Presentation on theme: "Medelian Genetics and How to use a Punnett Square to predict probable offspring."— Presentation transcript:
Medelian Genetics and How to use a Punnett Square to predict probable offspring
Simple Steps to follow 1. Determine the parental phenotype and genotypes of the traits being crossed. 2. Determine the possible gametes from the parents in #1. 3. Use the gametes to fill the outside of a blank Punnett Square. 4. Complete the inside of the Punnett Square.
More Steps… 5. Count the number of possible genotypes found in the Punnett Square. 6. Determine the percentage of genotypes found. 7. Determine the phenotypes (based on the genotypes) and percentages from the Punnett Square. 8. Celebrate – youre done!
Example... Oompah Loompah Genetics
Who/What are Oompah Loompahs? Oompah Loompah
Step 1. Phenotype = Face Color (F) Dominant = Recessive = BLUE ORANGE Genotype = Genetic make-up Dominant = Recessive = FF or Ff ff Dad Mom
Step 2. Determine possible gametes Genotype = FF or Ff Genotype = ff Gamete = F F or f Gamete = f Lets use the heterozygous dad to find out what possible offspring they might have.
Step 3. Fill in gametes outside of Punnett Square ff F f Mom Dad
Step 4. Fill in inside of Punnett Square f f F f Ff ff
Step 5. Count the number of possible offspring genotypes found in the Punnett Square. ff FFf fff Genotypes: Ff = ff = 2 out of 4 = 50% Step 6: Determine percentages - done above!
Step 7. Determine offspring phenotypes and percentages Genotypes are: Ff = 2/4 = 50% and ff = 2/4 = 50% Phenotypes are: Ff = BLUE face = 2/4 = 50% ff = ORANGE face = 2/4 = 50%
Summary Crossing a blue face Oompah Loompah with an orange face Ompah Loompah may produce 50% blue-faced children and 50% orange-faced children
Make Sense??? Try the Oompah Loompah worksheet!