteristics of Post Modernism to evaluate how the use of POMO techniques impacts the reader's experience of this text and how they impact the overall effectiveness of the text AGENDA: OBJECTIVE:
POST MODERNISM (AND, NO WERE NOT WATCHING PULP FICTION. BUT I CAN BRING IN RAIDERS OF THE LOST ARKS IF YOU WANT. A work by Banksy – a contemporary Post Modern artist
TITLE Bullet Points Question What is self- reference? Watch the film clip. Look for examples of Irony Appropriation Self-Reference Can I teach Post- Modernism using a Microsoft Product? Is that even allowed? Teacher
DOUBLE RAINBOW! OH MY GOD! - THAT DOUBLE RAINBOW GUY
Guy posts hilarious video of himself tripping out over a double rainbow. It goes viral. Somebody takes the video and turns it into a song. Tha t video goes viral It inspires dozens of copies and variations, including, but not limited to - The Dominoes Double Rainbow In Los Angeles recently, an actual double rainbow appears in the sky People in the area begin tweeting about it – many referring to the double rainbow guy
Characteristics of Post Modern Literature: Self-reference Irony Black Humor Disruption of archetypal narrative Some influential POMO Authors: 1.Jorge Luis Borges 2.Thomas Pynchon 3.Kurt Vonnegut 4.Tim OBrien According to The Electronic Labyrinth Post Modern literature involves, the dissolution of distinctions, the merging of subject and object, self and other. This is a sarcastic playful parody of western modernity and the "John Wayne" individual and a radical, anarchist rejection of all attempts to define, reify or re-present the human subject. WHAT IS POST MODERNISM?
HOW IS TTTC A POMO TEXT? - WITH THANKS TO PROFESSOR PIERCE FOR THE INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS REGARDING TERROR VS. WAR NARRATIVES….. It inverts, subverts, the archetypal war narrative… (Pierce)
FIRST, WELL LOOK AT ANOTHER GENRE TO COMPARE The Terror narrative Narrative: a story. Archetype: original: something that serves as a model or a basis for making copies (Wordnet). Subvert: to turn upside down or change.
TERROR NARRATIVE: SOMETHING UNCIVILIZED, BEASTLY, ENTERS OUR WORLD. THE PROTAGONIST MUST FIGHT IT AND PREVAIL. Uncivilized World Antagonist: Civilized World Protagonist:
ARCHETYPAL WAR NARRATIVE – THE WAR STORY IS IN FACT, THE INVERSION OF THE TERROR NARRATIVE (PIERCE) Uncivilized World Wartime: Enters a world of chaos, violence and uncertainty. Civilized World Soldier: Leaves world of normalcy and order As a result, he is transformed, although usually this change imparts him with a sense of nobility and solidified manhood.
Typical War Narratives The OdysseySaving Private Ryan Apocalypse NowAll Quiet on the Western Front
M.SOCRATIVE.COM Room Number: 16805 The Things They Carried is a postmodern text because it inverts the terror narrative. True or False?
In a war narrative, there is an array of typical motifs 1. the noble example 2.the test of courage 3.the battle as initiation 4.the collective adventure of the platoon 5.the disjunctive return to the civilian world.
HOW DOES O'BRIEN INVERT THESE MOTIFS USING SOME OF THESE TECHNIQUES? HOW DOES HE MAKE THE TEXT POSTMODERN? Typical features of War Novels 1. the noble example 2. the test of courage 3. the battle as initiation 4. the collective adventure of the platoon 5. the disjunctive return to the civilian world Post-modern techniques Temporal disorder, disrupting the chronology of the novel, retelling the past and providing deep details from different perspectives; Pastiche, which arises from the feeling that everything has been done before, so writers can do nothing but paraphrase; Fragmentation, suggesting that the wholeness and completion associated with traditional stories is not preferred anymore; Looseness of association, carrying the meaning of no logic. The text is usually put together in a loose order; Schizophrenia, due to which a characters mind is split into several pieces or segments; Vicious circles, appearing in fiction when both the text and the outer world blend, so that we cannot separate one from the other;
SIDE BY SIDE COMPARISON Archetypal or Typical War Narrative 1. the noble example 2. the test of courage 3. the battle as initiation 4. the collective adventure of the platoon 5. the disjunctive return to the civilian world The Postmodern Version
M.SOCRATIVE.COM Room Number: 16805 Which of these is NOT an example of a postmodern technique as present in The Things They Carried? a. Tim OBrien goes to war and is changed by it. b. Tim OBrien is a character in his own fictional work c. OBrien includes elements usually found in non-fiction, such as a letter from a fictional character d. The author addresses the reader directly..
THE THINGS THEY CARRIED OBrien blurs the line between truth and fiction purposefully. He leaves the reader to question, reflect and wonder about what she has read.
In war you lose your sense of the definite, hence your sense of truth itself, and therefore its safe to say that in a true war story nothing is ever absolutely true. Tim OBrien, The Things They Carried (p 88)
"Good movies -- and good novels, too -- do not depend upon 'accurate portrayals.' Accuracy is irrelevant. Is the Mona Lisa an 'accurate' representation of the actual human model for the painting? Who knows? Who cares? It's a great piece of art. It moves us. It makes us wonder, makes us gape; finally, it makes us look inward at ourselves." (Texas Monthly, Nov. 2002. Qtd. )
M.SOCRATIVE.COM Room Number: 16805 Take the quiz. Try to get your groups ship across the screen first!
Exit Card: 1.What are some of the post-modern elements present in this work by Banksy? 2.How is OBrien using post-modernism in our text?